Change In Land-Use And Land Change And Climate Change

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The earth has been in a state of continuous change since a long time ago. Land-use and land-cover changes (LULCC) induced by human and natural processes a major role in global as well as regional scale patterns of the climate and other aspect of the earth system (Ramachandra et al., 2012). Now a day’s Global warming is highly increasing because of massive land-use land-cover (LULC) changes and land-cover by itself is a fundamental variable that affects many aspects of the natural environment. The change in land-use land-cover leads to environmental change, rainy season fluctuation, increase sea surface temperature (SST) and land surface temperature (LST). This massive land-use and land-cover change is due increase the need of land for settlement and agricultural. Land is scarce (limited) natural resource, which cannot be changed when the number of population increases. Land-use should correspond to land capacity and at the same time it should, respect global climate system and the environment (FAO/UNEP, 1999). Land-use is converting over time and the most important driving force of land-use changes is the human need. Human population is increasing and it causes transformation of natural ecosystems into human landscapes. Human settlements, the need for farmland and, especially, industrial areas and large urban areas significantly modify their environment. Changing from permeable and moist land uses to impermeable and dry one with paving and building material can have a
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