Section #4 Assignment #4 Analyze two salient (very important or noticeable) legal decisions that have affected the educational standing of Chicanos. The two important legal decisions that have affected the educational standing of Chicano would be Mendez vs Westminster 1946 and Serna vs Portales Municipal Schools 1974. Each court case opened up new educational opportunities for Chicanos. Mendez vs Westminster 1946 was a federal court case that challenged racial segregation in Orange County, California schools. Five Mexican families challenged the practice of school segregation; they claimed that their children and many other children of Mexican ancestry were victims of unconstitutional discrimination by being forced to attend different …show more content…
As the Chicanos in the community felt that, the schools district’s opinion of English as a second language was not a correct response to the educational needs of Chicana/o students (Bernal). The court held that the district’s failure to offer such programs that can provide Chicana/o students a meaningful education was against their rights under the Title VI. This court case was significant because it made education equal by setting up bilingual and bicultural programs for the …show more content…
From each decade that has passed Chicano, music has taken musical changes and has incorporated this to create their type of sound. The different influences brought about what makes Chicano music its own. It is a musical style with roots in the intercultural conflicts and experiences from Anglos and Mexicans (Ortega). In the end what makes Chicano music different than other types of music is that it has a unique set of sounds, genres, linguistic mixing, poetry and political thought is the fact that this music moves people (Ortega). It draws from the past, it is expressed through political lyrics, and content with respect to what the Chicano’s experienced. Chicano music will continue to change but the historical styles will always remain, it will continue to blend and incorporate new sounds for future generations. Describe how Noriega links the expression of Chicano cinema with the Chicano
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Segregation of Mexican Americans from the dominant Anglo race has been around for many years. Since the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo Mexican Americans have been treated like a second-class race facing racism and segregation. As a result, segregation in the education system affected Mexican American children. An increasing number of Mexican Americans across California led to an increase of Mexican children enrolling in schools. Author David James Gonzales (2017), explores the degrading school facilities Mexican students were assigned to.
Board of Education, whereby it was the ruling of the court that there should be no racial discrimination in any if the public schools because this was a violation of the constitution. This implies that in the case of Hernandez, there should have been no discrimination against the Mexican Americans regarding the composition of the jury so that people of different races such as the Mexican Americans could have a fair representation. Moreover, the case was also related to the Civil Rights Movement which routed for equality among the different races and fought against the discrimination of blacks and those of a different race than the
With the rise of student resistance, Chicana and Chicano students in East Los Angeles schools were motivated by a desire to create just and equitable learning environments. However, the school resistance of Chicana and Chicano students is often marred by narratives, such as the one in the Los Angeles Times, which suggests that the students’ goal was to incite chaos and violence without acknowledging that the walkouts were a response to unequal access to education and omission of Chicano history and culture in their school curriculum. In the Los Angeles Times article, “Start of a Revolution?: ‘Brown Power’ Unity Seen Behind School Disorders,” the author, Dial Torgerson includes the voices of students at the foreground of the Chicano movement, but fails to include that their acts of resistance were more than a rise of militancy. Torgerson recognizes the walkouts as acts of “Mass Militancy” and “Scenes of Disorder” sparked by student rebellion, and by doing so he is ignoring the role police played in executing violence against students. More importantly, Torgerson marginalizes the experiences of Mexican-American students when he questions the validity of students’ complaint about facing discrimination at the academic level (“Is there any significance to students’ complaints that Mexican-Americans are being pushed into shop courses, and
This lack of broader appreciation could lead us to question the borders we place on others and if it affects situations such as this one. Although she was beloved in San Antonio, Rosita Fernández lacked the world recognition she so truly deserved in that eras tough, masculinist industry of music. The singer’s music can act as a borderland as well. When observing just her music, you will see that Fernández’s music appears to conflict with Chicano musicality. She didn’t seem to be perfectly labeled to just a Mexican musician or a American musician.
In my scholarly project, I want to write a research paper on Mexican corridos (ballads). Although corridos are very influential in the Hispanic (Mexican) population today, some people still sing along to the music without knowing what it means or what it’s trying to convey. My goal is to help people understand what Mexican corridos are, and answer questions like what do performers try to convey through this music? How have Mexican corridos changed throughout the years? What influenced corridos to change (if they did change)?
