The most remarkable reactions to contemporary industrial society came in the Condition of England novels of the 1840s and early 1850s. Charles Dickens and Elizabeth Gaskell, among others, tried to stimulate social reform through their depiction of social problems. Dickens’ Hard Times and Gaskell’s North and South both include an industrious town in which, using the words of Friedrich Engels; “barbarous indifference, hard egotism on one hand, and nameless misery on the other” (25) are an everyday event. Remarkably, both novels feature an intolerant masculine character; mill owner John Thornton in North and South and teacher Thomas Gradgrind in Hard Times, respectively. Both characters are well known in the literary field, since they have been topic of discussion among critics for centuries.
Dickens teaches us a great deal about Victorian poverty, in London. The extract and novella as a whole illustrate the hardship and stigma the poor endured, which Dickens experienced himself as a child giving us a more vivid and accurate description. The novella was written, by Dickens, to verbalise the inequality and class division in Victorian society or else there was to be a revolution, like in France. Dickens conveys this through his use of language, literary devices, speech and characterisation. In this extract given we learn a lot about poverty through Scrooge’s clerks family; the Cratchits.
This further continued Lyndon B. Johnsons views and goal of creating a “Great Society.” Besides the goal of equality, Johnsons also declared an “unconditional war on poverty.” Johnson had made it one of his most important goals to end poverty. He had grown up poor and had firsthand experience of the suffering many people had in the United States. His initiative was to be cooperating, involving communities, the courts, and local governments. Johnson started his war on poverty with the Economic Opportunity Act of 1964, which provided numerous ways of which young people, living in poverty, could receive job training and higher education. Many programs were created to help people living in poverty acquire jobs.
By using sound rhetorical language, diction, and rhetorical appeals such as pathos and logos, Kelley was able to create a vivid speech that reflects on the inhumane ways child labor inflicts harm on the innocence that describes childhood, as well as convince the audience that women’s suffrage is the solution to this immoral problem. Firstly, Florence Kelley uses rhetorical devices such as epistrophe, oxymorons, rhetorical questioning, and hypophora in order to fulfill her purpose. Kelley uses epistrophe in Line 6, “Men increase,
In the laws of the land she has no rights; in government she has no voice, and in spite of another principle recognize in this republic, namely, that taxation without representation is tyranny, woman is taxed without being represented; her property may be consumed by heavy taxes, to defray the expenses of that unholy and unrighteous, thing called war, yet she cannot give her veto against it. From the cradle to the grave, she is subject to the power and control of man, father, guardian and husband. One conveys her like some piece of merchandise over to the other.” The hypocrisy of only taking advantage of one part of a person, like letting black people count towards the population but not have voting rights, is similar to taxing women but not giving them the vote. This hypocrisy perfectly defines the democratic experiment in the
As the penniless orphan daughter of a deceased gentleman, Jane Eyre is treated as the social Other wherever she goes, for she doesn’t fit into the establish social moulds of either gentry or servants. Apart from the orphans at Lowood and recluses at Marsh End (who are social outsiders themselves), characters in Jane Eyre shun the protagonist from their social circles. For example, at Gateshead, John Reed marginalizes Jane by calling her a “dependent” who doesn’t deserve to live amongst “gentleman’s children” (8). Mrs. Reed likewise separates Jane from the Reeds’ social circle by confining her to the nursery while her cousins spend their days in the drawing room (22) and calling Mr. Lloyd, the apothecary for “ailing servants,” instead of the family physician for Jane’s illness (15), thus placing her among the servants. However, the servants too reject Jane from their group—Miss Abbot told Jane that she is “less than a servant” because she does “nothing for [her] keep” (9).
The Flaws of Adult Society The novel, To Kill a Mockingbird, written by Harper Lee, demonstrates a young child’s perception of adult society, making it a fascinating point of view to read it from. This leads the story from being a love story, to becoming something far more marvelous. To Kill a Mockingbird, is set in Maycomb County, Alabama, United States of America, after the Great Depression, when the farmers were hit the hardest. Jean Louise Finch, also known as Scout, is a young girl who is the narrator of the novel . Scout has a father named Atticus Finch and a brother named Jeremy Atticus Finch, while her mother passed away when she was two.
The play Fences is a drama written by August Wilson who was one of six children and also dealt with opeesrrions and racism when he dropped out of school due the struggles of racism. The play Fences presents the character Troy Maxson a person who has faced racism and discrimanation throughout his life. The Pulitzer Prize winning play is set in 1957-1965, a time when African-Amercians where hopeful for a better life. In Fences, racism haunts Troy Maxon’s life past and present. The play brings the view of racism in the world through Tory Maxson, family and friends.
Using the pen name of Samuel Langhorne Clemens, Mark Twain was considered one of the most influencing authors of American fiction. First, his works used the voices of common people, reaching out to those with the same situation he had in life. Mark Twain used his books to describe his boyhood, in such a way so that others may relate. Second, he used his intelligence to tell others of his experience during American conflicts. In one of his books, The Gilded Age, Mark Twain explains to readers about the "selfishness and money-making schemes" during the Gilded Age, in further understanding of the revolution of American History.
In the mid 1900s, there were many gender-based social norms, such as the stereotypical perfect family. Holden Caulfield was, according to Elizabeth Frank, who is a Pulitzer Prize-winning writer and professor of Modern Languages and Literature at Bard College, “a champion of bad words and cutting school and pointing out the dreariness and the hypocrisy of that era . . . us put a name to all those intuitions we had that something was terribly wrong with civilization in America at that time.” (“The Catcher in the Rye”) His rebellious actions went against this societal norm, and showed that authority figures aren’t