He says that justice involves the idea of equality. He goes on to argue that the use of justice can’t be described in terms of the idea that justice and generality, as a legal ideal, might share. Laws should be very clear and it should be specified as to which norms have the status of law. Hart discusses this and takes the stand that they should not be the end-all of legal morality. Thus, as far as primary rules are concerned, Hart argues that there is a need for certainty, so that these rules can be applied by general public without any official guidance.
“The oracles of law” as Holmes says it (Holmes, 2006), enables lawyers to predict the consequence, which is all that matters! But, what has to be taken into consideration is the fact that, judges do not decide a case in vacuum. They do not merely ‘apply’ the laws. They might take a technical or non- technical view of the case. Various case laws, the facts of the case and other factors are taken into consideration before the judge forms a concrete decision.
The common-factor for the information in this paper is that they are all based on thorough-evaluated research. The sources in the paper include EU reports, many of them directly from the EU Commission, Council and Parliament, reports from the Danish Ministry of Transport, interviews with relevant persons from the industry and the academic literature overall. After outlining the history of economic integration and studying the relevant directives, the paper will make use of the analytical framework presented in the Sanchez and Heene textbook, covering the business concept and organization in order to reach a strategic logic in the operating model of Lufthansa. Finally, the paper concludes with a series of recommendations based on the obtained knowledge of the air transport market integration in Europe. These discussions and followed conclusions come from our lengthy analysis with the aim of trying to see where the industry is going and how the market situation and industry structure might look in the nearest future.
And all the issues escalated will end up on his hand and his teams. • The working culture of Olympus imposed negative influence on the employee that they cannot blow a whistle on their leaders. Yes, the newly introduced external help line which is headed independently by an institution who has no vested interest in Olympus, along with the three external committees will contribute a significant change in supporting and guiding the board pertains to compliance issues. Though, its time taking to recover the reputation of Olympus and to get the system in the right track. 4.
Taylor’s ideas about management subject have been carried out for many years in private and public sector. However, his ideas having criticized irrelevantly at the same time. Many authors alleged him assesses workers as working machine. He doesn’t give value to human factor and that he only considers production and result have become widespread. According to taylorism to manage such effective and efficient organization, duties and functions during production process must be distinguished from each other with certain lines and thus can be reached to efficiency providing specialization and division of labor in organization.
The dominant legal discourse that reflects these practices is therefore not unified, but is more like a network that has some centre points, usually the major states, but also some subdued discourses that subsist at the edges. Unlike Kelsen’s premises, securing the unified logic or consistency without contradictions is not a function of the discourse; it is rather the other way around: the law allows to keep up commitments in spite of contradictions enables political coordination at the same time. Still, there is a place for something like a Pure Theory of law. It can still observe the legal practice, the dogmatic and philosophical reasoning and serve as an ideology critique, pointing out when and how a legal practice dissolves into some form of mythical thinking and showing how moral and legal theory try to ignore the post-foundational philosophical
They studied the relationship with two leadership styles: transformational and transactional. They studied the impact on academic staff of a community college in Malaysia. Though earlier studies had established a relationship between leadership styles and turnover yet their study showed contradictory results. They felt that the result differed due to the nature of work. Since academicians in higher education work mostly by themselves to impart knowledge to their students, there was little impact of leadership styles on their turnover intentions.
These rules are agreed among themselves orally. They should take their decisions in accordance with their verbally agreed terms. High reliability & confidentially needed among partners to operate the business under the verbal agreement. Mutual Agreement Name of the partnership. Every partnership should be registered because it is impossible to have all partners name for the business, as a result no partnership has its own name therefore, they should register their partnership business.
The features of modern bureaucracy along with major characterizations given by Weber, help us understanding the functioning of organisations today. Max Weber, a German sociologist, first popularized the term “bureaucracy”, when he argued that, all major organisations, should be bureaucratically run for efficient, uniform, automatic and calculative business . Modern rationality acts as a base for these charecterisations to be used in organisations today. The magnanimous PVR cinemas, helps us further comprehend and analyse the workings of the present day rational legal organisations, while using the given characterization’s as a base. Max Weber believed that, bureaucracy was the epitome of rationality.
The purchasing managers have been practicing with their existing system and will not tend to adjust with a new procedure immediately. Otherwise they have been encouraged to operate their own manufacturing plants as a separate business in units. This leads to a competition between the units in the same company itself. Management in each plant may act as custodian of his plant. Therefore he never pop-up to illustrate the actual problems he have in his plant and will not pay attention to support other units as well.