The Cherokee People The Cherokee people have been around for years prior to European invasion and colonization. By the time of European contact, the Cherokee spoke multiple dialects and were spread over a vast area of land (Sturm, 2002, p. 30) As per Indians.org, the Cherokee people are a North American Indigenous group of Iroquoian descent. Originally from the Great Lakes region, a migration to the east coast had taken place.
The battle of Kettle Creek occurred in February 14, 1779 in Wilkes County, Georgia. A militia force of 400 Patriots led by Andrew Pickens from South Carolina, Colonel John Dooly and Lieutenant Elijah Clarke from Georgia. In a surprise attack defeated a loyalist militia twice their size that was led by James Boyd. Savannah, Georgia was recently captured by the British on December, 29, 1778. Loyalist welcomed the British, while the Patriots prepared for battle.
Stand Watie was born at Oothcaloga in the Cherokee Nation, Georgia on December 12, 1806. Stand Watie 's name in the Cherokee Nation was De gata ga, which means "he stands. " Watie was also known by other aliases, such as Isaac S. Watie. As a young boy he attended Moravian Mission School at Springplace Georgia, and moved on to serve as a clerk of the Cherokee Supreme Court and Speaker of the Cherokee National Council.
Sam Houston: The Texas Leader Sam Houston is one of the most important leaders in Texas history. He is mostly well known for commanding the army during The Texas Revolution. He also had many other accomplishments. Sam Houston was born on March 2, 1793 onto his parents’ farm in Lexington Virginia. His family was severely poor.
To the United States Senate and House of Representatives, I am a member of the Cherokee nation currently residing in the state of Georgia. Over the past several years, I have watched as the citizens of Georgia have begun coming onto Cherokee land and slowly attempting to take over. Although I do know that a cause of this sudden disruption was the discovery of gold on our land, this does not change the fact that our fathers, yours and mine, have taken part in multiple agreements over the years which established these land boundaries. However, it has recently become aware to me that it seems we have entered into a Treaty of New Echota, which promises us land in the West, money, and compensation for our lands lost, given that we remove ourselves from our native land within two years time. I have several grievances regarding this agreement, the first of which being that the treaty is not a true binding settlement.
Honorable Wilson Lumpkin was born in Virginia on January 14th, 1783. He had many roles in local government and believed in the removal of the cherokee indians. His family was exposed to attacks from “hostile and savage” indian neighbors and developed the idea that the two cultures could not live together peacefully. Hon. WIlson Lumpkin was one of Georgia’s most prominent political leaders in the antebellum period according to the New Georgia Encyclopedia.
When the colonies were being established in the United States, there were struggles between white colonists and the Native Americans already living there. Mary Musgrove helped this improve this situation when Georgia was being founded in the seventeenth century. Her blended background gave her skills that helped her bridge both groups. Born in 1700 in South Carolina, Mary Musgrove 's original name was Cousaponakeesa. Her father was white and worked as a trader.
The French and Indian war was a war fought between France and Britain. “This New World conflict marked another chapter in the long imperial struggle between Britain and France.” (History.com Staff, 2009) This war lasted for seven years (also called the Seven Years’ War) beginning in 1753 to 1763. This long lasting battle began the changes within these countries to form.
Patrick Henry has spoken a very stunning speech today, March 23, 1775 at the Virginia House of Burgesses. The colonial leader was born on May 29, 1736 in a farmhouse. As a young man, he was a storekeeper and farmer, but then he soon studied law and became a lawyer and now an admired speaker. The most famous verse of the long speech was the closing sentence, which is “I know not what course others may take: but as for me, give me liberty or give me death!”Colonists soon found out the purpose of the amazing speech was to persuade the virginians to get ready for the long war against the british. The speech definitely showed his patriotism and belief in Liberty.
When the Indian Removal Act became a law everything began to change. As a result, Jackson’s goal was accomplished and Indians lives were affected. Before Jackson’s presidency, he was a prosecuting attorney in Nashville, Tennessee, and he soon became a Major General due to his success in the War of 1812. In the year of 1814 Jackson served as Major General during a five month battle against the Creek Indians.
James Bowie was born in Kentucky in 1796 but spent most of his life in Louisiana. He started to become famous in 1827 and because of the Sandbar Fight. James Bowie moved to Texas in 1830. Bowie joined the military of Texas and took part and lead forces in the Battle Of Conception and in the Grass Fight. In early 1836 he arrived in the Alamo and led the volunteer forces until he became ill and weak and he died in early March(March sixth) along with the other defenders of the Alamo.
When you here the name George Rogers Clark you probably wouldn’t know who it is right off the top of your head. Well he is remembered as the heroic Revolutionary War commander and that he also led a force of frontiersman through the numbing waters of the Illinois countryside so he could capture a British-held named Fort Sackville during February of 1779 (National Park Service). The capture of Fort Sackville was by far his most dramatic accomplishment. He continued exertions throughout the war (National Park Service). During the war he put a lot of effort into building forts along the Mississippi and Ohio rivers.
This led to the Indian Removal Act and what the Cherokee call Trail of Tears. Over several years, Jackson seized millions of acres of Indian Lands making room for cotton plantations. The Removal Act signed in 1830, by President Jackson, was to guarantee the Indians would have land in the west but these promises were later broken. The Removal Act was
xIs it wrong to kick someone out of their own home when they didn’t do anything wrong? The Cherokee was in that same situation. The Cherokees’ situation was just like taking a cell phone ,which is dear to a human, away. They were kicked off their own land. They had done nothing too bad, but the Georgians wanted them to leave.
From eight present-day states; Virginia, West Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, Georgia, Alabama, North Carolina, and South Carolina, more than forty thousand square miles, lived the largest Native American tribe in the United States. The Cherokee. The Cherokee were once a very powerful tribe, they had lived and hunted in a large area of land. Like many Native American tribes, the Cherokee had called themselves “the real people” or the “principal people”. In Cherokee, that word is Ani-Yun-wiya.