Herbert Spencer's musings on Social Darwinism started before Charles Darwin's book, The Origin of Species, was even distributed. In any case, when Darwin's speculations were made open, Spencer adjusted his own thoughts to those of natural selection. Darwin believed that the solid survive and will outlast the powerless. Spencer took these thoughts further, asserting that human creatures with budgetary, innovative and physical force will live on, while others are substandard and will vanish (Hawkins, 1997). As the hypotheses have many similitudes, not slightest in their names, it can bring about confusion on where Darwin's speculations end and Spencer's start.
Any common dictionary would state that Philosophy is, “knowledge of nature or reality.” Changes during the Gilded Age would continue off achievements made alongside science. Theories of evolution and the introduction to Darwinism did not just have established a grip on scientific communities, but also philosophical communities as well. A great example would be to analyze the writings of Charles Darwin. Charles Darwin not only brought forth a theory of evolution to attempt to debunk Creationism, but he also delivered his theory of “Natural Selection.” It formed an ideology that only that best will survive or simply survival of the fittest. In fact, “Many social Darwinists stress competition between individuals in laissez-faire (hands-off) capitalism.” This spirit of Social Darwinism would continue its impact on Philosophy far past the reach of simple nature or reality.
In Darwin’s work The Origin of Species he also mentioned evidence for the Theory of Evolution from his voyage around the world on The H.M.S. Beagle. The Origin of Species is probably the most influential work on evolutionary biology. The Origin of Species will help prove my thesis because it introduces the ideas that we base on evolutionary biology today. Darwin changed the way that scientist looked at evolution during his time, Darwin and his book The Origin of Species are what made evolutionary biology what it is
Genetic mutation (changes at the level of DNA and genes) makes the natural selection happen. Mutations can be as a result of chemical or radiation damage or errors in DNA replication. Mutation can also be intentionally induced in order to adapt to a rapidly changing environment. Ernst Mayr Categories of Darwinism Darwin’s theory of evolution or Darwinism can be divided into 5 parts (Ernst Mayr): I “Evolution as such” – he supported the ability of species to change over time. II Common Descent – he felt that all of the diversity of life on earth emerged out of the evolution from one or a few common ancestors.
This gave rise to belief that there was a “hierarchy” of races and that the Europeans were at the top of the hierarchy. Imperialists used genetics as a justified explanation to why white people were more superior to other races. Darwin believed that animal species was adapting and changing to environments in the process of evolution. Never did Darwin suggest that this was meant to apply to humans and their societies, cultures and races. However although the theory adapted by Herbert Spencer, and originally created by Darwin, contributed towards imperialism and colonisation it was not the sole cause of it.
Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies. Jared Diamond exclaimed book Guns Germs and Steel emphasizes that the success of the human race is not related to intelligence but instead the environment. Diamond correlates the advantages the environment plays in essentials deciding the progress that a group of humans have. He goes on and provides numerous examples of how the environment plays a big part in the deciding who the dominant race will be. The overall idea that Diamond is suggesting is conceptually brilliant.
This quote was shown in the opening of the movie Gattaca whose civilization is made of mostly genetically modified beings. Parents in this world will genetically modify their children to have the best traits they could possibly have. These people are known as valids. Valids get a high status and the best jobs whereas if an individual was born “naturally” and untouched, they are considered invalid. In a similar world, Brave New World by Aldous Huxley individuals are not born from parents but from jars.
“The Race of Man”, is a scientific explanation for the similarities among humans, which argues whether mankind is subdivided into species, or more closely resemble subspecies or races. Darwin uses his theory of evolution to explain why there is a multitude of similarities in the development and inventive minds of all races, yet any observed differences are negligible. Furthermore, most differences that are visible in man today “cannot be of much importance” (Darwin 217), however, if such differences were important, natural selection would have either “fixed and preserved or eliminated” (Darwin 217) any distinction. Darwin begins by explaining the cause of most resemblances throughout all race. Charles Darwin describes the distinct descendants of man by comparing it to the descendants of domesticated animals.
Introduction Anthropology is said to be a study of humanity across time and space i.e how humans adapt to different environments, interact, socialize and behave. Homo erectus is an important focus of the study of humanity (human evolution) primarily because, it is said to be the first species to be found outside Africa and presented many anatomical features that happen to imitate evolution towards the pattern seen in homo sapiens, like brain size and parts of the skeleton below the head. This assignment focuses on Homo erectus by looking at the archeological record to discuss the relationship between biology and tool making and how they both outplay through cultural and cognitive development in the genus homo. Background history Homo erectus
For Darwin’s and his contemporaries, natural selection was in essence synonymous with evolution by natural selection. After the publication of On the Origin of species, educated people generally accepted that evolution had occurred in some form. However, natural selection