Mangrove Forest Composition The Fisheries Code defines mangroves as a community of intertidal plants including all species of trees shrubs, vines and herbs found on coasts swamps or on border of swamps. Mangroves are among the most important components of the coastal ecosystems. They are essential for the following reasons: they serve as habitats for species of marine fauna and flora, especially breeding and nesting grounds for fish, along with food and livelihoods for local communities; they can provide protection from the impacts of climate change, including sea-level rises and coastal erosion caused by storm surges and extreme weather events; they are also good source of important commodities such as food, fuel, timber, medicine and building
Abstract Through this study, we will highlight the mangrove plants in Jazan area by using advance mathematical models, because of its importance and great benefit,and summed up the importance of these plants in the sea shores to prevent corrosion and bring a large number of migratory birds. They are also resistant to the difficult circumstances that other plants cannot and contain nutrients that are used as animal feed privileged. Unfortunately, these plants are reduced to drift due to the ongoing reclamation processes that occur on the Red Sea coast. This research aims to use fuzzy topology in the diagnosis of the current situation of the mangrove plants scattered on the coast of Jazan area using fuzzy interior operator and fuzzy closure
Water mites and water fleas etc. live among the stones and gravel in the shady part of the pond. These small invertebrates feed on algae. Sticklebacks enjoy the shade provided by the lily pads and feed on algae and small invertebrates. Twenty common newts feed in the pond.
The Mediterranean Loggerhead Sea Turtles tend to nest in the eastern side of the the sea on the coasts of Greece, Cyprus, Israel, Turkey, and parts of northeast Libya and Egypt (Zbinden, Aebischer, Margaritoulis, Arlettaz, 2007). The female adult Loggerheads lay eggs on the beach (terrestrial ecosystem), preferably with coarse sand and a steep incline. The beaches tend to be wide with low dunes in the rear and flat sandy shorelines. However, this is a generalization. Detailed characteristics of the beaches can vary greatly between regions.
They break down dead biological matter and waste products and convert them into useable energy; returning important materials to the environment. Decomposers are a particular important feature in the Great Barrier Reef considering the heavy bio-load. Main decomposers inside the reef include bacteria, sea cucumbers, some species of snails, crabs and bristle worms. Bacteria sis not only vital for the Great Barrier Reef’s food web, but is also said by scientists that it could be the key to keeping the coral healthy and able to withstand the impacts of global warming. Dr Tracy Ainsworth stated “it is very likely that these microorganisms play a vital role in the capacity of coral to recovering from bouts of bleaching caused by rising temperatures.” Corals rely on these good bacteria’s crucially although we don’t yet understand these microbe’s ell enough to know how they influence coral survival, which is vital in maintaining the food web of the Great Barrier Reef.
This sector was projected to account for nearly 24 percent of the GDP in 2011 (WRI, 2011). Burke and Maidens (2004) in their book pointed out that coral reefs “supply much of the sand for the region’s beautiful beaches and lure divers and snorkelers…to come and explore the reefs’ colorful and mysterious depths” (p. 55). This provides a valid case that coral reefs play a fundamental role in the Caribbean’s thriving tourism industry, including that of Montego Bay, Jamaica. Jamaica’s white coralline beaches signify a main draw for international holidaymakers, and hence provide a critically important contribution to Jamaica’s economy. One of the best ways to highlight the economic contributions of coral reefs to Jamaica’s economy is through the analysis of the dive tourism sector.
Vegetation is also aesthetically appealing unlike the unsightly gabions and other hard-engineering measures. Mangroves also serve as a natural protection against floods that tend to destroy sea walls which are destroyed by waves of high energies. This can be seen in the example of
For the first few years of their lives they just float at sea. They are omnivores when they are young. They feed on plankton, jellyfish, crabs and, other invertebrates. As they began growing they become strictly herbivores. Where their diet strictly is seagrass and algae.
Squids are an important source of food for marine organisms. • Some marine fishes are also in a quandary due to ocean acidification as their larvae cannot develop properly in higher acidic environment and even may not survive in such environment. Due to the greater acidic strength of the ocean water, more heat produced in the ocean. Both these factors combine to make the ocean environment unfavorable for the marine organisms. Experimental evidence suggests that if these trends continue, marine organisms such as corals and some plankton will face difficulty in maintaining their external calcium carbonate