The controversial issue of the origins of the salsa dance and music dominates the music industry in the US. Various explanations exist on the factors and circumstances which led to the emergence of the Salsa dance in the United States. Moreover, the contribution of different Afro-Latin music styles in the development of salsa music and dance styles have been under dispute. These Afro-Latin music styles stem their impacts on themes such as sentimental expressions, ideological and religious sentiments, present occurrences and the supernatural. The Colonial rule of the Cuban and Puerto Rico regions by the Spaniards and North American conquest promoted activities such as slavery among Africans.
“In Texas and California, Mexican Americans were involved in numerous desegregation court battles,” Muñoz reports, “the first was ‘Jesus Salvatierra v. Independent School District’ in Del Rio, Texas in 1930” This was a result of Mexican American students having less resources than their white counterparts.
Brown vs. Board of Education (1954) declared that separate public schools for African American and White children is unconstitutional. This ruling paved the way for desegregation and was a major victory for the civil rights movement. In regards to providing an equal education I believe this ruling did help to level the playing field. All students would now be receiving equal education and facilities giving them equal opportunity. I do know that it didn 't exactly go down peacefully and many African Americans still did not receive fair treatment for many many years but it was a stepping stone to move education in the right direction.
Deborah Pacini Hernandez wrote a book titled Oye Como Va!, which she explains about hybridity and identity. According to the book, she is associate professor of Anthropology and American studies at Tufts University. She has written other books on Spanish-language music, such as Bachata: A Social History of Dominican Popular Music and Reggaeton and Rockin’ Las Americas: The Global Politics of Rock in Latin/o America. This to an extent allows me to consider Hernandez an authoritative source for my topic. Hernandez goes over hybridity, which is “the mixture of two or more dissimilar elements” (1).
The author Patria Roman-Velazquez is considered an authoritative source for my topic because she has written an article that concentrates on popular music in Spanish. She has studied the construction of Latin American identities in which she analyzes the relationship between body and music. Her article can be creditable because it is found in an academic database where it was peer reviewed. The article examines the construction of Latino identities and basically an attempt for the author to explain the interrelation between body and music in a specific setting (Roman-Velasquez 115). The main point includes particular Spanish language music is vital to influencing individuals to embodied particular identities.
This is similar to what I am researching. This would be considered an authoritative source for my topic because it is a journal in a book that is collected in order to be a critical sourcebook. I am not quite sure of biases might the author have but there is a large section of references at the end of the chapter and the author talks solely about Black culture. This has to do with black identities influenced by hip hop. The texts examines Black stylized English (BSE) and Black English (BE) which is found in music such as Hip Hop, rap, R&B, and reggae.
Brittney Foster SOCY 423 UMUC 03/01/2018 Racial integration of schools Racial integration is a situation whereby people of all races come together to achieve a common goal and hence making a unified system. Racial integration of schools is well elaborated in the two articles by Pettigrew and Kirp. These two articles say that combination in the American schools since 1954 has unceremoniously ushered out the Brown versus Board of Education which was a decision made by the Supreme Court. The topic of discussion of these two articles hence is relevant to our course since it gives us the light of how racial desegregation and racial integration shaped America’s history.
Costa Rica is such a diverse country. With an array of different ecosystems and a mixture of people with roots from all over, it is no surprise that the music has just as much diversity. Costa Rica has plenty of influences on their music: Indigenous, European, African, Western, and other Latin American countries. Therefore, music in Costa Rica stems from various genres because of the many influences from other cultures. Traditional Costa Rican music relies heavily on the indigenous, European, and African influences that are shown within Costa Rica’s own demographics.
Just because this type of music (Los Brincos, Chica Ye Ye, etc.) is “simple” does not mean that popular music was any less meaningful or important to the development of social imaginaries. The development of even having popular music shows important strides in Spain developing its own unique and specific culture. Social imaginaries are not boxes for people to fit in neatly, but instead are multi-level Venn-diagrams that can look like a mess if you do not know how to properly analyze them. The 1960s were a time of great change for Spain, and through the medium of music young people were able to find their voices in the midst of political and social upheaval. While Franco was promoting the idea that, “Spain was different,” in order to appeal to the world around him, Spain actually was changing.