Fennel, a flowering plant species in the carrot family, is used to represent adultery and foolishness. Revealed in the first act of the play, the new King, Claudius, married the Queen, Gertrude, only days after King Hamlet’s death. Hamlet is torn apart by this, expressing anger and declaring their relationship “incestuous”. With this information, Ophelia would have gifted both Claudius and Gertrude fennel to represent the betrayal of Gertrude’s relationship with King Hamlet. Many scholars, including Linda Bamber, professor at Tufts University, argue that Gertrude was cheating on her husband with Claudius while he was still alive, and thus adultery can be used to describe both the new King and old Queen.
The second thing that the ghost told Hamlet was that he should do no harm to his mother, even though she married her husband’s murderer. Before the ghost leaves, he said to Hamlet to remember him. After Hamlet had his speech with his dead father, his goal was to avenge the King Hamlet’s death. Hamlet had many chances to kill Claudius and get over with his revenge, but he hesitated most of the times. The first time that Hamlet had the opportunity to kill his dad’s murderer was after the “Mousetrap”, which was the play that presents the true story of a murder carried out in Vienna.
William Shakespeare conveys the theme, deception, throughout the play to give a moral lesson and to captivate the audiences. The main theme, deception, can be seen through the structure, dramatic techniques and the use of language. Deception is the act of causing someone to accept as true or valid what is false or invalid. Firstly, Shakespeare uses the structure, for example enjambment, sentence length, caesura and prose, to create the main theme, deception, in the text. This can be seen in ‘When?’, ‘As I descended?’ and ‘Hark, who lies i’th’second chamber?’ The repeated use of punctuation ‘?’ makes the audiences to feel anxiety since it shows that Macbeth worries about his crime and perfection of his deceiving others.
Furthermore, in the story betrayal was shown when hamlets talk to the ghost and discover that the ghost is father telling him that Claudius has killed him by poisoning him in the ear. The ghost tells Hamlet, “The will of my most seeming-virtuous/ queen: Sleeping within my orchard, /thy uncle stole, and in my ears did pour the distilment”. (10). This quote shows how Claudius betrayed his own family just to get the throne and rule the kingdom. Additionally, when Hamlet killed Polonius he thought it was a rat and he said to his mother Gertrude, “How now!
To start off his trickery, his entire title and position was gained with mischievous ways. He murdered the first King of Denmark in secrecy so he could usurp the throne and make the Queen his own. No one would suspect Claudius as the murderer due to his relation as the brother to the late King. Later on in the story, Claudius is suspecting Hamlet of not only being crazy, but possibly learning of the murder. With his words and power as King, he sent Hamlet to England to “get better” from his illness.
Deception is an action driven with the motive to employ one purpose which can be to mislead another individual in order to gain knowledge, to get revenge, or to reveal a plan unknown to the public eye and keeping it that way for the dutiful well-being of the Kingdom of Denmark. In the tragedy Hamlet by William Shakespeare, deception develops into the character trait that initiates the actions, heartbreak, and revenge driving this play. This attribute held by Hamlet is the leading cause of this same flaw development in Ophelia, King Claudius, and many others in an attempt to reinforce the theme. This theme is one of heroism, but the deceptive notion each action reveals challenges the perception the reader has on each of the main characters. In order to be able to fully analyze the part Hamlet’s deception plays in driving the plot and storyline of this tragedy, one must understand that a foil character juxtaposes each character to illuminate their shortcomings.
Hamlet was agonized by this news and professed his love for the late Ophelia in a challenging likeness with Laertes. Everything came to a conclusion in this very room when Hamlet and Laertes playfully battled with swords. What started out as a game ended in the poisoning of the queen by her new husband. This occurred just prior to Hamlet and Laertes poisoning each other with a venomous sword and then Hamlet avenging his father murdered the scheming king Claudius. This tragic scene must contain some poetic justice as Hamlet did indeed get his revenge.
Hamlet Character deception is a common characteristic that has and will be a reflecting characteristic in literature for centuries. In many of William Shakespeare’s tragedies, deception, whether positive or negative, is being used to mislead, to protect characters, or to hide a crime or future crime. Analyzing why the characters are using deception against each other is very important to the reader’s understanding of the work as a whole. In William Shakespeare’s Hamlet, He uses Hamlet’s deception of character and also the character’s use of deception towards Hamlet to carry out the overall theme of the tragedy.The theme that is represented, is that in able to get malicious revenge, you must be able to act as if you are someone different than your true self while in turn, being able to deal with others deceiving you. This could lead these characters to an undesirable ending.
Metaphors are used by Shakespeare to compare Claudius to a deathly creature, while nobody realizes his mal intentions. This is shown when the Ghost informs Hamlet: “But know, thou noble youth, The serpent that did sting thy father’s life / Now wears his crown” (1.5.45-47). The word “serpent” is used for two reasons: Claudius told Hamlet that a serpent
“Fair is foul, and foul is fair”. Equivocation. Equivocation is the use of deliberately misleading words to mislead people. The use of such equivocation is frequent in William Shakespeare’s Macbeth, being integral to its plot by driving much of the action. The vile witches manage to cultivate the subconscious desire to be king in Macbeth.