The Pantheon and Brunelleschi 's Dome in Florence both share a common idea of the dome in ancient history. They were built and different times, the Pantheon and Brunelleschi 's Dome differ in both design and architecture. This paper is going to analyze the Pantheon in Rome and Brunelleschi 's Dome in terms of their constructional and design techniques, and their historical circumstances of the construction of them both. The Pantheon is one of the remaining and properly maintained buildings of the first century. The building is found in Rome and is believed that it was commission by Marcus Agrippa during Augustus ' time.
In this piece of work, it is essential to compare the two buildings while systematically considering their similarities and differences that have memorialized their existence until now. Similarities between Parthenon and Pantheon The Parthenon building in Athens was built and dedicated to the goddess Athena while the Pantheon was also built and similarly dedicated to all the gods of the Romans; hence they are referred to as temples. Furthermore, both buildings were used for public events when such need arises. The Parthenon and Pantheon are both ancient buildings and have strong big columns holding the building as well as serving as decorative pillars. Similarly, the Parthenon and Pantheon were high rising buildings which are typical of a classical
Ancient Roman society focused on its military power to gain and keep a vast empire. In order to keep the empire under control, Roman leaders placed a high importance in the architecture of its cities. Architecture played a significant role in maintaining control of the Roman empire by creating constant, visible symbols of their power. They used their buildings to advance their knowledge of the world and show their strength. One building used for this is the Colosseum.
Two very important historic buildings from the Greek and Roman civilizations, namely the Parthenon and the Pantheon respectively, are worthy of academic exploration. An analysis of their function and style will help to put their design and features into perspective, and create a better appreciation for their emulation in Western civilization. These buildings possess very unique individual characteristic designs, which bears testimony to the societies from which they originate. However, they are also a resourceful database of knowledge in terms of their symbolism, rich heritage of their era and application to the present civilization. Their permanent contribution to historical reference and modern society, are a token of their expression
Document 4 can be analyzed to show that the common weapons of Assyrian soldiers included a shield and a spear. In addition, I infer that Document 1 and 2 are translated inscriptions found on ancient artifacts because rulers often recorded their conquests and military campaigns through inscriptions and various artwork. Therefore, Document 1 and 2 are primary sources because it is an artifact created by humans of that time. Since these four documents are primary sources, they are also reliable records of historical
Their ideas have inspired over 25 centuries, growing and changing over time, and still remain in our modern civilization. The government plays a major role in any civilization. The Greeks had several different types of government: Monarchy, Aristocracy, Oligarchy, and Democracy. The Democratic Government is the type of government, which mainly influenced our modern civilization. Democratic Government simply means the citizens have the power, which is the type of government here in the United States of America.
As most civilizations, Classical Roman cities’ “defense potential, adequate water supply and economic potential were the most important factors in deciding on the sites” of the cities (Cilliers). At the peak of Rome’s population, over one million in the 5th century BC, Rome adopted a grid system that had divided the town into blocks, with buildings in the center and a wall which had encircled the city (Harl). It was here where there were “aqueducts to supply water, temples, markets, theaters and amphitheaters, public baths, and playing fields” (Macaulay). To the Roman Empire, cities were the building blocks of the empire, the centers of trade and commerce. Rome continued to develop and improve the city’s structures, history begins to see just how the Classical Roman city planning helped contribute to its social and societal structures.
It has left behind some of the most impressive buildings of the ancient world. Most of the buildings in Ancient Egypt were built out of stone. These include the important dwellings such as temples, pyramids, and statues which were built of a mixture of limestone and granite. These are the structures that have survived to this day. The normal houses were built of Nile baked sun bricks.
It is quite interesting to note that homes or houses in ancient Rome were functioning as one of the tools to differentiate the different classes of the society. Today, we can easily detect whether one is wealthy or not from their houses, implying that the culture of building and maintaining sophisticated houses as a sign of wealth has been existing since ancient times. Ancient Roman buildings could be classified into public buildings and private buildings. Public builds include; forums, markets, temples, basilicas, colosseum and arenas or amphitheatres, circus maximus, Roman theatres, baths and bath houses, the gymnasium, stadia and xysti, campus martius, triumphal arches and triumphal columns, and forts. Private buildings include; Roman palaces,
Explanation and theories have been discussed; Palladio thought that Agrippa had added the portico to a building of earlier. Michelangelo the great painter of the Sistine chapel speculated the portico and dome were designed by different architects (of different ability) . He looked at everything with an artistic eye, he was rarely impressed, but when Michelangelo first saw the pantheon in 1500 he proclaimed it “angelic not human design” . It still stands today – 500 years later.