This new knowledge was taken by the Europeans after The First Crusade occurred. From mosques to coins, Islamic art and architecture grew to very high standards, which are still here today (Hart-Davis, 2007). A very famous work of architecture,is, The Dome of The Rock which was built in 691 BCE - 692 BCE by an Umayyad Caliph Abd Al-Malik. The Dome of The Rock
Through the introduction of common tax system, laws and coinage, Islam was able to unite the new conquered lands. The Islamic empire was ruled by the Umayyads from 661, with its base at Damascus, in Syria. The Abbasids seized power in 750 and the caliphs were based at Baghdad. During the reign of the Abbasid Caliph Harun ar-Rashid, from 786 to 809, Baghdad was acknowledged as the House of Wisdom. Scholars from various parts of the world translate and gathered all knowledge into Arabic language.
It was very clear, at that time that “Iraq’s population [will] compose mainly, of two racial groups, Arabs and Kurds, and two religious groups, the Muslem Shi’at and Sunni sects” , but this diversity hasn’t taken into account of Allied Powers, while the most important thing in this state shaping was Oil. In fact Oilfields are concentrated in South where the Shi’ats is to be shown as a majority, and in North where Kurds are represent
The positive impact of Islam on Kazakh culture Culture is complex whole, which includes religion, traditions, beliefs, morals, knowledges, customs, and any other facilities and habits obtained by man as a member of society (Tylor 1871). Islam is a major religion of Republic of Kazakhstan (Omelicheva 2011). It played immensely essential role in the formation of Kazakh ethnic culture and national consciousness. Islamic teaching patterns In Kazakhstan have been extremely consistent since Arabic people that traded on the Silk Road first preached the faith among Kazakh people the eighth century. Moreover, other religions beside Islam were widespread in Kazakh steeps.
The Ottoman Dynasty ruled for more than 600 years over the eastern Mediterranean. Muhammad Ali was an Ottoman Albanian commander in the Ottoman army, who rose to the rank of Pasha, and became Wāli, and self-declared Khedive of Egypt and Sudan with the Ottomans' temporary approval. He commissioned a mosque in memory of Tuson Pasha, Muhammad Ali’s oldest son. The design of the mosque was derived from mosque of Sultan Ahmed in Istanbul. Construction of the walls, domes and minaret had been completed by the time of Ali Pasha's death.
SULTAN QABOOS GRAND MOSQUE General Information: The Sultan Qaboos grand mosque is located in Muscat, Oman, designed by Mohammed Saleh Makiya and Quad Design for His Majesty Sultan Qaboos to be the largest most beautiful mosque in Oman, and to stand out a unique piece of architecture. The mosques can be visited by non-Muslims except on Friday, and it is considered as a contemporary Islamic architecture. Construction: The conceptual design of the mosque started at 1992, while the construction took 6 years starting from 1995 ending 2001. The mosque is constructed on a raised podium to lift the mosque from the street level and this is a feature of Omani traditional mosques. The reason behind the slow moving of construction is reflecting the amount
Introduction: Abul Hasan Ali bin Muhammad bin Habib-al-Mawardi was born in 974 AD. He was the first writer in the entire Islamic history who wrote on the subject of political theory. He received traditional education and has done much work on subjects like law, Quran and ethics. But his principal concerns were government and administration, and most of his work is about running the government at all levels and world of law. He is one of the most learned jurists in the history of Islam.
Putrajaya Boulevard • Perdana Putra Perdana Putra is the office for the Prime Minister and it has become synonymous with the executive branch of the Malaysian federal government. It is located at the top of hill in Putrajaya. The structural design is influenced by Malay, Islamic and European cultures as such Palladian and Neoclassicism. The design of the building is based on Islamic Mogul architecture’s elements in its green-glazed roof, onion shapes dome and wrought iron motifs of the hibiscus, which is Malaysia’s national flower. The building is at the beginning of the Putrajaya Boulevard.
THEORY OF SETTLEMENTS STRUCTURE OF SHAHJAHANABAD Submitted by, Kataru Venkata Sai B.Arch (II-C) A/2706/2014 Shahjahan's Delhi, is today more easily seen than all the Delhi's built before it. The scale on which emperor built was also of great courage, as can be noticed from the Jama Masjid and red fort. Shahjahanabad is a walled city,and some of its gates still stand. The interaction of streets of Delhi can be experienced best in and around the streets of Chandni Chowk. Ten gates are connected to the city shajahanabad.
During what is known as the Golden Age of Islam, which lasted between the mid of 8th century until the 15th century, the Muslim world was the center of intellectual activity, with Baghdad serving as the capital of philosophers, mathematicians and scientists. Great centers of learning were founded in Baghdad, Damascus, Cairo and Cordoba. This academia later on served as models for the European