This may reflect man's insecurity in a world that degrades him. The study would, tackle this important theme in Oliver Twist. The chapter concentrates on the negative effects of Victorian philosophical trends such as utilitarianism and materialism on poor in general and children in particular. Chapter Three is concerned with "dehumanization". This chapter examines the aspects in Dickens's novel which dehumanize man and mechanize him, some of which are materialism and social injustice.
The outcome moved toward becoming utilitarianism, in which nature is viewed as similarly as a new asset to nourish the industrial machine. The Industrial Revolution bolsters and fortifies the human-centric perspective. Indeed, before The Industrial Revolution, nature was a wellspring of secret that stimulated obscure feelings of trepidation. Be that as it may, after The Industrial Revolution nature wound up noticeably restrained by innovation. In such a circumstance, writers, similar to Lawrence, started to regret the lost quietness of the wide open under the savage hand of industry, and to uncover in their novels the ghastly state of the casualties of the Industrial Machine.
It is especially important to investigate the history behind ill-treated children since they have disoriented lives and are likely to repeat the cycle of abuse as adults. As seen in Arundhati Roy’s novel The God Of Small Things, where the cycle of abuse is repeated from generation to generation. The God Of Small Things is an intricately woven narrative that takes the reader through the feudal Indian society of the 1960’s. A society that is strongly male dominated, conservative, with a deeply embedded caste system. Male dominance is seen in the realm of political, social and financial arenas.
Alice in Wonderland Societal Reading Victorian society demanded a specific role of civilians with strict expectations they always adhere to. Charles Lutwidge Dodgson, more commonly recognised by his pen name, Lewis Carroll, is one author who questioned these expectations through the use of satire within his text Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland. Satirizing the rule and conventions of Victorian society is one manner in which Carroll subverts the nature of this time period by drawing specific attention to the worst aspects and proving how ridiculous they truly are. Two examples of this within Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland can be found within the tea party scene in chapter 7. This chapter depicts a Mad Hatter and his friends, the dormouse and March Hare all sitting around a “large” table, “but all three were all crowded together at one corner of it”.
These events created a distrust between Americans and their government and “caused him(Vonnegut) to question many of the power structures in the United States: the government, corporations, the military, and bureaucracies in general” (Mowery 1). He effectively criticizes the US government by turning “black-logic extensions of today’s absurdities into an imagined society of tomorrow at once gives us something to laugh at and much to fear” (King 426). Kurt Vonnegut satirizes the principles of complete government control throughout his short stories, “Welcome to the Monkey House”, “Tomorrow and Tomorrow and Tomorrow”, and “Harrison Bergeron.” In the short story, “Welcome to the Monkey House”, Vonnegut criticizes the US and future world government for oppressing the people with laws based on morality. These laws came into effect after the world experienced a population explosion of seventeen billion, mostly caused by the unchecked science community. The science community is not completely at fault though as they are just fulfilling man’s “desire for
Dystopian novels such as Dave Eggers’ The Circle, Margaret Atwood’s The Handmaid’s Tale consist a common problem that their society is run by totalitarian figures who oppress anyone that doesn’t believe in their ideals. Where the protagonists avert from being manipulated into their propaganda and arbitrary restrictions. Whereas, The Handmaid’s Tale is structured and developed into two parts, such as a sequence of events and historical context. Likewise, The Circle correlates to modern society due its contemporary lifestyle influenced by technology that supervises everyone’s motives. Which all corresponds to George Orwell’s 1984 totalitarian society where privacy is theft and the tyrannical association supervises and manipulates the public.
The wife is seen as the lower of the relationship. John continuously ignores his wife’s obvious condition. He may think that he is helping throughout the story, but overall he sees her condition, but makes it clear that his power over her is still intact. John thinks that he always knows best. This relationship is making the narrator's condition worse, and her husband doesn’t seem to care that much.
the darkness found him out’’ (Achebe; 1988). This statement by Achebe is inherently true. Kurtz had succumbed to the darkness that lay repressed deep within him. Kurtz being away from civilization, being his own boss and him being away from his home and thus people he identifies as being of the same moral standing pushed Kurtz over the edge. There being no one around to remind Kurtz of his moral compass made it easier for Kurtz to lose his way and thus allow himself to become just as barbaric as those he came to bring civilization to.
10 Conclusion Charles Dickens’ works describe social life extensively,and he ruthlessly exposes the ugly social phenomena and fiercely criticizes the evils of society from the angle of humanitarianism which stresses ethics and morals,known as “moral cry”. In a word, Dickens is concerned about the poor. In Hard Times , the Coketowners live and work in misery, as the result of industrialization. However behind the pain and distress, there is love folating about. Love gives the poor the strength to undergo any suffering.
Oliver Twist is a novel full of contrasts, it brings the readers to the world of greatest good as well as wicked rottenness . It shows criminals on the one side, and people upholding the law and having the power to punish on the other side . It depicts godless outcasts and virtuous believers, incorrigible sinners and people looking for redemption . British society hoped to restrain a growing impoverished people by establishing workhouses. These workhouses forced those who had been ill-educated, and unable to provide a stable income, to work under inhumane circumstances.