When organizations can engage their employees to become productive members, it is only then that the employee will change their attitude and have a sense of motivation that will show when the outcome is received. It is the same idea behind a kid receiving a reward for cleaning up after themselves. A goal was set and achieved and it was followed by a reward. Essentially, an individual will act in a certain way based on the expectation that the act will be followed by a given outcome and on the attractiveness of that outcome to the individual (Path-Goal Leadership Theory, 2018). The basic steps behind the idea of a goal theory is for organizations to first determine the employee and environmental characteristics, second, select a leadership style that correlates with the organization and employees, and three, focus on motivational factors that will
To Kotter the purpose of leadership is to propel an organization into the future by finding opportunities and successfully exploiting them. Effective leading is having a vision and being able to get buy in from people and by empowering them, one can create substantial change (CITE KOTTER HBR 2). It is also important to note that Kotter describes leaderships as strategic procedures that makes an organization adaptable to substantial change (CITE). With this purpose and definition in mind, one can hypothesize that to successfully lead during change a leader needs to; have a future expressed by a vision, align employees to the vision and empower them to overcome problems related to the transition in implementing change.
Thinking instructional design as a concept of system or ‘a set of interrelated and interacting parts that work together toward some common goal’ (Smith & Ragan, 2005, p. 24) Instructional designer should be aware of other system discipline. Learning theory This theory informs a ‘change in human disposition or capability that persists over a period of time and is not simply ascribable to processes of growth’ (Gagne, 1985, p. 2) It helps instructional designers when designing from a: • Behaviourist and/or cognitivist stance, the designer analyses the situation and sets a goal. • Constructivist approach requires that the designer produces a product that is much more facilitative in nature than
The first and foremost thing that has to be identified is the roles and the responsibilities of the Project and according to that the necessary management plan could be designed. Communication Management Communication is the way in which the opinions and the ideas of each of the individuals are expressed in one way. Communicating with each of the others mainly help in collecting ideas based on each of the factors that are being considered in the development of the project. For an instance, there are constant changes that take place based on each of the areas when a particular project is being developed. So in order to inform these changes, it is necessary to keep the stakeholders informed or the particular individual concerned based on the changes that are
All aspects of management are important but before this one has to understand where it starts. On an executive level, many factors need to be considered. For instance, the environment needs to be right. In other words, “teams are apt to achieve much greater success if they operate in a generous environment; therefore, many types of support and resources that a team needs from its surrounding environment to enhance its chances of success (Polzer, 2003, p 5).” Other factors include determining team size, skills needed, diversity, and what other levels of management will be needed to oversee these teams. All of these factors will need to be considered at executive level in order to be successful at any organization.
Project manager must be able to exert interpersonal influence, excellent communication and strong leadership skills. With the ability to handle stress, problem solving, behavioural characteristics can lead to inspire the project team to succeed and win the confidence of the client. The Project Management Institute defines project management as “the art of directing and coordinating human and material resources through the life of a project by using modern management techniques to achieve pre-determined goals of scope, cost, time, quality and participant satisfaction” (Smith 2002). Therefore, for a project to be successful, the methodology employed for the execution is very important. Requirements, statement of work, risk assessment and schedule estimates must align when during the initiation of a project.
The first step is determining the risk factors (such as financial, technical, execution, legal risk) that can significantly affect the project; this could be done through "brainstorming meetings, expert opinion, history, multiple assessments". Once the risk factors have been identified, the project manager has to determine the potential impact and probability of these risk factors. After that, the project manager has to seek strategies for mitigating risks with significant impact on the project execution and outcomes; this could be done via multiple strategies such as accepting the risk, minimizing risk, sharing risk, or transferring risk depending on the situation. The final step is to document the knowledge base for upcoming projects based on lessons learned from the current project to avoid mistakes previously
2. Understand the organisations goals and overall viewpoint. Whilst working, planning, creating and developing new ideas, plans and activities knowing what the organisations objective is will definitely provide aid in the direction for which you should be guiding employees. It is not enough to just know what those company objective is, but you should also emphasise and encourage those goals so that they are made visible and achievable by all. 3.
Essay Topic: Having a best practice performance management strategy is key to an organization’s ability to gain a competitive advantage. An effective human resource strategy is a fundamental aspect on which organization builds its success. Organizations which have adopted performance management as their pivotal strategy work by defining appropriate goals, assessing employees’ performance on established benchmarks and critically evaluating any gaps between the actual and expected performances. Hence, there is always a room for an improvement and they gradually achieve the success which they had envisioned. Performance management not only entails continuous assessment and feedback of employees from their supervisors and managers on their
A leader needs to adapt to situations and use techniques that are inclusive in order to avoid conflict and aids decision-making. Building relationships, considering others feelings and celebrating their successes with them can maintain strong leadership. By encouraging my team to participate in the decision making process I empower them, which inspires job satisfaction this reduces conflict, poor time keeping and absenteeism. I need to be able to help my staff team understand the need for change and I do this by being clear about my aims and objectives, the actions required and the part they need to play. Sometimes I need to take control especially where health and safety is concerned, these policies and procedures me adhered to at all times.