In the year 1054, the Catholic Church had issues within the different parts of it. As these issues continued to pose a bigger problem, the church finally decided that it needed to separate and become different churches so that they could each conduct and run the church like they wanted to. The two branches of the Catholic Church that were feuding around this time were the Latin portion of the church, later known as Roman Catholics, and the Greek part, which were eventually known as the Orthodox Church. As we take a look back at these two branches of the Catholic Church, the differences and problems that they had with one another will be shown by evidence found in documents relating to the incidents and troubles that caused the church to have
The Boston Massacre was an incident that occurred on March 5, 1770. It all began when colonists were provoking the British soldiers by harassing them. During this time, tensions had developed between Colonial America and England. The colonists are now taking steps to declare themselves independent from the British. The harassment of the
This refusal of purchase from those in the New World consequently caused the Sugar Act to be lowered and the Stamp Act to be repealed. This sounds like Colonists were now getting what they wanted and felt they deserved, but then a new set of Acts were imposed on the colonists. The Declaratory, Townshend, and Revenue Acts were all passed afterwards. The Declaratory Act stated that Parliament has supreme rule over every colonial matter. The Townshend and Revenue Acts were made as a compromise between Benjamin Franklin and Townshend, Prime Minister of England, to give both sides a little snippet of what they wanted. These forced Parliament to only use external taxes. The main idea of these Acts were to raise money for the troops who were protecting citizens in the West from the natives and any other invaders there could have been, as both the economies in the colonies and in England dropped after the war. Eventually, a small vocal minority of colonists concentrated in Boston express their hatred towards England. The Boston Massacre occurred, where only seven people died. Colonists very much so exaggerated this event as they blame everything on the British and say they themselves did nothing wrong. This “massacre” was on the same day the Townshend Act was repealed and Nonimportation halted. Quickly after, Bostonian smugglers began sneaking in Dutch tea as they were mad at the East India Tea
The Colonists were up to a great challenge, fighting Great Britain, an empire so large: “the sun never set on it.” The 13 Colonies of America were owned by England, and due to the “French and Indian War”, Britain was in a lot of debt. Due to many things that will be explained in this essay, the colonists revolted. It’s debated if the colonists should’ve revolted at all. The answer is that they were correct in their choice, and even justified in it.
The British had ‘over extended’ their stay after the French and Indian war and the colonists’ tensions grew when they still had to show them hospitality because of the Quartering acts. On March 5, 1770 colonists began harassing the british soldiers by cursing at them and pelting them with cobblestones and snowballs. This slight scuffle quickly turned into what became known as ‘The Boston Massacre’ where 5 Americans were killed from british fire. Document 4 was made by Paul Revere to showcase this incident in a way that stretched the truth to further ‘prove’ to the colonists that Britain was the enemy. The Boston Tea Party was another event that occurred with the colonists rallying against the british after the British East India Company was granted sole right to sell tea to American Colonies. The colonists were happy at first that the prices of tea were lowered but they would still have to pay the tea tax and were furious over that. The Sons of Liberty was an organization created to protest against the British but more importantly the acts that were put into place. This group organized the dumping of the British Tea into the Boston Harbor as a protest to the tax on tea. However this act of defiance didn’t go over well and the intolerable acts were set into place causing the harbor to close, forcing colonists to buy tea and to discipline the colonists because of their
The Quartering Act allowed British soldiers to occupy any colonist’s property at any time. The colonists were required to provide shelter and food to the British soldiers. This allowed more british soldiers to come to the colonies to control protests (Document 6) and regain British authority. The colonists reacted with more protests which eventually got out of control. In 1770, a large group of colonists were yelling and throwing rocks and snowballs at a group of soldiers to protest Britain. The soldiers got scared and fired into the crowd hitting 11 people and killing 5. (Document 6) This event became an inspiration for propaganda against the Redcoats,British soldiers, like Paul Revere’s print of the event. Propaganda is misleading information to persuade others point of view and it did exactly that. Paul Revere’s print referred to this as the Boston Massacre, a massacre being a brutal killing of a bunch of people. This stirred up feelings against the British and caused more people to join the patriots and support the fight for independence. (Document
On the night March 5th, 1770, the Boston Massacre occurred. It took place during the enforcement of the unpopular taxation by British troops. One of the main reasons why the British troops were there was for the enforcement of taxation of the colonists, for example, The Stamp Act. These acts required Americans to pay a tax on every piece of printed paper they used. The colonists were furious because they had no say in whether the Stamp Act should pass or not. The Boston Massacre is historically viewed as a spark that moved the colonists towards the Revolutionary War and independence from Britain.
