During the 19th and 20th centuries there were numerous discussions and reflections about the social status of African-Americans, especially concerning their rights, and equality in comparison to the White Americans. “Letter from Birmingham Jail” is a letter written by Martin Luther King Jr in 1963, when African Americans were fighting for equality with the White Americans. King wrote this eloquent and profound letter while incarcerated in a prison in the city of Birmingham. In that letter, responding to criticism of his fellow members of the clergy, Dr. King explains to the world the purpose of its activities and choices. Indeed his colleagues were not adhering to its activities.
As society faced great inequities in the 19th and 20th centuries, activists and philosophers sought to inform the general public. At the turn of the 19th century, Thoreau presented his writing of a "Civil Disobedience" as an argument of the injustices of the tyrannical government after spending a night in jail. Likewise, Martin Luther King Jr. presented his argument to society as he was jailed in 1963. In his "Letter from Birmingham Jail," King perceives the injustice of the African American community as a primary goal as to the need for the advocation of the whole population. Whereas in Thoreau's "Civil Disobedience," it addresses the injustices in broader terms and stresses the despotic government.
Have you ever been punished so harshly to the point where it makes you rethink what life is really about? Or even question the law as well as the people in the world about their point of view on society? In the story “Letter From Birmingham Jail”, Martin Luther King Jr. criticizes the law & society by enlightening his audience with his letter from jail on how he as well as others was placed in jail due to his nonviolent protest on racism. His brief descriptions on his experience allows his intended readers African Americans, whites, as well as the press to understand the hardships in order to gain the right to freedom. Mr. King specifically indicates the understanding of African Americans, right/reason for equality, and the necessities for acceptance.
During the poem “Hard Rock Returns to Prison from the Hospital for the Criminal Insane” by Etheridge Knight, the inmates spoke very highly of all the bad things Hard Rock has done in prison. Hard Rock was known strictly for his violent behavior. When he returned from the hospital to the prison the atmosphere began to change right before the inmates’ eyes. Hard rock was no longer that powerful source that the inmates could depend on. His mind had been instructed to present pleasant behavior.
Prisons are meant to detain those that are deemed unjust by society, based on legislation enacted by all in order to maintain order. Due to this, the average person regards prisoners as dangerous people unfit to live freely amongst others. This stereotyping of prisoners makes frequent appearances in Bryan Stevenson’s Just Mercy, a title that recounts his journey as a lawyer over the past few decades. A Harvard Law School graduate, he finds himself intrigued with defending those wrongly facing the strictest punishments allowed: prison for life or even the death sentence. Initially at the Southern Prisoners Defense Committee, Stevenson eventually manages to move to Montgomery where he establishes the Equal Justice Initiative (EJI), in an attempt
The legend that accounts for the existence of the rose bush is that it sprung up from the footsteps of Ann Hutchinson as she entered the prison. Hawthorne begins the story with a reflection about the need for a cemetery and a prison because he likely wanted to illustrate the amount of deaths caused by the harsh environment of the New World while also emphasizing the fact that the Puritans had very strict rules in order to create a “Utopia of human virtue and happiness” (33). Hawthorne may also be setting the mood for the story as the idea of imprisonment and death are both very somber
(143) Consequently, Alexander wants us to know from this just how much ex-felons are treated as second class citizens, if even citizens, in our own country. Through this course, by discussing Alexander’s argument on life after prison, I have opened my eyes to the reality of the harsh treatment of ex-convicts in this country. I now feel it is important to be aware of and fight for the rights of those released from our corrupt prison system so that they can be given a real second
“ Vonnegut often returns to the theme of social inequality and to a quote from Eugene Debs (1855- 1926) … ‘ while there is a lower class I am in it, while there is a criminal element I am of it; while there is a soul in prison, I am not free.’ ” ( Jerome Klinkowitz, Kurt Vonnegut’s America) He suffered as a prisoner and prevailed as a
Even going as far as to use The Puritan church, The Puritan people, and The Puritan religion, to help prove his point. His own grandfather was involved in the 1692 Salem Witch Trials as a judge, and wrote The Scarlet Letter and The Crusival in honor of his grandfather. Nathaniel Hawthorne put a lot of thought into each of his novels carefully planning were hypocrisy would be used. Therefore, he emphasized The Puritan people's hypocrisy because they were the most hypocritical of all the characters. Hypocrisy played the biggest role in The Scarlet Letter defining each character's qualities, exposing each of their sins, and informing the character of the corrupt
Name: Javida Mohammad Sediq Dep: Anthropology Response Letter 11/15/17 “Discipline and Punish” According to Foucault discipline and punish is a history of the modern penal system. Foucault pursues to study punishment in its social background and to observe how changing power relations affected punishment. He begins by studying the situation before the eighteenth century when public execution and physical punishment were main punishments, and torture was part of most criminal inquiries. As he mentions in the text that punishment was formal and directed at the prisoner 's body.
Some reforms that have been built around the promise of public interest are the prison institutions, businesses, political machines, and voting rights. Before their reformation, these systems were oppressing minority communities from thriving. Before there was a prison system, citizens who chose not to follow the law were brutally punished. Then during the 1800s, the early stages of prison systems were developed.
The penalties for conducting unofficial services included imprisonment and larger fines. Under the policy of this time, Barrowe and Greenwood was executed for sedition in 1593. Scrooby member William Bradford, of Austerfield, kept a journal of the congregation 's events that would later be published about the Plymouth Plantation. Of this time, he wrote, however, after these things they could not long continue in any peaceable condition, but was hunted & persecuted on every side, so as their former afflictions were but as flea-bitings in comparison of these, which now came upon them. For some were taken & clapt up in prison, others had their houses besett & watcht night and day, & hardly escaped their hands; and ye most were faine to flie
The reason that the Rosenberg trial comes to light in history is because of the unusual punishments doled out to the respective parties involved. Every person involved that confessed was given a prison sentence, but when it came to the Rosenbergs, both Ethel and Julius refused to confess. Both pleaded the fifth as a means to stay silent. Most of the evidence presented against them were the words of Gold, Bentley, and Greenglass. Some historians argue that Gold, Bentley, and Greenglass confessed simply to make their prison sentences shorter.
So how do you punish the criminals and treat the mentally ill? That was the question that many states were wrestling with. States answered this question by building separate prisons and Asylums. Early prisons were commonly holes in the ground like abandoned mines and populated with both criminals and mental ill people(Brinkley, A. 2013 pg 333). As the understanding of the punishment for the criminals improved, states responding by building Penitentiaries with New York being first.
In conclusion, the rationale for the deinstitutionalization movement was fueled by reasons that tie directly to, “cost.” Some of the worst decisions are made trying to save a penny (Pustilnik, A. C, 2005). Mental Illness in the Prison System has by default become one of the worst perpetuating webs of problems that have spawned out of a single decision in the history of the United States (Reports F. S., 2001). This problem of how to care for, house, treat, and prepare for release this nation mentally ill from the justice system has to be as important as immigration reform or healthcare (Perez A., Leifman S., & Estada A., 2003). Mentally ill inmates uncared for typically end up back in prison in less than six months of their release (Metraux