Pour the hot reaction mixture now out into a petridish, covered with a paper to prevent loss by sublimation, and allow to cool. Step II: Preparation of anthranilic acid from pthalimide Reaction: (Step 2 is Hoffmann degradation reaction) Procedure: 4. Dissolve 15 g sodium hydroxide in 15 ml water. Keep the solution cool and add 4.2 mL bromine in one lot. 5.
1.00 gram of fine white salicylic acid powder was weighed in a clean, dry 125mL Erlenmeyer flask. 3mL of strong smelling, clear colorless acetic anhydride liquid was then measured in a 10mL graduated cylinder in the fume hood, and poured into the Erlenmeyer flask. The flask was then gently swirled while 5 drops of 85% phosphoric acid was added to the flask. During this time, the solution in the flask was whitish and cloudy. Phosphoric acid was used in the synthesis to become a source of H+ ions that would catalyze the reaction.
In this experiment, racemic 2-methylcyclohexanone was reduced using sodium borohydride as a nucleophile to give a diastereomeric mixture of cis and trans secondary alcohols. The products were analyzed for purity using IR spectroscopy and gas chromatography. 1.2 g of 2-methylcyclohexanone and 10 mL of methanol were combined in a flask and cooled in an ice bath. Two 100 mg portions of sodium borohydride were added to the flask and stirred. 5 mL of 3M sodium hydroxide, 5 mL of de-ionized water, and 15 mL of hexane were added to the reaction flask and stirred.
The sample was transferred to a 250 ml conical flask kept in water bath for alkali treatment. 75 ml of 17.5% caustic soda was measured using a measuring cylinder at 20°C. 15 ml of 17.5% NaOH was added and fibres were macerated gently with a flattened glass rod for 1 minute. 10 ml more NaOH was added and the solution was mixed for 45 seconds. 10 ml NaOH was again added and mixed for 15 seconds to make lump free slurry.
22.5 g of plate count agar powder was dissolved in a litre of sterile distilled water on the hot plate 2. pH of the solution was adjusted to 7.0 ± 0.2 by adding NaOH or HCl and was immediately transferred into the Schott bottle to be autoclaved at 121 ° C for 15 minutes 3. Prepared medium was stored in 4° C chiller Lauryl Sulphate Broth
Put the caps on the bottles and shake them until all the sugar is dissolved. Testing the Sugar Solutions All of the solutions should be the same temperature before testing Place the hydrometer in the 0% sugar bottle, record your reading in your notebook Repeat this step for the 5%, 10%, 15%, 20% and 25% sugar solutions. Rinse and dry the hydrometer between readings. Testing the Soda and Iced Tea Place the hydrometer in soda 1(coke). Record the value on the hydrometer in your notebook Remove the hydrometer and rinse and dry
6 H2O) in 100 ml distilled water. (vi) 0.2(N) Sodium Hydroxide solution: Dissolve 8.0 gm sodium hydroxide in 1 l distilled water. (vii) Acetic acid: Dilute 1 part of glacial acid with 4 parts of water. (viii) Stock cyanide solution: Dissolve 2.51 gm potassium cyanide (A.R. Grade) in 1 l water, standardize this solution with 0.0192(N) silver nitrate solution.
The sample was placed into appropriate vials as the liquid (L), and the vial was closed by the stopper. For 59.0℃ (acetone-rich side of azeotrope). 25 mL of chloroform and 75 mL acetone were added into the 250 mL round bottom flask. Small amount of boiling stone was added into the flask. The mixture was then distilled.