Child Abuse And Neglect: A Case Study

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As nurses, we are required to report any suspected child abuse and/or neglect. The Federal Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA) defines child abuse and neglect as, “Any recent act or failure to act on the part of a parent or caretaker which results in death, serious physical or emotional harm, sexual abuse or exploitation; or an act or failure to act which presents an imminent risk of serious harm” (“What is Child Abuse and Neglect”, 2013). The National Children’s Alliance (n.d.) reports the following child abuse statistics: 1,670 children died from abuse and neglect in 2015; nearly 700,000 children suffer abuse annually in the United States; more than three million children are under Child Protective Services; children under the …show more content…

In the provided case study, Joe recognizes that Mark and Steve are suffering from child neglect. Neglect is defined as “the failure of a parent, guardian, or other caregiver to provide for a child’s basic needs. Neglect may be physical, medical, educational and emotional” (“What is Child Abuse and Neglect,” 2013). In North Carolina, nurses are required to report any suspected child abuse and neglect. Additionally, under Stat. § 7B-301 “Any person or institution who knowingly or wantonly fails to report the case of a juvenile as required, or who knowingly or wantonly prevents another person from making a report as required, is guilty of a Class 1 misdemeanor” (“Penalties for Failure,” …show more content…

Education can be directed to the general public via public service announcements or provided directly to those perpetrating or suffering from the maltreatment. To increase the effectiveness of prevention programs, parents should be allowed to participate in the planning, implementation and evaluation of these programs. “Parents are more likely to make lasting changes when they are empowered to identify solutions that make sense for them” (Preventing Child Abuse and Neglect, 2013). Many abusers were once abused themselves; therefore, parent education programs are a good idea. During these programs parents can be taught positive parenting skills and be paired with a mentor that can provide support during difficult times. If a child is believed to be at risk for being abused or neglected, home visiting programs can be helpful in deterring abuse. Additionally, during stressful situations respite and crisis care programs can provide short term care for children in high risk environments (“Preventing Child Abuse and Neglect,” 2013). Individual, relationship, community and societal factors need to be considered when assessing risk factors for child maltreatment. Stanhope and Lancaster (2016, p. 840-841) indicates the following individual, familial, community and societal factors:
• Individual factors – social isolation, decreased role performance within the family, developmental and behavioral difficulties,

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