LEXICAL BORROWING AND SEMANTIC CHANGE: A CASE OF ENGLISH AND GĨKŨYŨ CONTACT: In his thesis researcher ‘Njagi, James Kinyua’ has made an attempt to investigate lexical borrowing from English into Gĩkũyũ and the cases of semantic change. More specifically, the research aims to determine the mechanisms involved in borrowing English words into Gĩkũyũ; to explore whether the borrowed words retain their original source language meaning or they undergo semantic shift; and finally to investigate whether there exist socio-cultural and/ or psychological factors that influence borrowing and semantic change. 4.7. ARABIC WORDS IN URDU (WHOSE MEANINGS, PRONOUNCIATION OR FORMS HAVE
Studying English Language System is really important for our life because it can make us understand and use English more effective and similar to native speakers. Although we have studied many English subjects such as writing or reading, it is useless if we do not study English language system because as English major students, we should know everything about English, especially its system, including phonology, phonetics, phonemes, morphology, morephemes, syntax, semantics, pracmatics and so on. English language system provides
According to the book Teaching English as a Foreign Language, The Communicative approach advocates to language, first and foremost, as a system for communication. “The communicative approach is based on the idea that learning language successfully comes through having to communicate real meaning. When learners are involved in real communication, their natural strategies for language acquisition will be used, and this will allow them to learn to use the language (Communicative Approach, 2006)”. The questionnaire and interview showed that Saúl needs to focus on his listening and speaking abilities, his writing and reading skills are not bad, nevertheless they also need some work to be polished. Since he stopped his English classes a couple of years ago Saúl has lost speaking and listening practice and this has created a sense of insecurity in him getting him to think he cannot speak English at all.
By understanding the cause of the problems and appropriateness of the solutions, these instructors and learners might be getting a new way in effective teaching method. Moreover, this research will provide suggestions on what are the effective teaching methods improving English communication skills in non-native speakers. And importantly, this research will educate the educators in deciding on what is the best way to develop the curriculum of the communication skills in EFL
According to McLaughlin (1992), learning a second language takes long, it is hard and complex, for both children and adults. Therefore, it is essential for teachers to know how learners acquire a second language, understand what the learner needs to learn (McLaughlin, 2013) as well as have an in-depth knowledge of the language; because a teacher’s understanding of the language affects the way he/she teaches. Surely, language teaching and learning is much more than just acquiring grammar, vocabulary and the four skills but social, cultural, economic, and political factors greatly influence it. However, in this paper I intend to discuss my personal understanding of a good theory of practice in English language teaching (ELT) with a focus on cultural competence, while acknowledging the importance of linguistic and communicative competencies. I refer to culture as people’s approach to life; their way of living and thinking and transmitting meaning to one another (Jiang, 2000).
Learn the methods needed to teach all speakers of foreign languages. From early years, right-up until adults we are able to demonstrate and resource you with everything you need. Our Summary Teach, travel, work and live abroad. Teaching English with us is a great way to live With over 1 billion people learning English as a foreign language worldwide. TEFL teachers are in GREAT demand.
Learning a foreign language has become a critical factor that impacts the future of any country; specially, the English language which is now considered to be a global lingua franca. The growing importance of English has been observed in virtually all countries of the world. Egypt is one of the countries in which English has a strong and a palpable presence in all its sectors. This perceived growing position of English stems from the development which Egypt has witnessed in recent years on many levels, including the number of founded international establishments and the efforts exerted by the Egyptian government to expand economic relationships with other countries as the Egyptian government and Egyptian business needs people who can conduct high-level negotiations in English. In the light of these facts, learning English in Egypt is important and a valuable commodity.
We will respond to the content of the activity as well as the language used. 2.3. The Objective of Teaching Speaking According to Chamberland (1987 cited in CMEC,2013:26) The literature underscores the significance of establishing clear teaching objectives as an important component of effective teaching. If the object is speaking, the teacher should establish the more specific materials related to the speaking itself and also focus on specific purpose. Teachers must be able to make clear to their students the declarative and procedural knowledge the students are meant to learn.
- Are the current approaches and materials effective for improving proficiency in reading, writing, listening and speaking? - What is the functional approach to outdo the problem and challenge areas? This research will deal with the basic Arabic language curriculum of VUB but not as the last word proposal for the use of this specific curriculum. This proposal is meant to serve as an introduction to a new Arabic curriculum and as a reflection of its difficulties, problems and central issues that demands attentions. It describes a contemporary methodology and specific aspects of VUB Arabic curriculum.
Teachers need to use their discretion in deciding on what method to use and when .Any method that works is good. The objectives of teaching English as second language (ESL) must be achieved. All the choices that are made must ensure that the learner achieves second language competence. ( English Language Teaching, Source Book for the Diploma in Teacher Education, 2008, Directorate of Distance Education, Research and Training Centre, Chennai) Teachers need to motivate the learners in order to develop their skills. Students are expected to know the rules of the language or grammar, by conducting examinations.