Water pollution is one of the main problems of today’s society. Inorganic and organic contaminants release from various industries represents a serious threat to environment due to their accumulation throughout the food chain. Human as final consumer is more sensitive to such pollutants, since biomagnifications of contaminants occurs at each successive trophic level. Conventionally used methods became expensive and require aggressive conditions that may lead to generate secondary pollutants. Therefore, worldwide there is a continuous interest in development of new, effective and inexpensive techniques for the removal of pollutants.
b. Environmental Impacts Given that aquaculture is prevalent in coastal ecosystems and freshwater habitats, which are often under pressure from multiple human impacts, it is not surprising that the sector raises environmental concerns. Thus the challenge in natural resource management is to strike a balance between conservation and economic development, taking into consideration different opinions and interests so as to achieve reasonable outcomes (Mazur and Curtis, 2008). Environmental damage is not only a consequence of aquaculture but also represents a momentous constraint, owing to the sector’s primary dependence on good environmental conditions and hence a shared interest in their maintenance (Young, Brugere and Muir, 1999). This is often overlooked.
Following the screening process, BP carries out impact assessments, identifies mitigation measures and implements these in project design, construction and operations. Operations Every year, environmental performance is reviewed by BP’s operating sites and local improvement objectives are set. These can include measures such as flaring reduction, pollution prevention, or reducing impact on biodiversity. Decommissioning and remediation BP has taken the initiative to restore the environment after remediating or decommissioning a site or in response to an unexpected incident. Complying with regulations BP’s operations.is spread over more than 80 countries, BP faces diverse and complex environmental laws and regulations.
If a firm has both kinds of business, it will find it easier to minimize the pollution. For example, one of coal combustion products (CCP), fly ash, can be used to produce concrete or adobe bricks for construction projects . Moreover, different companies, which run different kinds of businesses that support each other as such, can also cooperate to minimize pollution. Government can play a role in planning and developing concentration industrial zones so that such production lines can be connected more easily with reduced
While, most multinational corporations get benefited from their CER (Corporate Environment Responsibility) practice meanwhile it leads Chinese corporations to come under pressure of limited resources, which includes, employees, money, information, and added value, which prevent Chinese corporations from their commitment to environmental enhancement. Thus, this deprived that lately Chinese corporations fronting intense competition in the global market while their only way of rivaling is cost cutting. While Chinese organization’s are giving low-priced commodities to the entire world, meanwhile they paying the cost of environment pollution and create environmental
It is stated that each year it carries 16,000 tons of ash from cremated bodies along with a mixture of sewage and toxic chemicals; a fallout of dense population and rapidly developing economy. According to an affidavit filed in the Supreme Court by National River Conservation Directorate of the environment ministry in 2007, 661 grossly polluting industries (each with over 100 kg BOD load per day) were located along the Ganga (Basu J. , September 2013, p. 3). Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) on April 1, 2010 criticized the state government's power policy which has allowed a private company to divert maximum 90% of the river water to power turbines, leaving only 10% to flow in the natural course of the river.
It acts as a foundation before introducing the other new policies and actions to deal with climate change by providing the aims, principles and strategies of China. The main objective of CNCCP is to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases in China and to do it by focusing on crucial areas such as energy creation and conversion, energy proficiency development and energy management, farming and forestry, manufacturing processes and wastes produced by the community as these are the areas which produce greenhouse gases. It also aims to promote the science and technology as well as research and development on climate change in China to a higher and more advanced level because by building up the roles of science and technology brings an advantage in controlling climate change in both regional and national level. Besides that, CNCCP also aims to raise consciousness and understanding in public so that the citizens of China would be alert about the consequences of climate change and do their own part to help control the emission of greenhouse gases. Furthermore, this program wishes to reinforce the organizations and instruments used on climate
1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Research Background Carbon footprint (CFP) term was evolved from the ecological footprint concept. It is now widely used to stimulate consumers’ concern for issues related to climate change (East, 2008). Calculating CFP is one of the mitigation step taken to reduce greenhouse gases (GHG), as carbon dioxide (CO2) is one of the major GHGs. Thus, there are several standards that have been developed by international organization and technical committee which serve as guideline in managing GHGs emission. One of them is ISO/TS 14067, which establishes principle, requirements, and as a guideline for the quantification and communication of the CFPs.
Everyone will accept the fact that our environment is constantly changing due to continuous exploitation of natural resources in an unsustainable manner. In addition, the ever growing population, increased industrialization and urbanization give rise to increased pollution and huge amounts of waste generation. The major environmental issues in developing nations include Water pollution, Air pollution, Land degradation and Waste Management. Hence, there is an urgent need to become increasing aware of the environmental issues and challenges faced by the community and to suggest sustainable solutions to manage the current situation. I wish to put up sustainable solutions to manage the environmental issues scientifically and this is possible only through the means of education.
Recommendations Based on the above investigation, a number of suggestions will be provided in connection with identified risks to improve the future development of HSBC. The recommendations focus on company’s investment strategies and managerial capability, which are abovementioned in the purpose of this study. Although the macro-environmental factors are uncontrollable, various measures should still be developed to cope with anticipated changes in business environment. 5. Nature and Limitations One of the limitations of this study is the inability to obtain first-hand information from the management level of HSBC.