1. INTRODUCTION Water is used for production, construction and consumption amongst other uses. Water that meets the required quality sustains lives, promotes good public health and sustainable environment (National resources defense council, 2014)). Most of the world water resources lack basic protection from factory, industries and other activities that pollute the water; which leads to contamination of drinking water, habitat degradation and beach closures. Polluted water sources threaten life span and wellbeing by destabilizing the ecosystem.
Prevalence of Chronic Kidney Disease About 1 in 10 people have some degree of chronic kidney disease, and millions of patients die prematurely of kidney-related complications. While kidney diseases can affect people of all ages and races, communities which have high rates of diabetes and high blood pressure have a higher risk of chronic kidney disease. In Hong Kong in particular, Chronic kidney disease is listed the No. 7 leading cause of death. However, there is a lack of awareness and knowledge of chronic kidney diseases among the whole world.
Even though they are treated, they are never the same fresh water. In many situations, the sewage is not treated but directly dumped into the sea or water bodies. This is very dangerous because they pollute the environment and water bodies and bring many deadly diseases to us. Septic Tanks - Biological processes break down the solids from septic tank and when the liquid is drained to the water it is making huge troubles. The e-coli bacteria which is present in human waste is very dangerous and drinking this water can cause harmful side effects .
Sometimes, lupus affects the patients’ kidneys and makes them become unable to function properly. This condition is called lupus nephritis. Lupus nephritis is the most serious type of lupus because the kidneys have significant functions to help control blood pressure and filter wastes and toxins from the blood. Moreover, it has dangerous symptoms which are high blood pressure, increased urination at night, and blood in the urine. It is stated by Webmed that, “up to 60% of lupus patients will develop lupus nephritis.
A growing number of chemicals had been detected on Long Island drinking water. A study conducted by EPA identified water in Long Island had the man-made chemical, 1,4-dioxane. This chemical was observed being prevalent in Long Island water as opposed to other regions around the nation. Its presence in the water sources of Long Island poses a health risk and danger to the residents, since its known to lead to increased risks of cancer in individuals consuming it(Dooley n.p). A survey done on the water of Long Island found out that the levels of 1,4-dioxane were so high in the water supplies, and that this generates heightened risk on the population that consumes the contaminated water.
Water is one of the key elements for human survival, development progressions and success. However, the current trends of destruction of fresh water sources have been turned into be the most limiting factor for achieving sustainable development at every aspects. The water use conflicts among different players for life on earth i.e. agriculture, industry, urbanization and pollution of river water due to industrialization and other anthropogenic causes are very high in all over the world and severe in developing country. Rivers have always provided fresh water for humans and have been the mean of production of food, transportation, recreation and sites for settlement for thousands of years.
The hazards of water pollution: Practically all water contaminations are dangerous to people and in addition lesser species; sodium is embroiled in cardiovascular sickness, nitrates in blood issue. Mercury and lead can cause anxious scatters. A few contaminants are cancer-causing agents. DDT is harmful to people and can change chromosomes. PCBs cause liver and nerve harm skin emissions, regurgitating, fever, Diarrhoea, and foetal anomalies.
Industrial corporations have continuously used bodies of water to their advantage by having their factories use water as an energy source and trash bin. Toxic chemicals are released by these factories and sometimes directly dumped back into the water. Aquatic plants benefit from the carbon dioxide released by factories, but too much can harm the biodiversity of that ecosystem and other marine life and acidity levels will also rise. A bigger population means more consumption and as the human consumption has increased throughout the years, landfills have been overflowed by large amounts of trash. When liquids and other materials begin to degrade, they release a juice that can be toxic if consumed.
It is estimated that about 1 billion people all around the world lack access to clean drinking water. Poor management of water resources has led to the degradation of water. In most cases poor people are the ones who suffer the consequences. It is reported that 80% of all illness in developing countries is related to unclean water and poor sanitation. It is estimated that more than 3 million people die every year due to infectious
Some of these by-products are poisonous for both nature and human beings. India has over the years developed an increased demand for water. The water is contaminated by the pollution from factories, private persons, stores and humans in general. The industry is releasing a lot of pollution, without being able to handle it. In many cases, pollution is released untreated straight into rivers and water reservoirs.