Chlorine gas was a very lethal gas used in World War I. The Germans used it in the second battle of Ypres in 1815. Chlorine gas looked like a yellow green cloud and affected the respiratory tracts which caused death. Phosgene gas was similar to chlorine gas but it was stronger than chlorine gas. It was also deadlier than chlorine gas but it took 48 hours to kick in.
The machine gun was responsible for killing many soldiers when they crossed into “no-man’s land.” The machine gun would fire hundreds of bullets with the pull of the trigger. Another new technology was the tank. The first tank was created in 1815 and was called the British Mark I. They were used to cross the land and get to the enemy. Eventually, the tactics for stopping tanks were
Likewise the movie, the book describe the time when the battalion was mistaken shelled by American batteries. In his book, Lost Battalions, Richard Slotkin, writes,” Artillery bombardment was the most terrible aspect of combat on the Western Front,...........but to be bombarded by your own artillery was the most demoralizing thing that could
It was worse than gas.” Napalm was a brand new substance that was introduced by the Germans, which was a jelly like substance that could be easily transported and when ignited, would burn ferociously for a long period of time. Chemical warfare was arguably one of the most in humane and dangerous warfare of all time. Chlorine and phosgene gases were the two original gases that were thrown across the battlefield and would be blown through the wind to eventually meet the enemy. Different gases have different devastating effects. The most commonly used gas was
The most effective 2 were the artillery and the gas, the quotes on pages 22 and 25 show just how effective these weapons were, “Artillery could destroy a trench before an attack began.” And also “In total, some 1,200,000 soldiers one both sides were gassed, of whom at least 90,000 died.” Those quotes show just how devastating and effective these weapons were. Main 3 In WW1 the weather conditions effected the soldiers in the trenches very harshly. The main 3 weather conditions that made it hard for the soldiers were the excessive amount of rain, the heat from summer and worse of all the extreme cold from winter. The quote from the winter in the trench section tells you how bad the winter is in the trenches, “There was still rain but also below freezing weather and snow.” “Frostbite was rampant sometimes leading to amputation. Trenches did not provide any warmth.” These quotes showed the kind of weather that the soldiers in the trenches had to go through.
The Silk Road was the missing factor that would change the face of warfare across the planet. Merchants travelled across mountain ranges and deserts to bring gunpowder to the west. The gunpowder had the greatest impact on western civilization, as we know it today. The introduction first commenced when Arabian scientists started experimenting with gunpowder and its utilizations in warfare. When Europe invaded the Arabs in the 11th century, they turned their newfound weapon on the European troops, which initially sparked fear, interest and high demand on the West, who were very induced in war.
The doctors used methods such as, scalding baths, sleeping bags, and even forcing copulation. The best method they found to work was to place the victim in a warm bath and raise the temperature slowly. While its not known how many people the Nazis used for these experiments it is know that between 80 to 100 people were killed during the tests. The research for hypothermia has been used on and off in modern situations but it is still neglected a lot of the time. It has been proven that the cold kills 20 times more people every year than the
The soldiers alerted their fellow comrades of the gas, and then they had to quickly put their masks on and take cover in the shell hole. The use of gas was so destructive and dangerous because the soldiers could only hope that their masks were airtight, and were protecting them from the gas. The physical consequences of breathing in the gas resulted in damaged and clotted lungs (Remarque 67-70). Remarque portrays the destructive physical aspects to war, to show how brutal war truly is. Remarque also explains the mental and emotional damage that war can have on a
During those four years, many Jews died one way or another. But after 1938, all authority of imprisonment fell to the Nazis (www.ushmm.org Concentration Camps). This was the cause that forced nearly all Jews into cattle cars within a month. The Jews were convinced by the Nazis that they were just being relocated, but they were going to the so-called “Shower rooms,” but they were really gas chambers disguised(Blohm 48). Many of the concentration camps were improper, lacked protection from the weather, and one was just a series of tunnels inside a mountain that the Jews were forced on to build a secret weapon(Blohm 28) Many different countries did liberate the Jews.
WW2 was a monumental conflict that changed, drastically altered, and influenced Modern Warfare with its development of weapons technology and the introduction of new strategic ideas. World War 2 produced many weapons of mass destruction, for example, machine guns, assault rifles, heavy tanks, and Jet fighters. But the most horrible
Ypres, Belgium- Yesterday, on April 24, the First Canadian Division won recognition by holding their ground at Salient Ypres, against German 's new weapon of modern warfare, chlorine gas for 2 days. On April 22, the Germans released 160 tons of chlorine gas towards the French accompanied by the Canadians and British, which caused many to asphyxiate by drowning in their own bodily fluids. (Ypres 1915) "The French defences crumbled as many died or fled, leaving a gaping 6 kilometre hole in the Allied line. "(Foot) 6,000 French colonial troops were killed or wounded within ten minutes of the gas being released. (Duffy) Two days after the first attack, the Germans released another attack of gas and artillery towards the Canadians at St. Juliens.
Around 5 P.M. Jackson released his troops on the right flank. While screaming the “Rebel Yell,” Jackson and his troops devastated the Union 11th corps and pushed them back for 2 miles, however, the feeling of victory was short lived. Stonewall Jackson fell mortally wounded when his own men opened fire on him while he and his fellow leaders of the corps returned from a recon mission to reorganise his troops and find the Union lines because they thought it was a Union charge. The skirmishes and games of wits of the first two days gave way to a huge slugging match on May 3rd on 3 sides of the Chancellorsville intersection. General Hooker abandoned a key position in a move of naϊveness while the Confederate artillery bombarded the surrounding area from a high-ground position.
Through the cloud of dust, and after a perfectly placed barrage, the Allies advanced and by 3:50am the New Zealanders where on the crest of the ridge. The 3rd Australian division suffered badly with an attack using phosgene shells causing 500 men to be gassed and temporarily put out of action and hundreds of others who fell to shrapnel wounds. Despite the few setbacks, the Allies advanced quickly with the German frontlines being taken in just 3 hours. All objectives were secured within twelve hours of the initial explosion. The German troops launched a counter-attack which was managed and the remaining German resistance was extinguished on the 11th of June.
In the battle of Ypres, the most unconventional and cruel weapon was used, chlorine gas. The gas not only killed several hundred people, but also injured many soldiers severely on both sides of the front. It had the ability to cause blindness, lung diseases, disfiguration and burns. In this situation, the only defense the soldiers had against the gas was a handkerchief soaked in urine (as the ammonia crystallised the chlorine gas). The gas mask was a simple invention but for the soldiers, it was miraculous and a ray of hope that they could survive the war.
The bombing also delayed the use of Hitler’s Vergeltungswaffe rockets. Operation Hydra was an allied strategic bombing raid on the Peenemünde Army Research Centre on the 17th/18th August 1943. These raids, according to Joseph Goebbels, caused a setback of ‘six to eight weeks’ in terms of the testing of the revolutionary weapon. This setback meant that the development of the V-2 Rocket occurred too late to become a significant factor in the outcome of the war and hence Allied Strategic Bombing was greatly significant in these regards. Allied Strategic Bombing also