Cultural relativism asserts the fact that each culture has its own type of coherent understanding (Heintz 2009 : 5.) In other words, a culture must be judged in context of its history, origin as well as the people who follow it. There are many examples that exist in various cultures where practices can be often viewed as primitive and often
Humanity is split into two categories of individuals with manifestly different clothes, faces, bodies, smiles, movements, interests, and occupations. They exist in a strikingly obvious way. We cannot define ourselves as “One” without knowing who’s “Other” or opposite us. De Beauvoir defines the other as something that is relative. Although one may think of himself as subject, the subject may find himself/herself being the other depending on the circumstances.
In modern day America, sexual promiscuity does not hold the same negative connotation as it did in the past. A much higher percentage of people are participating in sexual relations at a younger age. Sexual behaviors are an important topic in both Brave New World and 1984. The authors, Aldous Huxley and George Orwell respectively, use the theme of sexual morality with completely different implications. In Brave New World, citizens are encouraged to embrace their sexual impulses and not deny themselves, while in 1984 the denizens are told to suppress any urges for pleasure.
Culture is the characteristics and knowledge of a racial, religious, or social group of people, ranging from language, religion, cuisine, social habits, and music and arts. There are many types of culture with different groups of people. Cultures also differentiate people from each other by the activities that they do and by what they is or is not normal for one culture that may be a disrespectful act for the other, so this may in some cases cause several problems between the people of different cultures. Culture is also an integrated pattern of human knowledge, belief, and behavior that depends upon the capacity for learning and transmitting knowledge to succeeding generations. It can also be defined as ‘the set of shared attitudes, values, goals, and practices that characterizes an institution or organization.’ The characteristics of culture may include, culture being learned by an individual that is through acquaintance and influence of personality and lifestyle, a thought or an action is considered a culture when it is shared and believed or practiced by a group of people, culture being cumulative as different knowledge embodied in culture are passed from one generation to another as more knowledge is added in the particular culture as
Charles Tilly had the idea that people have rational choices to make to defend their deeds (Tilly 2005: 24). With respect to his ideas, Culture creates, transforms and in many cases, ties and binds social boundaries in the society. Depending on the kind of bond made, culture variation can distinguish people into ethnic groups, races, religions.
In other words they are both opened to having several meanings. They both have characteristics in which everyone will interpret differently. Some people may misunderstand what another person is trying to gesture or express. Both verbal communication and nonverbal communication are limited in character by belonging to a particular culture. They both obey certain norms in their societies.
But still, language in societies may take numerous forms and discussion of the specific forms is necessary in order to portray the language of a social group. What is more, there is a chance that a general public is multilingual (having many speakers counted, utilizing couple of dialects might be noticeable). Moreover, above all, it has to be understood that such definitions are not autonomous. Each dialect varies to some degree in two dimensions – places and groups. There is a term called language variation to show that language cannot be described as uniform.
And, most of the times we tend to judge other’s behaviour based on our own cultural beliefs, which dims our minds receptiveness to new perspectives and possibilities and allowing lots of opportunities for potential conflict, misunderstandings and miscommunication between many people. Furthermore, distinct cultural beliefs of people also lead to different behaviour among people, behaviour that is different from their normal behaviour. So, it is important that we learn and appreciate these differences to work effectively with people from other cultures and
When talking about groupings, there are some aspects that have to be considered. Firstly, it is necessary to take a moment in order to identify and describe the similitudes that someone shares with his current social environment. Secondly, with this analysis, it will be easier to move on the roots: background. During this part, the goal will be to gather information about a person’s nature as a way of justifying his preferences when relating with others. Finally, with all this information, one can foresee the possibilities to become exposed and influenced by new cultures, and obtain a richer perception of the multiculturalism in oneself PART 1: Groupings I Belong to Everything starts at home, little boy!
In this scenario, co-facilitation might help drive the process with the notion of two heads being better than one and whereby there is a stronger likelihood that issues and problems can be resolved and more positive outcomes can be achieved (Hogan, C., 2002). Another area where co-facilitation might prove beneficial is in relation to factors of gender or age. All members relate differently to men and women as a result of their own values and beliefs and they can make judgements about a person’s age such as their suitability or ability which can all affect the group interaction and process. Therefore, it might be appropriate to have the same sex facilitators or different sex facilitators or those differing in age depending on the type of group and subject matter involved (Prendiville, P., 2004). Advantages/Disadvantages of