Also, primarily, 4,000 men, woman, and children died from disease, exposure to extreme conditions, and hunger. It is now remembered as The Trail of Tears”. (“How-the-Native-Americans-Were-Treated-In-The-1800 -
The marches took place over two thousand-two hundred miles, moving the Cherokees from the east to the Midwest. Over four thousand Cherokees died during the march. Those who died consisted of the elders and the infants who could not endure the harsh conditions they were exposed to. Removing them was morally wrong because
However, president Jackson made it unpeaceful. Native Americans could migrate or stay under some conditions which later were not respected by the president. According to www.pbs.org, <>. In addition, many Native Americans lost their lives from the Trail of Tears.
The trail they took was 1,200 miles long. About 25% of all the people died on the hard grueling trip. The Trail of Tears was a monstrous thing happened at the hand of Andrew Jackson. Andrew Jackson’s personality and beliefs would make him do some
During this forced migration more than 2,500 Choctaws died from exposure and starvation (Everyculture.com/Choctaws/Removal). In 1747-1750 the Choctaws experienced the Choctaw Civil War, it was recorded as being the most catastrophic event in Choctaw history (Everyculture.com/Choctaw/Relations with The Colonizers). The loss of so many members of their tribe left them severely
Therefore, according to Morgan and Cody (as well as other contemporaries sharing similar viewpoints), as Americans gradually permeated Native American territories and established towns and cities, these Native American communities—supposedly made up of primitive barbarians—would fail to come to terms with American efforts to “civilize” Native Americans, thus resulting in warfare between the U.S. and these Indian tribes, and eventually leading to the total genocide of the Indian population (2). However, although warfare did erupt between the two groups—which resulted in the extermination of the majority of Native Americans—theories of total extinction of the Native Americans were inaccurate for two dominant reasons: one, a small but significant group of tribes remained after the intrusion of White settlers, and two, Indians tribes were not made up of simpleminded brutes, but intelligent peoples who were, initially, willing to negotiate with U.S. envoys before war erupted. Both of these facts disproved the claim that Native American stubbornness to adapt to American civilization would be the only cause of their demise—instead, it was the U.S.’ fault
The poor whites were raiding the Indian settlements. The governor at the time, William Berkley, became angry with the poor whites since he wanted to maintain cordial relations with the natives who were selling him deer skins and furs, which he was importing to Europe. In retaliation, the peasant farmers burned Jamestown to the ground. The revolt latter is dissolved, but the rebellion had a lasting impact that led to the hastening of the end of the use of indentured servants in favor of slaves. The Native Americans captured in the frontier wars continued to be enslaved but each act of aggression against them by the European colonialists made future diplomacy with neighboring Indians more difficult as they felt assaulted in their home ground (Chapter2 75).
The Genocide: Trail of Tears/ The Indian removal act During the 1830s the united states congress and president Andrew Jackson created and passed the “Indian removal act”. Which allowed Jackson to forcibly remove the Indians from their native lands in the southeastern states, such as Florida and Mississippi, and send them to specific “Indian reservations” across the Mississippi river, so the whites could take over their land. From 1830-1839 the five civilized tribes (The Cherokee, Choctaw, Seminole, and Chickasaw) were forced, sometimes by gun point, to march about 1,000 miles to what is present day Oklahoma.
In 1838, the Cherokees were forced to give up their lands and to migrate to present-day Oklahoma, due to the signing of The Treaty of New Echota. The Cherokees were deported from their homes, betrayed by the government whom they treated with respect, separated them from their land that they nurtured; the Cherokee struggled to understand how to make a new life. The Indian Removal led to thousands of Cherokees to die due to starvation, diseases, and exhaustion during their march known as The Trail of Tears. This paper will discuss the effects it had on the Cherokees and what has happened during the trail.
The Trail of Tears event of the removal of the Indians happened in 1838. “At the beginning of the 1830s, nearly 125,000 Native Americans lived on millions of acres of land in Georgia, Tennessee, Alabama, North Carolina and Florida–land their ancestors had occupied and cultivated for generations. ”(History.com Staff). In this event, the Cherokee community of Native Americans was forced by the US government to move from their native home in the Southern part of the contemporary America to what is known as the Indian territories in Oklahoma. Arguments over land, restrictions, and laws were common amongst the Indians and settlers/whites.
During one of his powerful speeches, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. said “Our nation was born in genocide when it embraced the doctrine that the original American, the Indian, was an inferior race.” Scholars talk of what happened to the Indians as a great tragedy, but never anything further. We deny what happened to the Indians, particularly the Cherokees. During the 1830’s, the United States government set out to remove all Cherokee individuals from their homes and relocate them west. Relocation meant ending up on a land foreign to them, and presented with environmental conditions that posed difficulties for human living.
With the arrival of Anglo-Americans, Native Americans lost much more than just their land. Tribes were forced onto reservations, stripped of their culture, wealth and place in society, with no hope of regaining what they owned unless by complete assimilation. For the latter half of the 19th and early 20th centuries, many Anglo-Americans continually pushed for Native Americans to abandon their cultures and “savage” ways. However, despite the many attempts to force Natives into Anglo-American culture, many Native Americans found ways to negotiate with the demands of the Anglo-Americans through mainly social, economic and legal means.