The elements of this component are quality of questions/ prompts, discussion techniques and student participation. Effective questioning techniques are associated with the types of the questions. Instead of just asking closed-questions, the teachers should vary the types of questions by asking open-ended questions to encourage the critical thinking of the students. As mentioned by Danielson (2014: 59), “Class discussion are animated, engaging all the students in important issues and promoting the use of precise language to deepen language and extend their understanding.” Hence, an effective classroom interaction is not necessarily evolved high cognitive level of lesson content, but the engagement and participation of the students is important to make sure the learning and teaching process is
The lesson wheel is also focused on the learner by means of the SMART task that is formulated according to the ability and proficiency of the learners. In the process of planning a lesson with help of the lesson wheel, the learners’ strengths and weaknesses are taken into consideration. On account of learners constructing their own meaning of information, the information that they have to deal with should interest them. The pertinent question is the part of the lesson wheel that grasps the learners’ interest and therefore it is possible for them to construct meaning from the lesson. Vygotsky introduced the concept of the More Knowledgeable Other (MKO) (2016:61) and hence learners do not necessarily have to gain knowledge from the teacher.
Likewise, this theory often described in a school education field. Richardson V (1997) mentioned that the classroom from this theory should be taught as follows. The teacher must pursuit asking students questions continually to encourage their intellectual curiosity along with a curriculum which is based on big concepts rather than specific knowledge. Also, the interactive learning should help the student to build their own knowledge that the assessment should be included this
George Boeree: Personality Theories B. F. Skinner 2. Fritz Redl and William Wattenberg: Group life and classroom discipline Learners are encouraged to understand their behaviour and actions and to know that these differ between individuals. Supports self-control. Uses pleasant or unpleasant situations to modify behaviour. Classroom discipline refers to the efforts of a teacher to help students learn to conduct themselves in a responsible manner (Charles, 2011).
It means learning new formula of knowledge, developing the new teaching methods, finding new ways of working and producing new types of professional relationships between the colleagues and learners. It highlights teaching based on recent issues over the understanding of historical systems, critical thinking and skills teaching as well as the knowledge program, co-operative and cooperative working rather than secluded preparation, and the professional autonomy instead of dependency on the central instruction. It requires a transformation in how we identify learning, from an idea of learning as teacher-centered towards learning through experience, participation, research and
School Uniform a sign of discipline and organization or limiting the freedom of the students? The answer to the above question requires analysis and research on one hand and creates a huge debate on the other hand. Educational environments such as schools provide students with education and much more. Social values such as equality and sharing are also taught in schools. The students also learn in schools how to develop and shape their personality.
Reflection Paper 1 About the explicit curriculum Vs implicit curriculum In order to clarify about preferring of explicit curriculum or implicit curriculum, the learners must be understood how both curriculums works as a field of education. Teachers designing their curriculum must consider how the environment of the classroom will impact students. A student will learn from what is taught in a class and from how that class is taught. That student will also take lessons from how her/his class and school are organized. These are the concepts of explicit and implicit curriculum, and they help educators think about the different ways students learn so they can design more effective methods of teaching.
Wright outlines a fair discussion about critical thinking intending to guide the teacher to help children to ‘think through situations where the answer is in doubt’ (2002, p.9). Throughout this chapter Wright pioneers critical thinking has a ‘practical value’ for social education, that it could help children grasp subject content in a profound and meaningful way. Examples of how to teach critical thinking are included throughout this chapter however, the lessons overlook other views of critical thinking as a process of developing skills and sub-skills. Wright (2011) generalises that critical thinking involves questioning from the higher end of the cognitive domain according to Blooms Taxonomy; ‘analyses, synthesis and evaluation’ (2002, p51). Meanwhile, Facione (2011, p. 6), who also supports critical thinking for social education, suggests skills such as: interpretation, analysis, evaluation, inference, explanation and self-regulation are developed as a process when teaching critical thinking.
Abstract In original usage, student-centric learning aims to develop learner autonomy and independence by putting responsibility for the learning path in the hands of students. Student-centric instruction focuses on skills and practices that enable lifelong learning and independent problem-solving. Student- centric learning puts students ' interests first, acknowledging student voice as central to the learning experience. In a student-centric classroom, students choose what they will learn, how they will learn, and how they will assess their own learning. student-centric learning requires students to be active, responsible participants in their own learning and with their own pace of learning Usage of the term "student-centric learning" may also simply refer to educational mindsets or
This can be minimized if the teacher plans the lessons and focus more on student centered learning in accordance with the theory “constructivism”. Constructivist theory emphasizes more on student’s involvement. Constructivist teaching is based on the belief that learning occurs as learners are actively involved in a process of meaning and knowledge construction as opposed to passively receiving information. Learners are the makers of meaning and knowledge. ("Constructivism As A Paradigm For Teaching And Learning") The arrangement of the class which I have observed (seating arrangement as groups) helps the children practice cooperative learning which engages the children in tasks in the class.