Further, he adds that this is best explained as the ability of capitalism to manufacture commodities from both unfounded needs and social problems. Through the use of secondary data, prominent critics have described crime-prevention goods’ consumption and crime trends as a design through which capitalism has contributed to commodification of crime. However, proponents of capitalism argue that this is a mere scheme of the media to undermine capitalism. For instance, in the wake of 1991, after the fall of the Soviet Union, reports came out from the Western press concerning rapid increase in criminal activities in the “new Russia” (Wright, 2000).
A large amount of funds associated with transnational crimes can compromise legally governed economies and sometimes influences politicians and public figures through corruption and the payment of bribes. Year after year there are a countless amount of fatalities associated with transnational crimes, the adverse effects when put together can undermine the security and stability within governments. It is imperative for international nations to continue to work closely together to mitigate these serious problem facing us today. Transnational organized crimes are not like conventional crimes such as (murder, robbery, and rape), persons who are victims of transnational crimes are unlikely to approach and make complaints to the police about organized crimes, persons are reluctant because of the fear of
Transnational financial crime such as telemarketing fraud and other related financial activities such as money laundering have an adverse impact not just at the national level, but regional and global level as well. Globalisation and technological advancement have made it easier for criminals to operate across borders. Thus, cross-border financial crimes such as telemarketing fraud undermines a state’s economic infrastructure and the interest of its citizens. There is now a greater need for the cooperation of regional and international organisation to fight against transnational financial crime. One has to look at this issue from a broader perspective.
The criminal justice system is a collaboration of different organizations who work together to uphold the law, keep the peace, and restore justice. Day in and day out the criminal justice system is forced to deal with unlawful issues that pose a threat to the peace of our society. These issues can range from within our homeland to international threats. Although there are many issues facing modern day criminal justice it seems that there are two in which our nation may be battling the most. Those two issues are drug trafficking and terrorism.
TRANSNATIONAL CRIME Transnational crimes are crimes that have actual or potential effect across national borders and crimes that are intrastate but offend fundamental values of the international community. Transnational crimes also include crimes that take place in one country, but their consequences significantly affect another country and transit countries may also be involved. Examples of transnational crimes include: human trafficking, people smuggling and smuggling/trafficking of goods (such as arms trafficking and drug trade). It is a serious global concern that has the potential to seriously endanger the stability and security of nations as well as threaten international peace. Therefore, the fight against transnational organized crime must be done comprehensively.
Terrorism- As expressed throughout the above programs, political violence can come up in several different forms. While, mainly in the contemporary world, distinct forms of political violence are assumed compatible with terrorism, they are not. Only an angry crowd can practice violent expressions, riots, and protests. Nevertheless, it is more complex to state about killing, bombing, and kidnapping as well: repeatedly nationalist in origin, often anti- systematic, utilized both within countrywide limits and across them.
Violence Begets Violence With terrorism being such a frequently used ubiquitous term, it is in utmost consequence to define the term accurately. How we understand the connotation of terrorism can determine how we choose to actively respond to it. Terrorism as defined by the CIA is “premeditated, politically motivated violence perpetrated against noncombatant targets by subnational groups or clandestine agents. Those who employ terrorism, regardless of their specific secular or religious objectives, strive to subvert the rule of law and effect change through violence and fear. ”(CIA)
It is important for a definition such as this to be accepted internationally as current definitions of terrorism can be abused by various factions. Many terrorist organizations use the current ambiguous definition of terrorism to promote their own interests and goals. Although politicians also promote their own interests and needs by making political use of the term “terrorism” by emphasizing the brutality of the term (Ganor 293). Another significant reason that an international definition for terrorism is adopted is to help emphasize the difference between terrorism
The section expands the definition to include “a violent, criminal act intended to affect the conduct of government by mass destruction” (1)(B)(iii). The section also defines domestic terrorism as “any act that is “dangerous to human life, involves a violation of any state or federal law intended to influence government policy, or coerce a civilian population” (5)(B)(i)(ii). A problem with the definition of domestic terrorism is that the term is broad in scope, and could encompass non-terror activist organizations (e.g., Greenspace, Operation Rescue, etc.), and subject them to being
In attempt to protect the integrity of sport in Australia, state institutions, sports bodies, national associations, and law enforcement agencies have increased incentives and safety precautions; and as a result, greater threats to the sporting industry, such as terrorism tend to be predisposed. The interplay between sport and terrorism is a prevailing danger to the sporting industry. Given the global popularity of sport and sheer size of modern sport gatherings, mega-sporting events have become high-risk settings for terrorism. Ironically, sport highlights different religions, political systems, traditions and ideologies among communities positioned against each other, resembling, in a sense, the global war of terror. While the costs of anti-terrorism measures (at an average estimate of 1-3 billion for any mega-event) may sound extreme, the most cited risk associated with security of sporting events is violence.
The United States faces many challenges today. In today’s society, racial profiling and terrorism would be at the top of the list. Racial profiling is widespread and has tremendous effects on the communities of color, national origin, and ethnicity. With the heightened awareness of terrorism in the United States, citizens have become fearful of other races and ethnicities.
Even though this type of an attack is certainly horrific and all efforts should be made to prevent such attacks in the future, another more perfidious and incremental threat to the US is on the rise- domestic terrorism. Despite the fact that the legal distinction of domestic terrorism may or may not be applied based on legal or perhaps even political motivations, the carnage that domestic terrorism can unleash upon the US is formidable. Domestic terrorism comes in any forms and is driven by many different ideologies. The domestic terrorist can desire the destruction of the US, the elimination of certain populations of Americans based on the color of their skin or the god they choose to worship, or they may wish to overthrow the government and establish their own version of utopia. The aforementioned examples are of course not an exhaustive list, and there may be individuals or groups that are as yet unknown.
1. MS13 is a ruthless cross-national gang, which communicates through countries yet operates in smaller separate entities. The gang originated in Los Angeles Ca., a fact that surprised myself as well as many other Americans. When MS13 is generally referred to people assimilate the name with Mexicans or Mexican Americans. While it is true the gang began under the leadership of Mexican Americans, it surprises many to know the worlds most dangerous gang originated right here within the supposedly safe United States.