Characteristics Of Rafflesia

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Rafflesia known as the largest flower in the world. A genus of parasitic Rafflesia belongs to family Rafflesiaceae which include 16 species has been described (Patiño et al., 2002). This species is well distributed throughout primary or secondary forests of Southeast Asia which occur mainly on Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, Sumatra, Java and Philippines (Lays, 2006.) According to Patiño et al. (2002), Rafflesia species produce a largest flower of all plant kingdom. Rafflesia shows a big flowers when blooming and grows in the shade of the forest understorey (Patiño et al., 2002). Flowers of Rafflesia are lack of leaves, stems or roots. In general, Rafflesia has two major characteristics which are the physical description and its pollination behaviour (refer to Figure 1 in Apendix 1). The first major characteristics of Rafflesia is the physical description. This aspects includes male and female flower. Male flower of Rafflesia have a mature flower buds with a diameter of 25 cm. It also shows a medium flower size within the range of 47 to 49.5 cm diameter. The flower perigone lobes 5, which shows variety in sizes between the lobes with a 13.5 to 19.5 cm long and 15 to 24 cm wide. Upper part of the lobes is covered with white warts with brick red background. There are 8 to 9 well-spaced rows of incorporation of white warts on perigone lobes. The small and circular diaphragm shows the size within the range of 5.6 to 7.5 cm wide. The diameter across the diaphragm is

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