CHAPTER-3 ARTIFICIAL BEE COLONY ALGORITHM 2.1 INTRODUCTION In the previous chapter, we have seen how the exact and approximate algorithms can’t be used for the big sized problems. In some problems, these algorithms show really a very good performance but when size of the problem is increased their performance got degraded. Due to their limitations meta-heuristics came into the existence. The basic concepts of meta-heuristics have already been discussed. Nowadays, most of the optimization algorithms are based on the natural behavior of the swarms of insects like flock of birds, ants, bees, etc.
Although they are attracted to a wide variety of food materials, house flies have mouthparts which enable them to ingest only liquid materials. Solid materials are liquefied by means of regurgitated saliva. This liquefied food is then drawn up by the mouthparts and passed onto the digestive tract. During daylight hours, House Flies will rest on floors, walls and ceilings indoors. Outdoors they will rest on plants, on the ground, on fence wires, garbage cans and other similar surfaces.
Ruby-Throated Hummingbirds The Ruby-throated Hummingbird (Archilochus colubris) is just 1 of 339 species of hummingbirds found worldwide. These unique birds spend the warm seasons in North America, then migrate to Central America for the cold seasons. This tiny bird is the only one of its kind that breeds east of the Mississippi River. So many people love watching the amazing birds hover around their hummingbird feeders that hang on their property in the spring and summer. Most people only know that these hummingbirds are tiny, fast, and love their feeders that are full of sugary goodness.
Davis and Sutton (1998) recommends that light is key in determining the dispersal of many insects as well as butterflies are vertically stratified from the ground of the canopy. Research by DeVries (1997) suggests that study of upright stratification in butterflies have verified a unique canopy fauna compared with understory. This is because the differences in the light environment in the canopy compared with the
The common examples of swarm intelligence are Ant colony, Bird flocks, Bees colony etc. This type of group work can be incorporated to build any artificial intelligent system which will be flexible and robust with direct or indirect interactions. In this paper we are discussing about some of the Swarm Intelligence models such as, Ant colony Optimization
ZY2005 Invertebrate Diversity Essay Carausius morosus Carausius morosus is more commonly known as the Indian Stick Insect. The Indian Stick Insect is a member of the class Insecta and Subclass Pterygota. Insects are the only members of the Arthropods (Phylum Arthropoda) that have wings. They are also recognisable by the presence of three separate pairs of legs. There are more than 900,000 different known species of insects on the planet, with many more yet to be discovered.
Insects are a class of invertebrates that have been around for 350 million years now. 2 out 3 living things are insects. One of the most common insects that we come across in our daily lives `is ants. The aim of this paper is to draw attention to a particular specie of ant that is one of a kind and has intrigued people all over the world. The ant specie that this paper is going to focus on is Honey pot ants.
BIOL1003 Information Literacy Assignment: What are the relationships between Galapagos finches and South American finches? The search engine which was used was Google Chrome, this is the first choice search engine for many people as it provides most relevant and recent information about the searched topic. Search terms: • “Relationship between Galapagos finches and South American finches” • “Galapagos finch” • “South American finch” • “Finches bird species” • “Darwin’s Finches” The relationship between the two different types of finches is mainly based on what Charles Darwin had said and wrote about the two birds and how they came about. It is believed that the Galapagos finches originated from its South American cousins, many years back
They are equipped with two pairs of independently controlled wings granting an unmatchable flying performance and robustness (Cauceiro et al., 2011). In dragonfly morphology,they have strong thorax and flying muscle that are adapted remarkably (Asahina et al., 2013). adult dragonflies are well adapted in flying and catching their prey as they flight.dragonflies can reach the speed of 97kilometer/hour and they are able to adapt to fly backwards,sideways,hover and change their direction in flash.The wing of dragonfly cannot be folded at rest and fused to the flight muscle in their thorax area,thus when their muscle contract,their wing beats
Self-organising systems has been inspired by the behaviour of the insect societies. Grasse, who explored the field of self-organising system since 1953, discovered that the change form that these insect societies occur without existing any central point of control. The insect societies was not the only societies or system that has been demonstrating the self organisation system, but planetary systems, organic cells, living organisms and animal societies has many existing systems demonstrate self organisation as well. The reason that these systems are considered as self-organisation systems, is that they show frequent properties inherent to self-organisation. Self-organising systems are playing a big role in many scientific areas such as biology, chemistry ,geology, sociology and information technology, and considerable research has so far been undertaken to study them.