Often times structural violence is invisible to the average individual. It is a global issue that impacts a multitude of ethnic groups, with varying degrees of inhumanity and injustice. It is prevalent in numerous countries, India’s social system, Caste, is an example of this dehumanizing violence. Structural Violence Paul Farmer’s work, “On Suffering and Structural Violence: A View from Below,” reveals the unscrupulous hierarchy that exists among societies.
Since the existence of this country, society has been dealing with so many controversial political and social issues, racism and racial profiling are one of those social problems. Racism is an overpowering, disgusting, and popular act which has been destroying our country. A big issue in our society, is the still existing gap between all kinds of different races. We have known America as a multicultural country and a melting pot for all types of individuals. All the differences in an individual person have some sort of effect in a person’s life, those inequalities disturb opportunities at work, at home, where we live, in politics, etc.
The erosion of national feeling due to linguistic loyalties threatens the sovereignty of our country. Illiteracy Illiteracy is a condition which becomes a blot on the development of nation. India possesses the largest illiterate population. Illiteracy in India is a problem which has complex dimensions attached to it. Illiteracy in India is more or less concerned with different forms of disparities that exist in the country.
Every human society has an ambient feature of hierarchical group identities, whether based on ethnicity, race, religion, or in case of India “caste”.In Indian context some social groups are historically been vulnerable to hierarchical vicissitude and in these, Scheduled Castes (SCs) is being the most discriminated. Chandhoke (2015) explaining the concept of historical injustice argued that it takes note of a variety of historical wrongs but injustices like slavery and “untouchability” fall into a different category altogether. Though, all cases of injustice cause deep harm and warrant retribution, reparation, public acceptance of wrongdoing and apologies, this category; past wrongs, continues into the present in some form or the other, and tends to resist repair. When group based differences remain stable over long periods of time they have been influentially described as “durable inequalities” (Tilley, 1998). Such “inequality traps” (Rao, 2006) are believed to be highly correlated with the unequal distribution of power and are consequently considered an important cause of ethnic conflict and immobility.
In reaching this 21st century, we have gone through lots of wars, fights and blood being shed. Harmony can be mean by agreement or accord while diversity is a range of different things. In the society, people depend on each other for life. Harmony within the diversity that we have achieved as a multi races country today is one of the result from our ancestors' sacrifices like the dark time when our country was once had a fight among the races in 13 May 1969. Today there is great angst around the world, countries and human beings are unhappy because of the increasing hatred and conflicts.
CHAPTER TWO LITERATURE REVIEW AND THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK 2.1. Introduction In almost every region of the world, governments abuse the basic human rights of their citizens through the use of torture, violence and by stifling freedom of speech, assembly, and religion, among other things (Ausderan, 2014). This has resulted in several studies conducted on human rights violation and conflict by different scholars. For example, Parlevliet, (2002:8-43) examined the link between human rights and conflict management, and argued that conflict management can contribute to the protection and promotion of human rights in a variety of ways. Thoms and Rons (2007:1-25) discussed the relationship between human rights violation and internal conflicts.
Whatever the cause, statelessness has serious consequences for people in almost every country and in all regions of the world. Stateless persons are often denied enjoyment of a range of rights, including access to identity documents, education, employment and healthcare. Statelessness affects not only local communities, by effectively marginalizing and disenfranchising certain groups, but the international community as a whole, by making people more vulnerable to human trafficking and other forms of exploitation, such as recruitment by violent groups. Statelessness can both lead to, and result from, forced displacement. It can also contribute to political and social tensions and, where large populations are excluded or marginalized, can impair a State’s economic and social
Today’s livelihood problems of Denotified tribes are emerging not only because of contemporary situation but are the causes of the historical problems which are deeply rooted since post independent. They have been suffering injustices at the hands of both policy and society which are not adequately
Women are perceived to be disadvantaged at work. Indian laws on Rape, Dowry and Adultery have women 's safety at heart, but these highly discriminatory practices are still taking place at an alarming rate. Gender discrimination in India refers to health, education, economic and political inequalities between men and women. Gender inequalities, and its social causes, impact India 's sex ratio, women 's health over their lifetimes, their educational attainment, and economic conditions. Gender inequality in India is a various issue that concerns
Ethnic, linguistic, religious, nationalistic and political cleavages have always existed in Pakistan. State building crisis continued to flourish due to incompetent leaders at large. If we talk about Pakistan in more detail and as far as state scope is concerned it is minimal state and again state struggle is not enough. Mentioned below are some major challenges to national integration in Pakistan: 1. Ethnic disputes like Shiya Sunni hostility, extermination of Hazara community of Baluchistan 2.