The Genocide: Trail of Tears/ The Indian removal act During the 1830s the united states congress and president Andrew Jackson created and passed the “Indian removal act”. Which allowed Jackson to forcibly remove the Indians from their native lands in the southeastern states, such as Florida and Mississippi, and send them to specific “Indian reservations” across the Mississippi river, so the whites could take over their land. From 1830-1839 the five civilized tribes (The Cherokee, Choctaw, Seminole, and Chickasaw) were forced, sometimes by gun point, to march about 1,000 miles to what is present day Oklahoma.
In 1825, Georgia finalized a fraudulent treaty entitling themselves to most of the Creek Indians’ land, but the Cherokees refused to leave. Georgia then deprived the Cherokee Indians of all legal rights in 1828, which influenced Jackson’s Indian Removal Act in 1830. The Act allowed state officials to override federal protection of Native Americans so Georgia could force the Cherokees westward to Oklahoma, or Indian Territory. In 1838, the military lead thousands of Cherokees there on what was called the Trail of Tears. Along the way, about ¼ died of hunger, disease, and the mistreatments of white men they encountered.
Jackson had a great vision of running the country from a common man’s perspective but failed to oversee beyond this perspective and see the bigger picture. At the start of the new nation, the government was bouncing back and forth wether power should stay with the states or within the central governmetn intself. Jackson followed many of the Jefferson’s idea for government and also belived on states rights. This idea slowly began to change when one of the states, south carolina, began to threat the government of seceden from the union.
Indian Removal Act:There's no place like home The” Trail of Tears” is remembered as the most catastrophic events in American history. It was popularly known as the “Trail of Tears” because it had adverse effects on the history,culture and development of the Cherokee Indians .The “Indian Removal Act” was established during President Andrew Jackson’s jurisdiction. It led to the suffering and deaths of thousands of Cherokee Indians.
But, Jackson Completely did not care about the Native Americans and used great military force when the deadline was reaching for the “Trail of Tears” to end. In the end Andrew Jackson because of his force killed over 4000 Native Americans on the journey. This was very cruel for Jackson to do, especially killing this many people on the journey. On top of his killing them, it was very inhumane for him to make them walk this distance and not even give them any help along the treacherous journey. You might have thought that this was all for the better for the states and expanding the new nation, but it was uncalled for him to force
Burnett said it himself, “Murder is murder, and somebody must answer. Somebody must explain the streams of blood that flowed in the Indian country in the summer of 1838. Somebody must explain the 4000 silent graves that mark the trail of the Cherokees to their exile.” This event took place because American were searching for more land. The Cherokees were happy and healthy at their old homes, but once President Andrew signed the bill in 1830, making it the Indian Removal Act, the Indians had no control whatsoever and had to do what they were told.
The Trail of Tears commonly refers to a series of forced relocations of Native American nations in the United States following the Indian Removal Act of 1830. The removal included members of the Cherokee, Muscogee, Seminole, Chickasaw, and Choctaw nations, who chose not to absorb American society, from their ancestral homelands in the southeastern U.S. to an area west of the Mississippi River that had been designated as Indian Territory. Native Americans who chose to stay and absorb the American society were allowed to become citizens in their states and of the U.S. The phrase "Trail of Tears" originated from a description of the removal of the Choctaw Nation in 1831. Evidence from Research: Many Native Americans suffered from exposure, disease, and starvation while going on the route to their destinations, many died, around 2,000-6,000 of the 16,543 relocated Cherokee.
Andrew Jackson disobeyed a direct order from the Supreme Court, which it means he was above the law. I really wonder how Americans tolerated him, at that time, he was cruel to the Indian common man. Because of him, the Native Americans have the worst end of the Trail of Tears. They are the ones who are forced out of their traditional homes and sent away on a journey of pain and death. Those who had fallen ill, most of the time died, and those who had the will to move on were able to make it to the end and start new lives.
Born in poverty, Andrew Jackson had become a wealthy Tennessee lawyer and rising young politician by 1812. When war broke out between the United States and Britain, his leadership in that conflict earned Jackson national fame as a military hero and he would become America’s most influential and polarizing political figure during the 1820’s and 1830’s. The year is 1763 in Tennessee and Washington D.C. during the life of Andrew Jackson. As he lived, Mr. Jackson did some foolish things and some impacting things. An example of three of the foolish things that Mr. Jackson did are the following:
Native Americans flourished in North America, but over time white settlers came and started invading their territory. Native Americans were constantly being thrown and pushed off their land. Sorrowfully this continued as the Americans looked for new opportunities and land in the West. When the whites came to the west, it changed the Native American’s lives forever. The Native Americans had to adapt to the whites, which was difficult for them.
The Cherokee tribes are Native toward the North American landmass. At the point when the European settlers came over in the sixteenth century, the Cherokee Native American Indians were living in the East and Southeast United States. They are one of five tribes known as the Five Civilised Tribes. Alternate tribes were the Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, and Seminole. They were considered as civilised by white settlers because they had started using a significant number of the traditions grabbed from the colonists.
Under influence of president Andrew Jackson, the congress was urged in 1830 to pass the Indian Removal Act, with the goal of relocated many Native Americans in the East territory, the west of Mississippi river. The Trail of tears was made for the interest of the minorities. Indeed, if president Jackson wished to relocate the Native Americans, it was because he wanted to take advantage of the gold he found on their land. Then, even though the Cherokee won their case in front the supreme court, the president and congress pushed them out(Darrenkamp).
Although Jackson was important, he was part of many terrible things. Around the 1820s there were many major indian tribes in eastern United States such as Cherokee, Chickasaw, Creek and Seminole. This soon came to a change. Andrew Jackson thought these Indians were in the way of eastern development, using the Indian Removal Act which the congress had approved he decided to kick them out and send them west. In 1831 the Supreme Court ruled that the Cherokee Indians had the right to self government and the United States could not interfere with that.
NATIVE AMERICANS American Indians are indigenous to North and South America—they are the people who were here before Columbus and other European explorers came to this land. They live (and lived) in nations, tribes, and bands across both continents. For decades following the arrival of Europeans, American Indians clashed with the newcomers who had ruptured the Indian’s way of living. For centuries to come, Indians were often displaced, became assimilated or even worse, killed.