This region generates income from abundant oil resources that can be used in development of the area. Oshwofasa, et al. (2012) mentions, “Petroleum and derivatives dominate the Nigerian economy making up about 98 percent of exports, over 80 percent of government’s annual revenue and 70 percent of budgetary expenditure”. Unfortunately, half of people in Niger Delta still live in poverty as the oil company resist to conduct social corporate responsibility while the locals continues to suffer from the destructive effect of the oil industry. The main cause in explaining this issue is the unconcerned government in neglecting the destruction made by the irresponsible operation management of the oil companies to Niger Delta region people for their own profit.
The Niger Delta Crisis in Southern Nigeria. - Ogoni Land The oil-rich Niger Delta region of Nigeria has been embroiled in crisis between the government forces and some militant elements that are aggrieved over certain fundamental issues affecting the Region According to Bontee (2009) Before oil was discovered in Nigeria, there were other export commodities like Groundnut, Tin Ore, Cotton, e.t.c from the Northern Region and Cocoa from the western region. Economically viable petroleum was discovered in Ogoniland in 1957, just one year after the discovery of Nigeria's first commercial petroleum deposit, resulting in the oil boom era of the 70’s, Agriculture which was the mainstay of the economy was in the hands of both Northern and Western
What is the role of the Nigerian government and oil companies in the Niger Delta conflict? Methods Research methodology signify the perception of the whole research process – even including socio-organizational setting, philosophical hypothesis, moral standards and the political cause of new learning for the research project (Neuman: 2011). The Case study blueprint The section will clarify the case study blueprint for this paper. There are two important classification of case study according to Yin (2003). The scope of the paper starts with the technical classification, and then a case paper is an empirical study that studies an occurrence in a particular environment, more especially in the absence of specific clarities to the occurrences.
international obligations concerning decommissioning and disposal are primarily imposed on state parties who in turn have the responsibility to ensure that oil producing companies are responsible for decommissioning activities. This means that failure by oil companies to undertake decommissioning responsibility; the state has the duty to remove any redundant installations left by oil companies which cause pollution or any damage to other people. For states to avoid taking the liability of oil companies, international obligations require states to put in place mechanisms to ensure oil and gas companies are liable for decommissioning b ensuring hey provide security for decommissioning even before production. To understand how states may benefit from Responsible decommissioning we need a closer look at the UK as a pioneer model for the decommissioning of disused or abandoned platforms. The UK Petroleum Act 1998, outlines the process which oil companies undergo during the submitting an abandonment programmes for redundant offshore
SWOT investigation outlines the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats liable to effect an association strategy improvement. Tullow's SWOT examination comprises of the accompanying: • Its strengths includes the strong impact within the African sub-continent as Africa’s leading independent oil company and its substantial amount of its oil and gas assets are in Africa. • It major weakness is its extensive debt. In 2011, the company had net liability of $2,854 million with unutilised debt capacity of approximately $826 million. • Its opportunities includes; having a durable record for obtaining assets and companies; major oil and gas projects in Uganda and Ghana; and principal expenditure plans with a number of explorations, development, and production projects.
5.1 In this chapter the results of the research will be explained and how the different theories coincide with the conflict and where it didn’t. 5.2 Conclusion Apparently, it was the policies instigated by the Nigerian government in managing the oil-related problems that aggravated the conflict in the Delta. This is because of oil related policies did not take cognisance of the impacts of oil on the financial and socio-economic relations of Niger Delta indigenes. Evidence on the ground suggests that after the examination of different approaches and activities of the Nigerian government in the Delta demonstrate that social relations, for example, Deltans plea for land compensation, or socioeconomic situations like employment were so negligently
A volatile government produces grievances which is the direct result of the fight involving the state and rebels over natural resource rents; it simply means; states ’greedy’ actions generate volatility, that in turn activates grievances which leads to conflict. Though this does not match the Niger Delta case rather it proves that the greed cause is the leading force to the grievances that set off the conflict. The greedy Nigerian Government uneven oil benefit distribution toppled with structured marginalization against the Deltans created horizontal inequalities that paved way for grievances that on its turn led to
The Human Right Consequence of Royal Dutch Shell oil company in the Niger Delta Region: The portfolio is aiming to indicate how non-state actors like that of Multinational Business Organizations become responsible for violating human right in the region they are performing business activities. I took the specific case of human right violation inflicted by The Royal Dutch Shell Company in the Niger Delta region and its inhabitants. The portfolio discusses, specific problems the case entails in International law and Global governance, the involved parties, the issues raised, and other relevant elements. This portfolio reviews a real-life example, which help to grasp the increasing involvement of non-state actors in international law by taking the example of one of the famous multinational petroleum extractor in the world, The Royal Dutch Shell petroleum company, how this multinational company involved issues concerning human right violation in the Niger Delta region, the socio-Economic and political impacts it creates for the Ogoni ethnic group by destroying the subsistence farming and fishing based economy of the region. The situation will be illustrated in the portfolio followed by listing of the relevant sources and websites which have direct relations with the case at hand.
The purpose of this paper however is to carry out critical assessment of the activities of SHELL Petroleum one of the most popular multinational corporations in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria with the view to determine as well as measure this hazards produced by the Multinational Corporations against the people development programs and policies that they embark on such as scholarships. This study will also investigate how the activities in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria have contributed to a huge level of environmental degradation that has impacted negatively on the peoples of the region. The two major aspects that will be discussed in this paper are oil spillage and gas
The objective of this study is to determine, from accounting perspective, the environmental consequences of the operations of oil and gas companies in the Niger-Delta region of Nigeria. The study was motivated by the curiosity to explain what goes on in the Niger-Delta region in the light of environmental degradation and the continuous agitation for a sustainable approach to corporate social responsibility (CSR). The study adopted the ex-post facto research design. Questionnaires were used to collect data from primary sources while relying on previous studies for secondary data. The Yaro Yamani sampling determination technique was applied to a sample size of 300 respondents drawn from a population of three million.