In order to comprehend the curriculum, you must understand that there needs to be a balance between content and skills which is achieved through ongoing discussions with other educators. Among the instruction portion it is key to know that the purpose is not to cover the curriculum, but uses the instruction flexibly to maximize learning for all students. And most controversially is the topic of grades. Two key factors are reviewed; first, grades should never come as a surprise, second, grading doesn’t improve learning but merely summarizes what has been learned. A recurring line that Cooper emphasizes throughout his work is that schools and teachers must maximize learning for all students.
For example, they conduct formative assessment. Formative Assessment is part of our instructional process. It provides the information needed to adjust teaching and learning while they are happening. In this sense, formative assessment informs both teachers and students about student understanding at a point when timely adjustments can be made. These adjustments help to ensure students achieve, targeted standards-based learning goals within a set time frame.
Established learning: teacher and student roles in the learning process should be established. Teachers need to create an environment where student can establish trust and mutual respect, as well as experience harmless constructive feedback. As defined by Bell & Cowie (2001), there are nine characteristics of formative assessment: responsiveness; source of evidence; tacit process; use of professional knowledge and experience; integral measures between teaching and learning; assessments by teacher and student; purpose; appropriateness of process; and predicaments. Vigilant observation of students progression, allows the teacher to see beyond assumptions and predictions, and provide information to better understand and support learning outcomes used to determine students understanding.
Sadker & Sadker (2017) believes that, “behind every school and every teacher is a set of related beliefs--a philosophy of education--that influences what and how students are taught. A philosophy of education represents answers to questions about the purpose of schooling, a teacher's role, and what should be taught and by what methods” (Chapter 9). I seek to adopt the progressivism approach. Progressive education rejects traditional education as it is child-centred and not subject-centred (Reedy, 2017). My Philosophy of education requires me to ask myself questions on why do I teach, what do I teach and how do I teach.
However, Counts differs from Dewey in the fact that he strongly believed the school system should be aware of what they preach. In fact, Counts calls in to question the Progressive Educator’s agenda, saying, "On the one hand, they speak continually about the reconstructing society through education; and on the other, they apparently live
Understanding the power of words and what teachers model to the learner Rogers terms “corrective discipline” and lastly, “supportive discipline” is described as creating a positive and enriched learning environment that also includes the student in developing resolutions to discipline issues (Rogers p. 4). However, Rogers asserts, it is the teacher’s philosophical position, both implicit and explicit, that will be
This defines the roles of the teacher and the learners in the learning process which states that the learners will be the focus of the teaching-learning process. The teacher’s role is to facilitate learning by utilizing the interests and unique abilities of learners to reach a goal. On the other hand, the learners’ role is an active participant rather than a passive one. This means that the learner will be involved in tasks that will help him reach the goal of learning.
Curriculum models provide a structure for teachers to “systematically and transparently map out the rationale for the use of particular teaching, learning and assessment approaches” in the classroom, and are regarded as an effective and essential framework for successful teachers (O’Neill 2015, p27). Feeding into a particular curricular stance, it is essential to recognise the multiplicity of sources which will govern this individual framework. Oronstein and Hunkins observe that, when designing a curricular stance, educators must first consider the “philosophical and learning theories” which will inform their “design decisions” (2009, p182). This approach is essential to ensure that the curricular approaches one selects are “consonant with
That we should be able to follow a path and grow. Where knowledge is thrown upon us and we must make the sacrifice to become a “sage” and not only make sacrifices but to succeed in what we want. That we must want to learn from someone with higher education and more knowledge aka “the professor” because they have been down the path we are on now. So we can become successful and be able to answer to our self and Hsun Tzu believes. Between the other authors I do believe we have this “banking concept” educational system in our schools.
For this outcome I chose the CE 240 Unit 6 assigment. With this artifact a demonstrate my knowledge of appropriate observational and assessment techniques and planning for children and their families. I chose this artifact because it shows how I will prepare and plan for children with a specific disability. In this assignment I demonstrate my ability to arrange the learning environment to encourage children with specific needs to reach their learning goals. Observation is one of the most vital skill for early childhood educator.