Characteristics Of Harappan Civilization

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Assignment Raguru Venkat 1210110153 Write an essay on the features that would enable us to characterize the Harappan civilization as urban. Harappa was a city in the Indus valley civilization that existed around the years 3300 to 1700 BCE in the South Asia. Indus valley civilization was an ancient civilization that flourished in the Indus and Ghaggar-Hakra river valleys, along with the north western parts of India, Afghanistan and Turkmenistan. The discovery was made when Harappa, the fist city of Indus valley, was excavated. Urbanization is defined as the process by which large numbers of people become permanently concentrated in relatively small areas, forming cities. This process has begun during the early Harappan phase. There are three main phases of Indus valley civilization. They are: 1)Early Harappan Phase 2)Mature Harappan Phase 3)Late Harappan Phase 1)Early Harappan Phase: The Early Harappan phase flourished from 3300 BC to 2800 BC. This phase is related to Hakra, identified in the Ghaggar-Hakra river valley. This phase stands characterized by 'centralized authority ' and an increasingly 'urban quality ' of life. Trade networks were established and domestication of crops took place. Dates, sesame seeds, peas, cotton, etc., were some of the crops gown during this time. Kot diji represents this phase leading to Mature Harappan phase. 2)Mature

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