After four agonizing years, America was back to square one and tried to rebuild itself from the broken pieces that were brought about by the Civil War. Somewhere, somehow America has to start and reestablish itself as a nation in accordance to their newfound freedom. In 1865 the government started the Reconstruction of the nation, the merging of the South territories back into the Union and the acknowledgement of the newly freed blacks into the American society. As it turned out, both the government and the people had a hard time accomplishing this feat. Both experienced a lot of resistance along the way.
They thought that the election of Abraham Lincoln threatened their way of living based on slavery. The Confederate’s president was Jefferson Davis, who was from Mississippi. Davis’ intentions were to peacefully secede, but the United States as a whole would not let that happen. Once war had officially begun, the Confederacy was off to a pretty good start being led by General Robert E. Lee from Virginia. Lee and his troops earned big victories within the first two years of the war.
At the beginning of the Civil War, it was evident that the North would have the upper hand in both an abundance of weapons and their larger population to draw soldiers from. Although this was the case, the South appeared to have the upper hand early on due to several Confederate victories. Although most of the battles in the beginning of the war ended in a stalemate, General Robert E. Lee was able to push his forces into the Virginia in 1861 and 1862. With this newfound confidence following these victories, the Confederate forces would continue to pursue a more offensive role in the war by continuing to advance. This was obviously met by opposition from Union forces and the Confederates would be pushed back to Bull Run.
The north had the goal of restoring the union during the Civil War, and the south made it very clear they were fighting to be respected as a country. With great happiness came great repercussions of a union victory and the country back together. Post Civil War the country faced issues concerning the Emancipation Proclamation on former slaves, the era of reconstruction, and deaths on both sides. There was a lot of rehabilitating to be put into action on both sides morally and physically. The Emancipation Proclamation declared slavery a moral issue, made it a focus of the Civil War, confirmed Europe 's rejection of the South’s war, and created new experiences for former slaves post Civil War.
The Union triumph in the Civil War in 1865 may have given exactly 4 million slaves their flexibility, yet the procedure of revamping the South amid the Reconstruction period (1865-1877) presented another arrangement of critical difficulties. Under the organization of President Andrew Johnson in 1865 and 1866, new southern state lawmaking bodies passed prohibitive "dark codes" to control the work and conduct of previous slaves and other African Americans. Insult in the North over these codes disintegrated backing for the methodology known as Presidential Reconstruction and prompted the triumph of the more radical wing of the Republican Party. Amid Radical Reconstruction, which started in 1867, recently liberated blacks picked up a voice in government without precedent for American history, winning decision to southern state lawmaking bodies and even to the U.S. Congress. In under 10 years, in any case, reactionary forces–including the Ku Klux Klan–would reverse the progressions created by Radical
After viewing the documentaries “The Second Civil War”, some of the successes that was brought from the reconstruction were the reunification of the union which had lasted four years, and what made it successful, was that it was restored and brought together by the Reconstruction. The next success is the expansion of the South and North 's economy. The reconstruction had brought many offers to the South as well as to the North since it proposed to collaborate in order to make a better place. Another success is more laws. The laws protected the rights of the newly freedmen, and accepted them as men, having the right to vote, and speak.
The North and South, from 1861 to 1865, lost over six hundred thousand men in an armed and gruesome conflict over the issue of slavery. Despite the North winning militarily, the death rates for both sides were relatively equal. Following the South’s surrender at Appomattox, a time of Reconstruction ensued. Southern beliefs and behaviors, along with the Grant Administration’s growing indifference about freedman issues, influenced Reconstruction politics across the country. White Southerners scored a resounding victory in the Reconstruction Period by passing restriction laws against Negroes and intensified the Southern atmosphere beyond its original Pre-Civil War environment.
The 1856 election was a turbulent time in politics for America. Slavery was the key issue on everyone’s mind and many other political viewpoints were belittled in comparison to the more pressing question: should slavery expand? Should slavery be abolished? Should slavery be contained? Southerners and northerners were divided in their opinions, which would soon lead to the American Civil War.
Slavery is often seen as the key element of the Civil War, though the war did begin as a war for emancipation. The idea that slaves were freed and immediately lived glorious lives in meadows of equality was but a dream of the chained. In fact, the amendments that were supposed to grant them some rights, specifically the 13th, which outlawed slavery, were overshadowed with the South 's imposed Black Codes. The purpose of the Black Codes was to inhibit the freedom of newly freed slaves and force them back into labor conditions much like slavery. Congress retaliated with the 14th, and later the 15th, amendments, which granted African-Americans the right to vote, and prevented discrimination of race or former status as a
But, Johnson had his own ideas about rebuilding the South. His Reconstruction plan gave amnesty to most Southerners who swore loyalty to the Union. However, high-ranking Confederates could only receive pardons by appealing to the president. This part of his plan was meant to humiliate Confederate leaders. His plan also required that Southern states outlaw slavery before they could rejoin the Union as well as ratify the Thirteenth Amendment.
For a multitude of years, African Americans were considered purchasable property, not people. When the United States ratified the Constitution and they had established their government, slavery had not been abolished. It was not until the period after The Civil War that the United States government passed the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments and African Americans had gained their long-awaited freedom and civil rights. These Reconstruction Amendments gave African Americans the right to live the American Dream. The Reconstruction Amendments helped African Americans build an American Dream by promoting their general welfare, giving them liberty, and assuring justice for all people of color.
The Civil War and the period of Reconstruction brought significant political, social, and economic changes to American society, and these effects continued into the 20th century. Post Civil War (After the Civil War – The period after the Civil War) - President Abraham Lincoln and Congress were determined to rebuild the nation. Lincoln wanted to restore the Union by readmitting the southern states that had seceded, as well as provide African Americans with more rights. Period of Conflict - However, changes that were made during Reconstruction greatly impacted the lives of many African Americans. While some efforts were made to achieve a status of equality, many suffered continuous discrimination and were denied (deprived of) their basic civil
The end of the Civil War was one of the greatest turning points in the United States history that changed the way the nation ran politically, socially and economically. The Union defeating the Southern Confederacy put forth an interracial democracy, united all states into a single nation and most importantly - abolished slavery. This gave birth to Reconstruction, a period that followed the Civil War focusing on the integration of African Americans into a society that was previously dominated by white people. Reconstructionopened a pathway to educational and economical opportunities, citizenship and freedom, and the establishment of beneficial laws and amendments for equal rights. However, the unsettling years that followed turned out to be
Southerners found themselves no longer fighting to protect the rights of their state, but fighting to keep slaves. As the news of Lincoln’s proclamation spread throughout the south, more and more slaves crossed into the union. Around one hundred and eighty thousand slaves joined the Union Army, giving them valuable information on the Confederacy and their secret locations. The Emancipation Proclamation led the way to the complete freedom of slaves. When the war ended in 1865 the Thirteenth Amendment was put into effect, completely abolishing slavery in the United States.
The Reconstruction (1865-1877) was a period during which the life of the defeated South was to be returned to normal; it was also a time when the Black Americans attained some rights thanks to Lincoln and the Republican part of the Congress and despite Johnson’s intentions. An extremely violent time, it is sometimes called “the darkest period of American history”; still, it brought many important progressive changes to the US. Abraham Lincoln is known for proclaiming the black slaves Emancipation in 1863; he was convinced that it was necessary for the North to win the war. Lincoln believed that the Confederate states needed to be reintegrated back into the US while preserving the abolition of slavery; however, the 16th President wasn’t planning