Theme: Nationalism & Identity Political and Historical Cataclysm in Salman Rushdie’s Midnight’s Children M.Vanisree Associate Professor, Department of English, S.V Engineering College for Women, Tirupati. E-mail: email@example.com Salman Rushdie is a multinational writer. He belongs to different cultures. Both his legacy is somewhat disputed and the same replicate in his novels i.e., existential dilemmas of the individual. Rushdie’s characters create angst in the psyche of the readers.
Mending a Broken Relationship In the powerful novel, The Kite Runner, author Khaled Hosseini tells the story of Amir, a coming of age character, who constantly struggles with maintaining a stable relationship with the people in his life. The story is set in Kabul, Afghanistan, where Amir and his loyal best friend, Hassan, grow up causing plenty of mischief. After a drastic event occurs, the two are separated, leaving Amir behind with no reasonable example of what a close relationship truly embodies. Consequently, this creates a chain of detrimental relationships for Amir in which he is not capable of successfully maintaining. Eventually, Amir and his father, Baba, move to America to escape the Russians, and must learn to live their lives in a diverse and unique country.
However, his account of his personal details are always interrupted with digressions about the characteristics of uncle Toby. With the book six, the figures of Uncle Toby, Trim and the widow Wadman are in the foreground, yet it should be underlined that these two main stories are left unfinished, more correctly, unresolved instead of tensions and suspense that is created through Tristram’s digressions. In other words, the more progress Tristram makes in re-telling his life, the farther behind he falls in his goal of achieving closure. As can be seen, in Tristram Shandy, Brooks’ desire for the end is never fulfilled. Chambers who also identifies Tristram as a narrative without an end, relates Tristram’s interest towards the potential of endlessness writing to his unfortunate conception that takes place under
His ability to manipulate becomes an absolute and ever present requisite in his established marital relations, and is most obvious in the numerous, intricate “dissections” of the “possessed”(which often fill pages with cruel and mocking observations.). When the “fat and brainless”( Vladimir Nabokov, Lolita, Modern Classics, Penguin books-page 26/27) Valeria, who he believes to be under his complete and total control choses to “ brazenly dispose in her own way of his comfort and fate” ( Vladimir Nabokov, Lolita, Modern Classics, Penguin books-page 28) Humbert explodes with fury and sees this “territorial intrusion” as very damaging to his self image for he has been beaten by both Valeria his “comedy wife”( Vladimir Nabokov, Lolita, Modern Classics, Penguin books-page 28) and her lover and made to look ridiculous through his own thick
“Racism is a much more clandestine, much more hidden kind of phenomenon, but at the same time it 's perhaps far more terrible than it 's ever been” Angela Davis. Despite regulations and laws being passed, the absurdity of injustice being exposed, racism still continues to be ubiquitous, regardless of time and generation. The poems Still I Rise by Maya Angelou and Telephone Conversation by Wole Soyinka both convey the theme of prejudice and racism; with a clear and thorough message showing how unjust and unfair xenophobia is. While they both express the same problem, the poems have differences in structure, poetic techniques, audience, and lexis. Both poems were written in the 1960’s-1980’s, a period of great segregation, and Soyinka and Angelou were both primary victims of this racism.
Khalid Javaid, a Delhi-based distinguished contemporary Urdu fiction writer, has described in his short story Aakhri Dawat (Last Invitation) the miseries attached to the melting down of the monolithic identity of self that quickens the fluidity and plurality of identity. “I don’t want to live here as an individual. I want to experience myself a being divided into ‘many’ despite being an individual. Therefore, each character of this
Sahgal focuses on cultural identity, a phenomenon that is very delicate, especially in a country having a diversified culture like India. Her concern for a united nation caught within the clutches of a multicultural society is brought to the lime light. Mistaken Identity is set in the twilight years of British rule in India. The novel centers around the year of 1929, India is torn by strikes, the British Raj is close to panic, and Bhushan Singh, the purposeless but amiable son of a minor Raja, is arrested on his train journey home to north India, mistakenly charged with treason, and thrown into jail. Around the mystery of his arrest and into his stories Sahgal infuses suspense, gentle irony, and a wealth of Northern India’s culture.
The relationship between Mir Nihal and Begum Nihal represent the twilight state of Delhi. The extra marital affairs of Mir Nihal with courtesan Babban Jan and Dilchain mare the purity of their relationship. Here Ahmad Ali’s main focus is on the plight of woman in patriarchal society where Begum Nihal is driven to madness due to disloyalty of her husband. Mir Nihal’s extra marital relationships with courtesans highlight the male domination in the society where men can do whatever they desire. Moreover , it serves as a starting point for the other digressed relationships.
Mrs. Moore serves as the central element or as a unifying link between the native Indians and the English. She realizes the truth and Adela suddenly revokes the charge against Aziz, Mrs. Moore plays a symbolic and mystic role. Thus the novel presents a paradoxical situation in which class and caste distinctions are dominant and cultural chauvinism of the English is deep-rooted – a typical situation of the colonized India in which no single person is absolute or adequate in his or her ideology in the pre-independence Indian context. It is a context in which one set of values is constantly neglected by another. Forster has offered an insight into the complex and contradictory situation in which mutual interpersonal relations between the superior and the inferior hardly reach the point of cordiality.
In this research paper, I have tried to highlight the historical perspective of Dalit Literature with minute details. As we know that untouchability is one of the greatest evils of Indian society since the inception of the civilization. In the Manu Smriti, the Hindu's law book of social code, one can observe the tragic picture who were deprived of many rights especially their banning of entry into the temples or reading the Hindu scriptures as the traditional Indian society was brahmanical. That is why the great social reformers of India like Mahatma Gandhi, B. R. Ambedkar, Tagore and Swami Dayanand etc. raised their voice of protest against this age-old injustice and discrimination.