Society often tends to accept that fact that parents might sometimes physically hurt their children as long as this harm is not related to serious physical injuries. Spanking, for example, is usually not associated with the real intention of parents to hurt their children, yet abuse is defined by the harm that it brings and not by motivation of the caregivers. Physical abuse, as empirical studies show, is associated with the chronic arousal of stress responses and high level of arousal to environment (Jelic Tuscic, Flander & Matescovic, 2013). Therefore, regardless of the fact that physical abuse might often be perceived as something that only affects child’s physical state, the negative consequences of physical child abuse are also psychological. As to short-term consequences of this type of abuse, they include injuries and chronic pain.
As a matter of fact, this is the most common form of child abuse. Further on, psychological abuse is the abuse of the mind or mental state that creates emotional damage. Psychological abuse often includes, frequent yelling, withholding kindness or affects, and harsh jokes. Lastly, sexual abuse is the last type of abuse. Sexual abuse is any type of behavior toward a child that is intended for an offender’s sexual stimulation.
Child abuse can mean different things to different children, and can happen once or many times. Many thousands of children are affected by abuse each year, be it physical, sexual or emotional abuse, or neglect, at the hands of abusive caregivers who neglect them, making child abuse both shocking and common. Child abuse affects many children around the world. All children and young adults deserve the right to live free from exploitation and abuse. Collectively as a society we have a responsibility to prevent abuse and neglect, providing a safe environment for all children and young people.
Research evidence suggests that divorce has a significant impact on children’s well-being both in the short and long term. Immediately following divorce/separation, children often experience a significantly reduced standard of living, emotional pain and the loss of important relationships (Thompson & Amato, 1999). A meta-analysis of 92 studies carried out in the 1980’s (Amato & Keith, 1991) and of a further 67 studies from the 1990’s (Amato, 2001) compared children from divorced families with children from intact families. The children from divorced families had significantly lower scores on a range of outcomes including educational achievement, psychological adjustment, self-concept, behaviour, social competence and long-term health. Children from separated families are more likely to suffer psychological symptoms such as dependency, low self- esteem, anxiety and depression (Di Stefano & Cyr, 2014).
The truth is, there is a fine line between child abuse and teaching a child a lesson. All these types of abuse can cause serious, mental, and physical traumas which can stay with them throughout their whole life. That is there for socially unjust. When children are being abused it's not easy for them to ask for help. Don’t wait for them to ask, step up and give them the help they need.
Children who are abused may not be able to express their feelings safely and as a result, may develop difficulties regulating their emotions. As adults, they may continue to struggle with their feelings, which can lead to depression or anxiety. The following are some of possible effects of child abuse and neglect on a child’s mental health: • Anxiety • Depression • Aggression • sex • Academic problems in school-aged children and adolescents • Self-destructiveness • Lack of trust • Drug and alcohol • Difficulty sleeping • Loss of interest The overall impact of abuse also depends on the child’s natural reactions to stress and ways of coping with stressful situations. Other factors can include age at which the trauma occurred, previous exposure to unrelated traumatic incidents and extent of therapy or timing of intervention. Physical
“Where we are is who we are,” said Ms. Moore. The additional cause is having poor emotions. Akan Usakli’s research (2013) found that the most common problems seen in single parent families’ children are depression, stress, loneliness, aggression, compliance, smoke, alcohol, narcotics. For example, the stress single parent children risk to fight other people and after then they will grow up by being aggressive. The sensitive emotion of the single parent children can lead them to wrong
The negative effects of divorce result in some changes in psychological and emotional of every one that is involved in the divorce process. After divorce many parents have some problems that they will need to figure out how to adjust with it for the rest of their life. The stress of divorce decreases or damage the relationship between parents and their child. It is also stressful for the parents to adjust to their role as a single parent. Divorce parents may not be able to provide all the necessary support that their children may need as they are going through some kind of stress.
Review of the Literature The purpose of this research is to investigate the effects of child sexual abuse on the adult survivor. A thorough exploration of the literature will provide insight as to the prevalence of child sexual abuse, coping skills survivors use and the long term effects that many survivors face. Sexual Child Abuse Some forms of sexual abuse involves physical contact. These include fondling, intercourse, masturbation, anal sex, and oral or vaginal penetration with objects. Other types of sexual abuse, such as leering, exhibitionism, and sexual suggestiveness, do not involve physical contact of any kind.
Overall, significant evidence suggests a correlation between childhood sexual abuse and mental health. Findings support the notion that men and women who experienced abuse as children are at higher risk for psychological impairments such as lower self esteem and depression. Children of abused individuals are at an elevated risk of developing a psychological disorder by internalizing their parents problems and engaging in anti-social behaviors. Esteves et al. research adds to the growing body of literature highlighting the integration of parental history, mood disorders and the biological significance of child health and development (Esteves et al.,