Also, Montesquieu’s idea of the separation of powers helped shape the government. It was put into place to keep one branch from becoming overpowered. Without these key concepts, our government would supposedly become or stay as an absolute monarch. In conclusion, The Enlightenment greatly impacted the American Government and Revolution because the ideas and concepts that were gained from the time period supported the new beginning of our nation’s prodigious
Did you know Charles Carroll was the only Catholic to sign the declaration of independence? Or that at that time was known as the wealthiest man in America? Charles Carroll was born September 19, 1737 in Annapolis, Maryland and, as a child he was so sick that it was thought he would not live past his childhood. At the age of 8 his dad took him to France for Catholic schooling because at the time all Catholics were denied any kind of political,religious,or educational freedom. Charles attended St.Omer for six years then after that when on to do six more years of college.
Post Thirty Years war left France looking for a new leadership style that would give plenty of stability. What France received was Louis XIV, who would reign under the new absolute monarchy government. During Louis’ reign, divine rights controlled rank in society. This left many confused on why they were picked to be at the bottom of society, and why the king was given his power. Jean Domat, a royally appointed juror by king Louis helped explain a better understanding of the new system of governance to the people of France in his writings.
Several historians argue that Louis XIV was a more despotic than absolutistic ruler. Adhering to the theory of the divine right of kings, Louis XIV “stretched the [monarchal] system to its limits,” ignoring the “traditional restraints recognized by most absolutists” (Beik 223; Fox 141). Although despotism and absolutism are incredibly similar in regards to exercising absolutistic rule, despotism is perceived to be a distinctly oppressive and cruel form of ruling. The “restraints” that William Beik mentions refer to attempts made by absolute leaders to distance themselves from cruel actions in order to retain popularity, an attempt that was not always made by Louis XIV. Academic historian Paul Fox similarly argues that “Louis XIV fitted into the despotic class of monarch,” as opposed to the “royal” class (Fox 138).
Richard Henry Lee was born in 1732 in Virginia. He was born into fame and wealth. He was the oldest of the four boys born unto Thomas and Hannah Harrison Ludwell Lee. Richard was raised around military officers, diplomats, and legislature. Richard’s father Thomas Lee, was the governor of Virginia before he fell ill and passed away in 1750.
John Locke was an English Philosopher whose belief on government and the people challenged the long-established ways of thinking about society and government, but influenced the founding fathers especially Thomas Jefferson who to put Locke’s ideas into his own document about the foundation of the United States. The Glorious Revolution in England during the late 1600s that John Locke witnessed, compelled him to write the Two Treatise of Government, integrating his beliefs that “the state of nature has the law of nature to govern it … all men are equal” in his work of political philosophy (Locke 1). Locke suggests that humans are not inferior to each other even though Absolutism was the traditional way of ruling. He believed that the human government should not be based off of divine right, but should be based off of human nature. Locke argued that since everyone holds the executive capacity of the natural laws, all people should be respected of the rights that they have as individuals.
A goal of the French Revolution was that the third estate became eager to have an actual leader that would pay attention to their needs so they because the National Assembly and agreed on the tennis court oath. They also wanted to create a new government but king Louis XVI wouldn’t sign it off so the National Assembly got mad and they overthrew the bastille. The bastille was a jail where all the prisoners were being kept. The third estate created the Declaration of the rights of man and of the citizen to express these goals. The goal of the American Revolution was to get away from the British government and be free.
With a relationship to France from the French Revolution, the relationship soon changed from attachment to division. As the execution of King Louis XVI prompted the Reign of Terror, Federalists believed that the French fought immorally and corruptly. Therefore, we believed that any encouragement to the French would have demolished America because the revolution became anarchy. Once the French sparked war with Great Britain, the Americans had a commitment, under the Treaty of Alliance, to aid the French in the
The main ideas of the Enlightenment were reason, individualism, Fraternity, and skepticism. These main Enlightenment ideas triggered many goals for the French Revolution throughout the Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizens. These goals were equality in all men, religious toleration, freedom of speech, and promotion Democracy. Throughout all the Enlightenment ideas and goals of the French Revolution, Napoleon did uphold Enlightenment ideas through the Napoleonic Code, but he mostly betrayed Enlightenment ideas because of when he declared himself an Emperor and when he disposed his fellow monarchs and appointed members of his family/friends to those posts. The Enlightenment sparked and altered many future events because of its significant ideas.
Winston Churchill was extremely passionate about the ideas of Democratic Freedom, and those who continually strived for victory. He continually built off these ideas whilst constructing his public image. When spoken about, Churchill would not only be considered an entity of virtue and humanness, but a voice of reason within such a tumultuous world. When leading the British people, Churchill would specifically choose not to release information regarding Hitler's vast amount of afflictions and wrongdoings. Within such cases as WWII, this was vital, for hope was just as important as militaristic success.