In fact, she sat on the throne from 1837 to 1901. In addition, identifying the point where Victorianism gives way completely to Modernism it is not an easy task. The literary periods had no discretion. The Victorian writers use some habits of the previous eras also, at the same time they are pushing arts and letters in new and interesting directions. After, some of the later Victorian novelists and poets are nearly indistinguishable from the Modernists who followed shortly thereafter.
Pride and Prejudice still continues to be such a popular novel after all these years not only because of its memorable characters and the general appeal of the story or the established beliefs of the era, but also because of the skill with which it is told. It is undeniable that Austen’s extensive use of dialogue in the novel is remarkable for its progress. Generally, dialogue can be found in different types and usually its objectives are specific. It aims to move an action forward, to convey important information, to individualize speakers, to reveal characters or motives and lastly, to build suspense or to highlight important moments. In England, and especially in the past years, the humor and the cultural elements were obvious through the
The Victorian age is characterized by gender inequality. Women were confined by social restrains. Female gothic becomes more complex in Victorian age. The term ʻfemale gothic’ is used by Ellen Moers to describe the conventions of women’s writings , back to Radcliffe’s gothic novels in which she employs the
Industrialization concentrated large numbers of people in small areas, magnifying problems. The agrarian to urban population shift caused the growth of cities which in turn created challenges for city planning, sanitation, and crime prevention. Patterson suggests that the Victorian period 's "social problems had no parallel in history" (2008, Chp. 2). Industry 's increased troubles inspired social reform groups such as William Booth 's Salvation Army to reach out to impoverished masses.
Therefore, women suffered from severe economic and social debilities. He reveals the injustice of the social codes of nineteenth-century Britain and their negative impact on the lives of the Victorians, especially on the working class women. Far From the Madding Crowd was written when women evidently had an inferior status compared to men, and were severely limited in terms of their economic opportunities. Hardy felt compelled to challenge the social conventions of Victorian society in his novels, and by doing so he wished to redefine the role of women. Hardy portrays Bathsheba and Fanny in a sharp contrast to each other in patriarchal society.
As may be observed, English Romanticism saw a wide variety of authors who produced a flourishing scholarly and popular works. For this reason, it is essential to study it in relation to its main literary forms; namely, novel and poetry. Although it is worth noting that the Romantic Literature is especially regarded as a poetic period, it is also relevant to mention that this period saw the first flowering of English novel. After having dealt with the historical background of the period as well as with its most salient features, it is time to move on to the second section of this topic: Romantic fiction in Britain. Although, as has already been mentioned, the Romantic period is best known for the work of major Romantic poets, the period also saw the rapid growth of the novel.
Female 's victims acquired a significant place in Charles Dickens novels. The female victims are important parts of Dickens 's concerns for women of his time. Dickens as a moralist, comments on female oppression of his time in hope of improvement. Women were victimized by the Victorian society and its male centre rules. Hill argued "the nineteenth-century social systems, like the economic, political, and legal system was founded on male dominance and control.
In the following essay, I will do a complete semiotic analysis of two Victorian-era posters/images. Going through both denotative and connotative meanings, as well as linking them back to old Victorian period values. The Victorian Era occurred from 1837 to 1901 and was a time when the British Empire was the most powerful nation in the world. It was also a time when the middle class rose significantly and upper class was not just a hereditary lifestyle anymore (The Victorian Era – 1837-1901 [sa]). First, we will take a look at the Summer At The Cape Of Good Hope, Afternoon Tea On The Stoep (see Figure 1) painting.
In the history of the United Kingdom, the Victorian era was the period of Queen Victoria 's reign, from 20 June 1837 until her death on 22 January 1901. Defined according to emotional response and political concerns, the period is sometimes considered to begin with the passage of the Reform Act 1832. The period is characterized as one of relative peace among the great powers, increased economic activity, "refined sensibilities" and national self-confidence for Great Britain. The Victorian era witnessed resistance to the rationalism that defined the Georgian period and an increasing turn towards romanticism and mysticism regarding religion, social values, and arts. In international relations, the supremacy of the Royal Navy helped maintain a period of relative peace among the great powers, as well as economic, colonial, and industrial expansion, Domestically, the political agenda was increasingly liberal, with a number of shifts in the direction of gradual political reform, industrial reform, and the widening of the voting franchise.
Dickens represents two worlds ; old and new , upper and middle class . He depicts the anxieties of the time and the insecurity and snobbery steaming from the ambiguities of rank and wealth at a time of perpetual and rapid social change . It is concerned with those social problems arising from industrialization and urbanization . Dickens approach in his novels , the impact of change on a society that is striving to adjust itself to new conditions . This idea of ' change ' however , links in the novelists ' minds with a sense of puzzled perplexity .