2.1 Papaya (Carica Papaya Linn) Carica papaya is the main species from the genus of Carica. Carica which is comes from the plant family Caricaceae (Khan et al., 2012 & Alabi et al., 2012). It is belongs to the tropical of Americas, and it was first to growth in Mexico (Khan et al., 2012). These compounds are principally secondary metabolites. Carica papaya is a large tree with a single stem which can growth up to 10 metres.
3.1 Phenolics in buckwheat honey Figure 1 illustrates the wide variety of HPLC profiles of six buckwheat honey samples. As can be seen, these samples could be divided into two main types. The first type exhibited very similar chromatograms, including samples 1, 2, 3 and 4. The retention time of most compounds is 20 to 70 min. Conversely, the second type include sample 5 and 6.
Poison ivy usually forms as a vine but can also be found as a bush. In the spring the leaflets obtain a red coloration, turning to shiny green, and then yellow, red, or orange in the fall. Small green flowers grow in bunches at the stem near the leaflets. White drupes (drupes having only one seed while berries have
Literature Review 2.1 Etlingera elatior This plant is a rhizomatous perennial herbs than can grow up to 6m tall. The hairless leaves of this herb is in lanceolate shape and it can be up to 85cm long, with 18 cm wide. The collection of the flowers, inflorescences has bright red bracts and have a pine-coned shaped that usually stand atop stems. This type of flower can be present in red, white or pink color. The bract of this flower are tough and shiny, that they look like a phony flower.
RESULTS AND DISSCUSSION Morphological description of M. purpureus Monascus purpureus (Went) is a homothallic fungus belongs to the group of Ascomycetes (family Monascaceae). Growth on potato dextrose agar medium (PDA), mycelium is white in the early stage then rapidly changes to a rich pink with soluble pigment diffuse in medium (A). Pedicellate ascomata with ascospores (B &C). Monascus purpureus produced spherical ascospores of 5 microns in diameter (D) as shown in fig.1. Spectral analysis of M. purpureus red pigment Spectral analysis of pigments produced by M. purpureus on corn starch medium shows absorbance peaks at 420–430 and the highest peak was at 500nm (Fig.
Besides, guava is a low evergreen tree or shrub that is 6 to 25 feet high, with wide-spreading branches and square downy twigs. The branches are crooked, bringing opposite leaves. The fruit is small reaching 3 to 6 cm long, pear-shaped and reddish-yellow when ripe (Dweck, 2005). The guava is adaptable over a wide range of soil and climatic conditions. It often grows wild in place where other fruit trees would fail entirely.
The lowland dipterocarp forest is known as most luxuriant of plant communities and amongst the finest dryland forest in the world (Whitmore 1984). The typical characteristics of this forest are having distinctive three layers of trees: emergent trees, main stratum (canopy) and smaller or shrubs trees; boles usually almost cylindrical, buttresses, cauliflory and ramiflory are common, frequently pinnate leaves, big woody climbers and broyophytes are rare (Jacobs 1988, Whitmore
The leaf is characterised by an obtuse or acute apex, and a crenate or serrate-crenate margin. The leaf base is generally lightly pubescent on the adaxial surface and has a grey-tomentose appearance on the abaxial surface (Foden and Potter, 2005). The petiolule of the central leaflet grows up to 1 cm long and the petiolules of the lateral leaflets range from 1 to 2.5 cm in length. The petiolules have densely pubescent stipules attached on them that measure up to 7 cm in length. The yellow flowers grow out and open during spring and also attract birds by producing bright orange to red berries.
There are over 20 different names used to refer to the Madagascar Periwinkle. The scientific explanation for the name Catharanthus Roseus is that Catharanthus is Greek for a pure or a clean flower, and Roseus is Latin for rose coloured . This basically says that the Madagascar Periwinkle is a very
Therefore solanum melongenain extract significantly increased the GFR . Key words: solanum melongena. Diuretic activity, Flame Photometry INTRODUCTION Solanum melongenaSolanaceae is a shrub to 3 m high. Leaves alternate, petiolate, base unequal, with a tapering apex. Flowers whitish to yellowish, 5-parted with five spreading lobes,[ Butler J 2004] the flower about 3 cm broad and borne in small clusters.