Charisma In Max Weber's Leadership Theory

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Charisma in Greek means “divinely inspired gift.” As charismatic leadership has been the focus to scholars, there are various definition to the meaning. Max Weber, is considered to be the contributor behind the theory (Lussier & Achua, 2007). He used the word charisma to describe a certain authority system, apart from rational-legal and traditional which are thought as the references for leadership back at the time. This charismatic type focuses not on the authority but rather follower’s perceptions toward the leadership’s qualities. Charisma according to Weber is something that triggers followers’ commitment and lead them make results which go beyond obligations, since the followers’ believe in charismatic leader’s ultra talents and gifts.…show more content…
Personal characteristic is one of the most invesigated factor of charimatic leadership. The most common traits are leaders’ visonary, self-confidence to their abilities, achievement oriented towards the task, high level of personal dynamic, and trusting/ role-model over followers (Nahavandi, 1997). The examples taken can be Dr. Martin Luther King, presedent Frankin D. Roosevelt who took America out of the great depression, Rudy Giuliani who reconstruct New York City to a better quality living place, Apples’ co-founder Steve Jobs that revolutionzied the way public perceive personal computer. These are all leaders that inpire followers through their words and…show more content…
These are group of people who make charismaitic leaders possible but are often forgotten (Beyer, 1999). There are 4 social facilitation that are required for the purpose of effective charismatic leadership: liberating and legitimizing, modeling, buffering, and interpreting and translating (Weber & Moore, 2013). And these facilitations are basically execute by the squires, which best assist leaders to overcome challenges for charismatic leadership—the parodox of difference and social distance. In brief, the charismatic leaders need to be both different at the meantime recognized by the followers, since people likes to led by those that are prototypic to them. This issue can be solved by the application of liberating and modeling. Squires can help freeing followers by fulfilling the psychological space which is known as liberating and legitimizing. As for modeling, it ensures that the followers keep up the passion. Furthermore, the leader needs to maintain social distance while showing perception of interactions to the followers. This is where buffering and interpreting method steps in. Squires buffer the interaction between leaders and followers, and make sure the charismatic leaders’ vision is interpreted

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