As the Roman Empire was reaching its peak, they wanted to show their superiority through architectural marvels like the Colosseum. Initially, the building was built to mark the reign of Vespasian, an emperor who took power after the disastrous rule of Nero. It showed stability in a time of political unrest. There was an almost militaristic order to the exterior with its evenly spaced arches and the interior with its structured circulation. The very structure itself had a constant rhythm of arches around the facade.
Let’s start with a summary of what the book is about. It starts off with Aeneas and his Trojans ending up in “the land of Laurentum”, the men started to pillage the land until King Latinus went to go and stop them (Livy, 1919). Aeneas ends up marrying King Latinus’
3. Compare and contrast the idea of democracy in Ancient Greece and Rome. Which system was more democratic and why? Democracy is the modern day standard for governmental systems. However up until 500 BCE, the concept of Democracy was a foreign concept, and the great civilizations of that era were run by monarchs, aristocrats, and religious leaders of sorts.
Rome, a strong and conquering nation had much of their support in a republic form of government to keep them from a king. For this empire, a monarchy was not a popular idea. Seeing that the success of this empire arose from the foundation of their republic and a powerful senate. According to Plutarch: The Assassination of Julius Caesar, the plot of the killing of Caesar was birthed from Cicero, an old, yet beloved member of the senate that could see a monarchy on the rise. He then got Marcus Brutus to carry out the scheme with the support
Dionysius I and II in the 4th and 3rd centuries BC were tyrants of Syracuse (Encyclopædia Britannica, n.d.). Oligarchy Oligarchy may be defined as: “a government in which a small group exercises control especially for corrupt and selfish purposes” (Merriam Webster, n.d.). The difference between aristocracy and oligarchy is that the former implies rule by the best or the privileged few, whereas oligarchy implies rule by those who are able to take power. Oligarchy is therefore perhaps closer to tyranny than aristocracy in nature. Examples include an oligarchy of a few powerful families who ruled the city-state of Corinth in the 4th and 5th centuries BC (History Files, n.d.); oligarchic rule in Thebes in the same era (Arnush, n.d.); and periods of oligarchy in Athens such as in 411 BC (Cartwright, 2013).
Greek civilization had a strong influence on the Roman Empire, Greek and Roman structural planning have long been associated on account of the similitudes between the sanctuaries and option structures that two evolutions made. Roman structural planning was frequently influenced affected by Greece however the Romans also separated to make a different personality, they look so much similar. Then again, that does not mean there is no distinction at all between the 2 styles. The basic clarification for such a great deal of normal appearance is this. Greek draftsmen with its human progress started to exist before Roman development.
Both civilizations felt that they should radically change their initial system of monarchy to a form of democracy, in order to better fit the needs of their people. However, ancient Greece, unlike ancient Rome, was at one point ruled by an oligarchy, until their citizens became uneasy with the manner in which they were governed. Keeping the peace among their people seemed to be on the back burner, as they attempted to strengthen ties between Greek city states to defeat the Romans in their mutual quest to expand their borders. This is important to note since the Hellenistic era of Greece, occuring during Rome’s later republic age, saw Greek influence to be at the highest it has historically ever been (Giotto 1). Moreover, the conclusion of the Hellenistic era is known to have been brought about by the Romans in the Hellenistic war.
Greece was divided into individual city-states that each had their own form of government. Most notable, however, was the democracy of Athens and the oligarchy of Sparta. The driving force behind all of Greek life and politics was this concept of arete. While arete differed between Athens and Sparta, this lust for excellence became the driving force behind their democracy and oligarchy. The geography of Greece did not allow for a strictly central government, and so, the Greeks adapted.
The word tyranny comes from the Greek word tyrannos (meaning usurper with supreme power). In Greece tyrannies arose around mid 600 B.C.E. Tyrannies came into being because the ruling oligarchs refused the up and coming wealthy men, a say in government issues. As a result former military leaders responded to the demands of the people, and promised to bring a change. These individuals would seize power with the backing of the
These continuities includes the presence of conflict, the use of novel Greek military formations, and grandiose architecture. However, these periods still attained levels of distinction including the growth of cities, shift in political power, and ideological change among individuals. Classical conflict can be traced back to the beginning of the era, where Ionians and Greeks revolted against the Persian Achaemenid Empire. The severely outnumbered Greek city states repelled the revengeful Persian army twice as well. Conflicts such as these continued in the Hellenistic period where multiple battles were fought.