POST MODERN POLITICS INTRODUCTION What is post modernism? The simple answer is, “question everything modern”. Postmodernism is a broad term used to describe movements in a wide range of disciplines, including art, politics, critical theories, and music. Many view it as a response to the preceding modernist movement, but where modernism simply reacts against classical concepts, particularly in the arts and literature, things that are postmodern take this reaction to its extreme conclusion. Indeed, some see it not as a separate movement, but simply as a continuation of the modernist struggle.
Postmodernism refers to an attitude and philosophy guiding artistic styles and perspectives in order to understand and explain reality. It is believed to have mainly emerged and become prominent in the literary and artistic fields sometime after the Second World War. It encompassed the ideal that anything can be interpreted in an infinite number of possible ways. Thus, through analyzing a particular text creatively, we can all have different and new interpretations about it. No interpretation is definitely more suitable regarding the overall meaning; any form of interpretation contributes to the creation of the text.
The Use of Popular Culture in Postmodern Literature: The Dismantling Of Identity in Thomas Pynchon’s The Crying of Lot 49 and Tom Cho’s Look Who’s Morphing Popular culture plays a significant role in postmodern fiction; starting with earlier postmodern works of the 1960’s and persisting until the present day, extending into, or at least bordering, the literature of post-postmodernism. Today, popular culture is a big part of everyday life; therefore, the presence of multiple pop culture references in late postmodern literature is not surprising. However, literary writers of early postmodern works were just as concerned with popular culture, seeing as the emergence of postmodernism caused the eradication of a former difference between the so-called
What is Post Modernism? Post Modernism was “any of a number of trends or movements in the arts and literature developing in the 1970s in reaction to or rejection of the dogma, principles, or practices of established modernism, especially a movement in architecture and the decorative arts running counter to the practice and influence of the International Style and encouraging the use of elements from historical vernacular styles and often playful illusion, decoration, and complexity” (http://www.dictionary.com) When it came to art, pop art was seen as the forefront of the movement, as this was established by Roy Lichtenstein and Andy Warhol but other artists who explored post modernism include Jeff Koons who created sculptures of giant balloon
He drew this from the assumption that the feeling of beauty is universal. " Man cannot advance in the invention of beauty without directly imitating natural form." Ruskin believed that forms which are imitative must be beautiful but those which are unimitative must be ugly. Ruskin gave many example for imitative and unimitative forms. In the Doric temple, the triglyph and cornice are unimitative so no one would call these members beautiful.
Deconstructive is an advancement of postmodern architecture that started in the late 1980s. The term De-constructionism is simply removing the essence of architecture. Constructivism is an abstract, mystical attitude that is aimed at creating a new reality or relatively over the reality. The main characteristic feature of de-constructivism is the idea of fragmentation. Moreover, another characteristic feature of de-constructivism is that it manipulates the surface and the cover of the construction.
In Plato’s mind, art was the impersonation of nature. Yet in the nineteenth century, photography assumed control over that capacity, and in the twentieth century, abstract art toppled the entire thought that art was about the portrayal, in another word, representation. Moreover, in spite of the fact that art implied ability and skill at an opportune time, the conceptual artist had brought their thoughts to a higher level of execution. Hence, what is art? Art has been identified by various philosophers and critics in different ways.
1 INTRODUCTION Postmodernism is a complex term and set of ideas which has emerged as an area of study since the mid 1980s (Hassan 1981:30-37). Postmodernism is a concept that appears in a wide variety of disciplines including art, architecture, film, literature, fashion, and technology (Hassan 1981:30-37). Therefore, Postmodernism is best understood by outlining the modernist philosophy it replaced, the avant-garde who were active from the 1860s to the 1950s (Lizardo & Strand 2009:36-70). Therefore, from research one can justify that the different artists in the modern era were focused on essential, forward thinking approaches, concepts of technological positivity, and grand narratives of Western authority and progress. The article Re-learning
The first chapter is considered as the engine driving the entire document consisting of important arguments throughout. This chapter is aimed to reflect the aims and objectives, rationale, background, and methodology for the study to be conducted. 1.2. Background of Study The term postmodernism is considerably a complicated term consisting of different philosophies and artistic styles. The movement has emerged as the reaction higher levels of modernism, which is the framework of observing and thoughts related to the characterisations of the entire world in different ways that postmodernism has reacted against.
Koestler (13), likewise Professor Arnheim (2) answered that it has to be something that can be developed. Arnheim stated that integration in learning can best take place when it can be visualised in concrete form, something that happens to the artist and designer all the time. Koestler applied words like ‘cross-fertilisation’ to the merger of various associated or non- associated ideas which can produce new