(Pablo Escobar Crime Museum) In 1975, Escobar ordered the murder of Medellín’s most powerful drug lord, Fabio Restrepo. The first time Escobar was arrested came soon after this, though the case was dropped when he ordered the murder of all the arresting officers. As his control over the drug trade grew, so did his control in Colombia. He was even elected to Congress in 1982.
Gang violence is a problem in every major United States city including Chicago, Los Angeles, and Atlanta. Las Vegas Metro Police Department (LVMPD) has implicated many programs to fight the increasing gang issue across the valley, from bringing back the gang unit to having more police officers patrol the known gang spots. These programs were implicated to stop the criminal gangs that are looking to build their territory in Nevada. The three criminal gangs that are mainly affiliated with Nevada are the Gersons’, the Crips, and the Playboys.
In the 1990s, gang violence was on the rise, where it was dominantly founded in youths. Anderson, Dyson, and Lee (1996) argued that when a group of African American youths join together and commits delinquent acts and crime, they already categorized as gangs to the American public. This affect and many other affects is what creates an increase in gang violence. Those other factors are socioeconomic status, history, race, gendered, and geographic background. They play a huge role on the creation and formation of gangs.
During 1942 through 1943 zoot suiters were considered to be dangerous gang members who committed crimes. Many Mexican American women and men were arrested. The conflict between
Unit 2 Case Study: Union Racketeering The four unions that were identified by a congressional committee in 1983 as being completely dominated by men affiliated with organized crime was the Laborers International Union of North America, Hotel Employees and Restaurant Employees International Union, International Longshoremen’s Association, and the International Brotherhood of Teamsters. The Laborers International Union of North America was headed by Ernest Kumerov, who was married to the daughter of the late Outfit boss Tony Accordo. This union was formed in 1903, and was used to control laborers over many construction sites. Many top leaders of this union were eventually arrested and charged with many crimes from gambling to murder.
Racial tensions in Los Angeles came into the public eye when a gang of sailors beat up a group of Mexican-Americans wearing “zoot suits” in June of 1943. This led to the mass incarceration of these individuals known as “pachucos”. This initial incident was followed by days of violence in which servicemen roamed the Los Angeles area and physically assaulted any Mexican American they found in zoot suit apparel. The following two nights, the attacks progressed and though a few sailors were arrested while others were warned not to proceed in further assaults, word of the rioting spread and more military personnel from other areas of the city joined in as well. These events were preceded by increased racial tension between Mexican-Americans and Anglo Saxons.
The members of this gang are entirely of Mexican-American decent, and it is practically male dominated, with few female members passing along vital information to other members and smuggling contraband into the gang’s prisoners. By operating on a hierarchical system, gang members are aware of who is in charge and where other members rank in the community, much like the United States military layout. The social relations throughout the group and members’ interaction with the public and those outside of the gang is vital in ensuring the group is able to function smoothly, without drawing too much unwanted attention. Despite the obvious challenges that gang members face, La Nuestra Familia has expanded and pushed the boundaries of the prison community as a whole. Without establishing their own social and cultural norms, La Nuestra Familia would not have been so successful at recruiting and maintaining membership in what they may consider to be their very own, exclusive
Al Capone It could be said that Al Capone unknowingly started the cosplay craze. During his reign over Chicago’s criminal network, Capone would sometimes have his henchmen disguise themselves while doing a job. Al Capone was a powerful and dangerous gangster because at a young age, he joined his first gang; he caused the Valentine's Day Massacre; and after being found guilty for other crimes, was sent to Alcatraz. One of the things that made Al Capone was dangerous, was the fact that he spent most of his young adult years in the life of crime.
Trait Theory: Biological Trait theory categorizes people on the basis of their skin color, ethnicity, gender, and their body built. In this case, Mr Obkuku is a built black male, a mesomorph. Well known stereotype that people with darker skin tend to commit more crimes; especially trafficking narcotics and theft.
In the past, racial profiling has been used numerous times by police officers and people who thought races other than white were the cause of every case and problem. They thought they were better because they were white and blamed people of other races for committing crimes by judging everyone based off ethnicity. In the play, Zoot Suit by Luis Valdez, Henry and the 38th Street Gang were accused of crimes they have not committed because they were Mexican- American. Today this is still seen society. The play’s messages was that people who were discriminated because they were not white, which is still relevant today.
In this gang he met Earl ‘Hymie’ Weiss, Vincent ‘the Schemer’ Drucci, and George ‘Bugs’ Moran who then became his lifelong friends (Dean). In 1908 he got a job at a bar. Most of the people who went to the bar were criminals who admired O’Banion for his safe cracking skills. The people at this bar got him into his life of crime. In 1909 he went to reformatory for stealing post stamps.
In Northern California Hispanic gangs graffiti is distinct in the fact they are known to tag the number “14” which in the alphabet is the letter “N” for norteno or northerner. These gangs fall under the geographic area opposite of that of Surrenos which is the area just north of Bakersfield up to the state border of Oregon. The nortenos also pledge allegiance to a prison gang but not the Mexican Mafia. The nortenos pledge allegiance to their own prison gang called “Nuestra Familia” or in English “Our Family”. Similar to southern gangs they pledge allegiance by following order from within the prison by the Nuestra Familia shot callers and paying “taxes” from their drug sales.
The MS-13 gang, well known as Mara Salvatrucha 13, is one of the most organized and violently dangerous gangs in the United States. The gang was establishes in the 1980, in the predominately Spanish speaking parts of Los Angeles, initially starting off with refuges who were in nature calm and in control. However, some Mexican immigrants began their power guiding and controlling these individuals into an underworld organization, which quickly began to harden the individuals. Once this occurred in the El Salvadorian neighborhoods, the immigrants wanted to organize themselves, so they decided to come up with a name for themselves.
There is a lot of Mexican Gangs is in United States prisons. For example Mexican Mafia, Latin Kings, Hermanos de Pistoleros Latinos, Partido Revolucionario Mexicano, Raza Unida etc… The Mexican Mafia is the top #1 Mexican Prison Gang, it started in the streets in california and escalated to the prisons. Mexican Mafia is also known as “La Eme” They would usually join the gang so that they could be protected from other gangs that were racist toward hispanics. La Eme was established in 1957 by Luis Flores also known as “Huero Buff”. The Mexican Mafia grew fairly quickly in DVI.