Importance Of Mangroves Essay

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Where do they form?
- In tropical and subtropical areas, mainly between latitudes 25° N and 25° S
- Shrubs and tree species that live along shores, rivers and estuaries.
- Most live on muddy soil, some on sand, peat and coral rock.
- Can live in water 100 saltier than other plants’ tolerance.

Characteristics of Mangroves
- Cope with salt: Saltwater can kill plants, so mangroves must extract freshwater from the seawater that surrounds them. Many mangrove species survive by filtering out as much as 90 percent of the salt found in seawater as it enters their roots. Some species excrete salt through glands in their leaves. These leaves, which are covered with dried salt crystals, taste salty if you lick them. A third strategy used by some mangrove
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- Some mangroves will reproduce through extending its root to for daughter plant from the parent plant.

Why are mangroves important?
Importance of Mangroves in Coastal System
- Always appear with seagrass beds and coral reefs.
- Trap sediments that would otherwise flow into the sea.
- Seagrass beds provide a further barrier to silts and muds that could smother the coral reefs.
- In return, coral reefs protect mangroves and seagrass beds from strong ocean waves.
- Whole ecosystem breaks down without the existence of Mangroves.
Nursery Grounds and Home for Many Species
- Provides ideal breeding grounds for most of the world’s fish, shrimps, crabs and shellfish.
- Many fish species, such as barracuda, tarpon, and snook, find shelter among the mangrove roots as juveniles, head out to forage in the seagrass beds as they grow, and move into the open ocean as adults.
- An estimated 75 percent of commercially caught fish spend some time in the mangroves or depend on food webs that can be traced back to these coastal forest.
- Provides habitats for thousands of

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