How did the Theban war impacted Sophocles and the writing of Antigone? Antigone was written about a year after the Theban war. The Theban war was a war between, “two brothers Eteocles and Polynices, who died fighting each other for the throne of Thebes after Eteocles had refused to give up the crown to his brother as their father Oedipus had prescribed. Creon, the new ruler of Thebes”(Antigone) In this we see how selfish and power hungry each brother is to rule the city of Thebes, and
In part two, Persia is defeated as they try to invade Greece in 490 BCE. After their victory, Themistocles is elected into power and builds a great naval force. When Persia attacks a second time, they are eradicated once again. Pericles, Themistocles
Throughout ancient history, there have been many ancient battles in which had two great and powerful empires were fighting due to control over land, one’s belief system, and wanting an abundance of resources. Of these empires, two of them, the Greek and the Persian, were at enmity with each other. These empires were about as similar as the moon and the son, in fact, they were almost polar opposites. Although in many instances the Persian and the Greek empires have an abundance of differences, there are also some similarities. Persia was founded by Cyrus the Great.
Herodotus begins by describing the reasons for Darius invading Scythians. The Scythians, a century ago, invaded Media and defeated those who stood against them, thus starting the conflict with Persians. For the next twenty-eight years, they lorded the Upper Asia before returning home, only to discover a small army opposing their entrance (Herodotus, P.129) While the Scythians men were abroad, the women had intermarried with their slaves. Instead of fighting with the slaves, the military walked boldly into their territory because they thought that if they hold spears against their slaves, then the slaves might imagine themselves their equals. Moreover, Herodotus provides various accounts of the origin of these nomadic people including the Scythians
The accounts of the defeat of Babylon from Herodotus and the Cyrus Cylinder are polar opposite, one defeat is through attack while the other is a peaceful take over. Herodotus’ version indicates that Cyrus was led by a need for power, Herodotus writes that after “having subdued the rest of the continent, [Cyrus] turned his attention to Assyria” (78). In Herodotus’ account, after Cyrus spent an entire summer “punishing” a river, he was met with Babylonians awaiting his arrival, and they “attacked him, but they were defeated and forced to retire inside their defences” (83). In order to concur Babylon, Cyrus manipulated Euphrates, allowing his troops to capture the outskirts “without the people in the centre knowing anything about it” (Herodotus 84). Herodotus’ version also states that the people of Babylon were happy before Cyrus invaded the city, they were celebrating during a festival and “continued to dance and enjoy themselves, until they learned the news the hard way” (84).
At the Battle of Gaugamela 331 BC in Persia some chroniclers claim that Persian king Darius III use some foot-traps against the army of Alexander the Great. However, after the death of Alexander the Great, his heirs/successors divided the country into several Hellenistic monarchies which had fought each other. It was noted that they used wooden balls whit spikes in these battles for supremacy. Romans adopted this weapon from Hellenistic armies and successfully used it against the enemies. Vegetius, the Roman writer wrote that war-chariot used by Mitridates of Antiochus At first, causing fear among the Romans, but later, the Romans throw caltrop on the field of battle, and horses that draw chariots running full speed into them and were
Never before had he suffered such a devastating loss. Following the loss, and Napoleon’s rejection of a peace treaty; the French people turned on Napoleon. Soon he was exiled to the island of Elba. A year later, he rose again and regained control of France for one-hundred days. Finally, he faced his ultimate demise, the Battle of Waterloo.
Xenophon, who authored The Constitution of the Spartans, was born approximately 430 BC and he died in 354 BC. Xenophon lived during the Peloponnesian War, which was a war fought between Athens and Sparta. What is interesting about Xenophon is the fact that he was born an Athenian, but he was a Spartan supporter. During his exile from Athens, he found safety in Sparta, and it was there that he became a strong advocator for Spartan policies and government. The second author, Strabo, was born in Amasia in Pontus, approximately 63 BC and died in approximately 24 AD.
When the Athenian leader Alcibiades outwitted the Spartans in battle in 408 BC, Clearchus abandoned the city, and the area again became Athenian. Later, however, Sparta regained control when Lysander defeated the Athenians in 405 BCE. This final defeat cut off the Athenian food supply, forcing them to surrender to Sparta in 404 BCE, thereby ending the Peloponnesian War. The following year Byzantium faced a threat from the Thracians to the west and sought help of Sparta who took control of the city. Around 390 BCE the city changed hands again when the Athenian general Thrasybulus ended Spartan