Sigmund Freud's Obsessional Psychosis In Rat Man

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As explained above, Rat Man case is an important example in order to understand obsessional neurosis. It is also mentioned that, Freud gives importance to one specific memory of the patient, which is about a Chinese torture including rats. However, Lacan chooses to focus on a different memory, and finds it more interesting, which is the one with the order of new bifocals. He claims that the elements in this story, especially the part about the repayment of debt to the lieutenant, mirrors the elements about his family history. The two main themes of Rat Man’s family are: the marriage of his father with a women who is very rich and far above his status, that brings him an upper ranking in the society and military, and the wife mocks with him about his ex-love who is a poor lady; and the shameful story of his father’s gambling, in which he lost huge amount of money and be saved by a friend on the condition to pay it back (Lacan, 1998). According to Lacan, in order to give a meaning to the obsessions, we must look at the past events of the patient’s life, which are related with his family, that has the same items with the thoughts in his obsessions. Because, in his point of view, the elements in the memories gets shuffled and coded, and then…show more content…
In classical approach, as Freud argues, the hysteria is linked with Oedipal triangle. But Lacan argues that this triangulation should be re-examined and says that there are four subjects, since the individual doubles the loved one, which is the object of desire (Salecl, 2000). Both men and women redouble their partners as a stable and an inaccessible one, in order to cope with their desire. According to him, this redoubling is common in the obsessional neurotics, and he finds several redoubled figures in Rat Man case: redoubling the object of
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