Characteristics Of Bullying

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What is Bullying? Bullying is aggressive behavior that is intentional and that involves an imbalance of power or strength. Bullying can take many forms, such as hitting, kicking, threatening another, teasing, name-calling, excluding from a group, or sending mean notes or e-mails. How common is bullying? Approximately 30 percent of all children and youth in grades 9 through 14 have been bullied or have bullied other children "sometimes" or more often within a semester. Effects of Bullying: Bullying can have serious effects on children who are bullied. These children are more likely than their peers to be depressed, lonely, and anxious; have low self-esteem. Children who bully: Children who bully tend to have average or above average self-esteem. Other characteristics may include:  Impulsive, hot-headed personalities.  Lack of empathy.  Difficulty conforming to rules.  Positive attitudes toward violence. What works in preventing Bullying? There are many school-based bullying prevention programs. Although they vary in size and scope, the most promising programs incorporate the following characteristics:  A focus on creating a school-wide environment, or climate that discourages bullying,  Surveys of students to assess the nature and extent of bullying behavior and attitudes toward bullying,  Training to prepare staff to recognize and respond to bullying,  Development of consistent rules against bullying,  Review and enhancement of the school’s disciplinary code

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