According to Hall (2008), micronutrients are essential elements for plant in very small quantity. Although it is found in enough quantity in the soil, it can be depleted over time if not replaced. It can cause soil to become acidic or alkaline and toxic if it is too much presents in the soil. Micronutrient is required in the correct amount for healthy plant growth. On the other hand, soil organic matter contains a significant proportion of the available fraction of micronutrients and is very important in the nutrition of crops.
Only Rhizobia that are specifically compatible with a particular species on legumes and non-legumes can the formation of root nodules, a process called nodulation. This process has a great economic benefit for agricultural production and as a result, Rhizobia inoculants are produced commercially in many plants. Inoculants contain Rhizobia isolated from plant nodules and grown cultured. Liquid media containing potato broth and glucose or sucrose was used to culture the Rhizobia bacteria (Stefan Mantyniuk and Jadwiga Oron
Introduction Sweet sorghum is an annual C4 plant having high concentration of sugars in stalks and can be used as a biofuel crop (Rooney et al., 2007). It can be grown successfully in semi-arid regions and known as the sugarcane of the desert. This plant can produce 45-65 t/ha stalk yield and 3-7 t/ha sugar yield in short duration with less water requirement like rain fed crops (Rao et al., 2013). Improvement in stalk yield and sugar accumulation is the major concern of sweet sorghum production. Differences in nutrient can change yield in sweet sorghum.
Young container-grown plants may be set out later but need time to grow roots before hot weather. Blueberries are only marginally self-fertile, so you’ll need to grow at least three plants of compatible varieties. HOW TO PLANT BLUEBERRIES Choose a sunny, well-drained site that has an acidic pH for growing blueberry bushes. Young blueberry plants need an abundance of organic matter in the soil’s shallowest layers. Most soils should be amended with 4 inches of acidic organic matter such as rotted sawdust or leaf compost.
It requires cooler and longer winter season and hence are more suited to northern India. Chickpea is also known as gram, Bengal gram and garbanzo beans. Based on the seed colour and geographical distribution, chickpea is grouped into two types: Desi and kabuli chickpea (Jambunathan R and Singh U, 1980) (Fig.1.1). Desi chickpea have brown, black and green colour and are cultivated in 85% of global chickpea fields (South and East Asia, Iran, Ethiopia, and Australia). On the other hand, kabuli chickpea are white to cream colour and are commonly cultivated in Mediterranean regions, West Asia, North Africa, and North America (Frimpong et al., 2009).
Soya flour 4. Dried eggs 5. 6. Ingredient: Cocoa Ingredient source: The cacao tree Processing/ refining details: Cacao trees are grown on small plantations near the equator, or else they are grown in tropical rain forests. The cocoa pods grow off the limbs and trunks of the trees, when they are ripe, they are then harvested by hand by skilled workers who only select the ripest pods which contain the best flavour.
Solanum microcarpon is one of the most important vegetable commonly used in southern Nigeria. It contribute substantially to the people diet as source of soup and widely grown for both consumption and for sales due to its potential leaf production (Ojo and Olufolaji ,1997).Despite of the significant of this vegetable in the traditional farming systems and its dietary important ,it cultivation and productivity like other leafy vegetables is limited by the declined soil fertility in other words when the soil nutrient diminishes in the way that lower its ability to support and nourish plants (Donoran and Casey,1998).Solanum microcarpon being a vegetable required Nitrogen for cell division and enlargement, production of protoplasm and leaf size
Tepary bean (Phaseolus acutifolius) is an ancient crop native to Mexico, the South-western United States and parts of Central America (Bhardwaj, 2013). Recent studies indicate that tepary bean was most likely domesticated near the Mexico-USA border with earliest remains found in Tehuacán Valley, Mexico (Blair et al., 2012). The crop has been reported as still being found growing in the wild as far south as Guatemala and as far north as central Arizona (Muñoz et al., 2004). The crop has recently gained recognition as a drought tolerant and short duration legume in semi-arid parts of tropical Africa where most other grain legumes fail (Porch et al., 2013). Tepary bean is grown in Morocco, Algeria, Malawi, Botswana, Uganda, South Africa as well as Swaziland and Lesotho.
Cassava (manihot esculents, creantz), variously designated as manioc, yucca or tapioca is a native to south America and southern and western Mexico, Presumable Eastern Brazil. It was one of the first crops to be domesticated and there is archeological evidence that it was grown in Peru 4, 000 years ago and in Mexico 2, 000 years ago. From stem cuttings, the plant produces 5 to 10 very fleshy adventitious roots up to 15 centimeters in diameter. Young roots may have 30 – 35% starches by weight but very little fat or protein. Cassava is adapted to the zone within latitudes 30 north and south of the equator, at elevations of not more than 2000m above sea level, in temperatures ranging from 18 to 25Oc to rainfall of 50 to 5000mm annually and to
• Dry beans must be cultivated in soils with 60-90cm deep. • Hutton soil and Mayo soils available in Komatidraai farm are suitable for the production of dry beans since they have a clay percentage of 17-20%. • Hutton and Mayo soils have a good water holding capacity and beans grow well in this two types of soils. • Sandy soils have a low fertility level and can problems such as nematodes, but in Komatidraai we don’t have sandy soils, we have Hutton & Mayo soils which are best for the production of