Characteristics Of Honey Bee

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Honey Bee
The study of honey bees is known as melittology. Honey bees give us honey, beeswax, and the fertilization of cropbearing plants. Honeybees live in large colonies of 20,000 to 80,000 bees. Honey Bees live in a nest, called a "hive." A single hive can have up to 80,000 bees, mostly workers. It is usually located in a hollow tree. Honey Bees eat nectar and pollen from flowers. Queen bees eat royal jelly. Royal jelly is a paste made by worker bees. Fig.1.Scientific Classification of Honey Bee
Known Honeybee Species
• Apis Mellifera (Common Honeybee)
• Apis Dorsata (Giant Honeybee)
• Apis Laboriosa (Giant Honeybee)
• Apis Cerana (Italian Honeybee)
• Apis Florea (Dwarf Honeybee) Fig.2. Morphology of Honey Bee Fig.3. Anatomy of Honey Bee
Why Are Honey Bees Successful?
• Bees Are Social (Eusocial).
• Reproductive division of work.
• Have sterile castes.
• Overlapping generations.
• Cooperate in care of young.

As in a few other types of eusocial bees, a colony generally contains one queen bee, a fertile female; seasonally up to a few thousand drone bees, or fertile males and tens of thousands of sterile female worker bees. Details vary among the different species of honey bees, but common features include:
1. Eggs are laid singly in a cell in a wax honeycomb, produced and shaped by the worker bees. Using her spermatheca, the queen actually can choose to fertilize the egg she is laying, usually depending on into which cell she is laying.

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