Die Kapuzinergruft, German for ‘The Capuchin Crypt’ describes the traditional burial ceremonies of the Imperial Hapsburgs. In his 1938 novel of the same name, author Joseph Roth describes the parallel symbolic death and burial of an Empire in the waning days of the Habsburg Monarchy. The Overlook Press published an English translation by John Hoare in 1984; The Emperor’s Tomb describes the life of a Slovenian national during the waning days of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and through this use of a minority, he conveys the struggle for self identity that a great many states and countries went through as a result of their dissolutions at the end of the First World War. At the beginning of the book, Franz Ferdinand Trotta, or Herr Trotta, as he is referred to in much of the book, is a strong and decisive man. He leads a life of dignity and grace, never stepping too far from where he came, following the rules of society.
He attended the Burgh school where he studied Latin, mathematics, history and writing. He then entered the University of Glasgow when he was 14 and in 1740 went to Oxford. Adam Smith was an economist and philosopher and he wrote what is now a day considered the ‘’ bible of capitalism’’. In the book he puts the first details of a political economy. In 1759 Smith published his book The Theory of Moral Sentiments.
He is known to make interrupted his graduation to join his expatriates, driving ambulances during the First World War in Europe. However, upon his return to Harvard, he was elected as the president of the Harvard Advocate, where he met another string of writers. Giving the circumstances and consequences of his experiences, his writings serve a plethora of historical, cultural, literary and personal nostalgia. As most of the American expatriate writers, who thought America was a “Cultural Backwater” and that they should be learning from the European classics, Malcolm Cowley too was a part of that youth who resided in France and garnered their literary skills. Cowley returned to
On the other hand, in October 1922, radical fascist forces led by Mussolini marched military in Rome to show their political and military power. In front of this extreme action and in front of the weak political government of the Italian Prime Minister De Facta, the king, Vittorio Emanuele III, agreed to give Mussolini the task to form a government in the belief that he would have respected the law and brought peace and order in the country (Kitchen 138). Since then, the radicalization of Mussolini government towards a totalitarian state has occurred through a succession of laws, sometimes called “fascist revolution”, that “involved the destruction of the Italian liberal state”, (Lee 138). For instance, from January 1925
The poems that we will discuss are all explored by the theme of death like "War Photographer" by Carol Ann Duffy, "a Mother In A Refugee Camp" by Chinua Achebe, "Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night" by Dylan Thomas, "Piano" by D.H Lawrence, "My Last Duchess" by Robert Browning and finally "Poem at Thirty Nine" by Alice Walker. These poems all portray the theme of death and loss and how the people that get affected adapt to the loss of their loved ones and their family. Firstly, I will discuss how these poems portray the theme of death within a family, a great example is "A Mother in a refugee camp", where the mother is affected by the death of her son and the suffering of her loved one "child could touch her tenderness for a son" this shows the basic relationship between mother and a child, also "bundle of possessions" this shows the memory of her child and how she latches on to hope and the memory of her son. Also "poem at thirty nine" discusses the theme of death within a family, the use of free verse and enjambment gives the sense of remembrance of her father, which shows the poet 's train of thoughts as she redirects her memories. Although "My last Duchess" does portray the theme of death within family, because of the death of his wife, but we have to exclude it, because he was the one that killed her with jealousy and paranoia.
According to Gabriel Garcia Marquez’s autobiography, the novella was inspired by the murder of his friend Cayetano Gentile, who is Santiago Nasar in the story. Hour of the Star is narrated by an upper class writer Rodrigo SM, who struggles to understand and write about the life and suffering of a north-eastern Brazilian girl, Macabea. The novella was published one month before Clarice Lispector’s death. It is often believed that it was inspired by Lispector’s own life. Both, Hour of
She has widely been acknowledged as a ‘voice’ of expatriate- immigrant sensibility.Hannah, the protagonist of the novel The Holder of the World, turns into orphan as a result of her father’s death and mother’s flee with her Nipmuc lover. Then, she grows up as an
Sir Isaiah Berlin, born in Riga, was a British political philosopher and a professor at All Souls College, Oxford. During his childhood we lived in Petrograd, during the Russian revolution, where he and his family were increasingly oppressed under Bolshevik rule. Because of all difficulties faced during this time, he and his family moved in early 1921 to Brittan. It was in Brittan, specifically in Oxford, that he presented his Essay “The Two Concepts of Liberty”. The essay ‘Two concepts of Liberty’ is a brilliant quest to what defines the individual freedom “Why should anyone obey anyone else?” The ideas behind this question are obedience and coercion.
Aravind Adiga is an Indian Journalist and author. His introduction novel, The White Tiger, won the 2008 Man Booker Prize. The White Tiger (2008) is the contrast between India’s rise as a modern global economy and the working class people who live in serious rural poverty. Between the Assassinations (2008) refers to the period between the murders of Indira Gandhi in 1984 and her son, Rajiv Gandhi in 1991. Kiran Desai, the daughter of Anita Desai was born in New Delhi, now she lives in the United States.