Child Development: The Different Theories Of Cognitive Development

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Cognitive development “Cognitive development is a field that studies a child’s development in terms of information processing, perceptual skills, conceptual resources, language learning and other aspects of brain development.” Cognitive means ‘conscious intellectual activities’ of a person which includes thinking, reading, remembering etc. During adolescent stage, the child also goes through cognitive development along with other changes. Cognitive development includes the different processes of thinking, remembering, problem-solving, decision-making from childhood adolescent to adulthood. Cognitive development in early childhood Young children are not only growing physically during early childhood, but they are also growing mentally. Children…show more content…
He explained how a child develops his mentality. He disagreed that intelligence is inherited but that it is developed by the child’s observation skills of the environment. By observing his children, he said that a child goes through four cognitive critical stages. They are like little scientists as they try to understand their surroundings and ask a lot of questions on random things. They explore their surroundings and try to understand it. Each stage is marked by the shift in how kids understand their…show more content…
The concrete operational stage that deals from age 7 to age 11. 4. The formal operational stage, which begins in adolescence and spans into adulthood. The sensorimotor stage; During this stage, infants and toddlers acquire knowledge through sensory experiences and by touching and moving objects. Children learn about the world through basic actions such as sucking, grasping, looking and listening. At this stage, a child’s intelligence consists on their basic sensory experience. By feeling and touching objects, a child is able to attach names to them. They realize that their actions can cause things to happen in the world around them. The Preoperational Stage; At this stage, kids learn through pretend play but still struggle with logic and taking the point of view of other people. They begin to think symbolically and learn to use words and pictures to represent objects. The concrete operational stage; Kids at this point of development begin to think more logically, but their thinking can also be very inelastic. They struggle between real and imaginative thoughts. Thinking becomes more logical and organized, but still very concrete. They also become less egocentric and they think about other

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