During the later half of the eighteenth century, tensions increased between the British and their American colonists. In the years following the Seven Years War, actions done by the British government, such as increased taxes and limitations on expansion and settlement of British territory, angered the British citizens of the American Colonies and resulted in violent protests and resistance to British rule. These scuffles and disputes between colonists and soldiers snowballed into the Boston Massacre of March 5, 1770. During the confrontation, over 200 Bostonian rioters violently assaulted nine British soldiers defending a position, who then fired unordered shots into the crowd, killing five and injuring six. After the massacre, these soldiers stood trial for the killing of citizens and received little to no punishment. The American colonists viewed the outcome of this case as unjust and wrong. However, the British soldiers retained innocence in the murder of the Bostonians, due to aggressive actions of the rioters, the legal right to
This group of people decided to rebel against the Stamp Act and that the colonies should begin to boycott British goods. There were those who felt that it was impossible for the colonists to be given the rights of Englishmen if they remained under the British rule, so they decided they must begin to operate independently (Document B). Mercantilism led to the Sons of Liberty and the Daughters of Liberty which were organizations that came together in order to cause violence against those enforcing the mercantile laws. These two organizations are examples of colonial unity created by the hatred the colonists felt towards their British rulers. As the situation in the colonies grew out of control, Britain sent 2 regiments of troops to the colonies in order to ensure safety and that people were paying their taxes. The colonists viewed this as completely violating their rights, so on March 5th, 1770, a fight broke out in an attempt by the colonists to fight back for what they believed in. The Boston Massacre was seen by the colonists as a great day because it put an end to the myth of the hopelessness of fighting (and in a sense, beating) Britain. Over the span of about 15 years, the colonial unity seen in the colonies continued to grow due to the ongoing conflicts between the colonists and the
The other part of the mindset of Britain was to lower their staggering debt from years of colonial warfare was to establish several taxes on the colonies. The parliament began with the Sugar and Currency Acts of 1764 and the Stamp Act of 1765. The Currency Act was used to restrict the use of currency made by the colonies. This made it very hard for the colonists to grow the economy because of how there was a very limited amount of specie available to the colonists. This act limited the amount of trade that colonies were able to make out of the colonies themselves because this was money that the British were not making from the colonists because they were passing over a step in mercantilism. The Sugar Act was also passed in 1764 and was passed to combat the smuggling of molasses in the region of New England. The people
As the colonists defiantly stopped buying British goods and paying the accompanying taxes on them, the colonists felt more powerful and this sense of power spread revolutionary excitement. Regular, everyday colonists could be part of these colonial protests. The nonimportation agreements were enforced by the Sons of Liberty and the Daughters of Liberty. “The Sons of Liberty [wanted] to force all of the British stamp agents to resign and also stop many American merchants from ordering British trade goods.” Interestingly enough, the Sons of Liberty still proclaimed loyalty to the King as they only had a problem with Parliament. This fact shows how the colonists were on a revolutionary path, but still denied the revolution and were not yet at the point of no return. Both the Sons and Daughters of Liberty, along with other patriots, took money from and ransacked the homes of unpopular officials. As a result, the officials who were supposed to sell the stamps resigned. America had bought 25% of British exports and 50% of British shipping was bringing goods to America, and Britain suffered severely. Merchants and laborers in Britain were out of work and demanded the Stamp Act be repealed. Parliament reluctantly repealed the Stamp Act the next year. The American colonists had won the fight over the Stamp Act, but were still under British rule and the jurisdiction of
Every year, Americans across the country gather to celebrate their independence and freedom from the British government. On July 4th, 1776, America officially declared their independance from England, and the American people would be free from British tyranny. In the beginning, the Colonists did not want to be independant from the British Government, and were happily living in America and making money and embracing their freedoms(Notes Cite). However, the British government began to take away their freedoms and their rights by using taxes and implementing acts that upset the Colonists(Notes Cites).The colonists came to America to free themselves from persecution in Britain, and to start over and create a better life for themselves. In the
A shot was fired on either side leading to the death of five colonists. This event became known as the Boston Massacre. This fueled the colonists to continue protesting and eventually led to Britain repealing all taxes in the Tea Act in 1773 except on tea. This was an act for Britain to continue to pay the local government and shows it ultimate power over the colonies. In response to this, the colonists banded together in their common cause and in the night of 1773, the colonists dressed as Mohawk Indians and dumped tea into the Boston Harbor. This became known as the Boston Tea Party. It should also be noted that colonists participated in New York, Charleston, and Philadelphia. Their protests were successful and the East India trading ships could not unload their tea. This only added to the factor of unity against the evil that was Britain and was another successful for the colonies. But as the pattern continues, Britain retaliated by introducing the Intolerable Acts. This stated that there would be a blockade around Boston until the destroyed tea was paid for, and this introduced the Second Quartering Act where colonists had to house British soldiers in their homes. This act also sent 4,000 British soldiers to the colonies to enforce these laws and assert their
On March 5th 1770, British Soldiers shot and killed five colonists and injured 10 of them. The tragic event was nicknamed “The Bloody Massacre”, but the colonists were at fault because they were the ones that provoked the soldiers, they attacked the soldiers, and they created a chaotic scene.
On June 16, 1775 the British soldiers that were in Boston got orders to march to Concord.There mission was to destroy the colonists’ gunpowder. When they got there most of the gunpowder had already been moved. They destroyed what gunpowder was left. After that they marched back to Boston. Along the way the colonists were waiting in the woods behind trees and big rocks. They opened fire on the soldiers while they were marching. They did this until they finally reached Boston. When the soldiers got to Boston 174 were wounded and 73 were