Charismatic Leadership Theory

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charismatic leadership theory with the upper echelons perspective in an attempt to better understand the leadership role of chief executive officers (CEOs) was reviewed by (Waldman, Javidan & Varella, 2004). They proposed that emerging charismatic leadership theory and research may provide new possibilities for the upper echelons perspective. In the past, leadership theory has been seen as the domain of organizational behavior and micro-oriented perspectives. Organizational behaviorists are generally more psychologically oriented and define charisma as one of the following: a relationship between an individual (leader) and others (followers) based on deeply held shared ideological (as opposed to material) values; an individual who accomplishes…show more content…
Unfortunately, in their view, they did not make potential linkages between charisma and performance especially clear and, indeed, devoted little attention to such linkages in their consideration of strategic leadership. Conger & Kanungo developed a model that focuses on several behavioral dimensions of charismatic leadership within organizations. According to the model, charismatic leadership is an attribution based on followers ' perceptions of their leader 's behavior. The leader 's observed behavior is interpreted by followers as expressions of charisma in the same sense as a leader 's behaviors reflect that individual 's participative, people and task orientations. Charismatic leaders differ from other leaders by their ability to formulate and articulate an inspirational vision and by behaviors and actions that foster an impression that they and their mission are extraordinary. As such, individuals choose to follow such leaders in management settings not only because of formal authority but out of perceptions of…show more content…
Thus any measurement of charismatic leadership must be based on follower 's perceptions of the specific behavioral attributes of the leader that engender such outcomes. The Conger-Kanungo model proposed several distinguishing behavioral components in three distinct stages of the leadership process. The study of leadership has been important to humans since the dawn of civilization, the concept of leadership; leader and follower were represented in Egyptian hieroglyphics written 5,000 years ago. Between 400 and 300BC the Greek philosophers Plato and Aristotle wrote about leadership and the requirements, characteristics, and education of leaders (Paul, et
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