Development is the series of age-related changes that happen over the course of a life span. Theories of development provide a framework for thinking about human growth, development, and learning. Developmental theories provide a set of guiding principles and concepts that describe and explain human development. The famous psychologist Sigmund Freud describes development as a series of stages. The Stages are periods in development in which people exhibit typical behavior patterns and establishes particular capacities.
The principles and values relevant to factors which affect a child 's physical and language development, include ensuring that the practice is child centred, as this will result in then being able to reach their full potential while within the setting. One of the first values for when a child 's development has been affected, is to put the child first, as we have a duty of care towards them. One way in which we can put a child first, it to ensure that, while they are in the setting, that they get well balanced and nutritional meals, as some families might not be able to afford 3 full meals a day, especially when there are more than one child within. By providing services such as breakfast clubs and free school meals, it means that all children will be getting food which will help with their physical development as they will be getting enough nutrients to fulfil the growth that from their genetics. By putting a child at the centre of care, this could also include using their interests within the setting, as it can help and encourage children to develop their language skills, as they will be more willing to learn.
Having the right knowledge, skills and experience in understanding how children or young people develop are very important tools for early years practitioners. We must put to mind that each child born into this world is unique. Children are born with different characters, their personalities and behaviours are formed and influenced by a variety of factors. These factors may affect their ways of interacting with the environment and community or setting in which they live in. Most of the time, adults mainly focus on the physical development of a child and so quick to base their conclusions or judgement on the physical skills.
Child Development Theory: Behavioral learning theories Reason for Selecting the Theory: I choose the behavioral learning theories to go with this book is because of operant conditioning. Behavior can only be shaped gradually in small step, which is what the octopus suggested when saying he must
Introduction Development refers to the pattern of continuity and change in human capabalities that occurs throughout the course of life (King, 2008). Children development is is a part of human development that refers to a biological, emotional, and psychological changes that take a place in human beings between birth to adult. To develop from the child to adult, there are two main focus which is nature and nurture that must come together. Nature refers to the gene or heredity, meanwhile nurture involve the environment around us. The famous Swiss developmental psychologist, Jean Piaget in his theory also become our main source of theory to study about child development and changed the way we think about how children develop.
This period is an continue process in education which is focus on physical and cognitive development The child development is an continuous process where the child develop an appropriate behaviour which define de child in the relation whit himself or with adults. There are two very important factors which can influence the child development. If a child is experiencing emotional stress states and he cannot cope with, this can affect his ability to develop physically and learn. We like adults have to provide all the opportunities to learn , ensuring protection and above all love. Early education is considering the fundamental period for brain development.
Throughout this whole semester there has been many important concepts about the development of life and how we can analyze the growth of one’s mind after birth. Psychologists make these observations closely in order to have a better understanding of how individual’s mindsets process information. In the textbook “Life-Span Development, 15th Edition” by John W. Santrock, he elaborates on how the brain works in different stages of life. For each stage of life there are different components to how the brain and the human body function properly. In chapter five of the book it talks about the cognitive development in infancy and how through this stage infants are starting to explore.
Child development is an area of significant interest to professionals who deal with children on a daily basis. It is through child development theorists and their theories that we begin to form an understanding of how children develop emotionally and socially to become fully grown adults in society with a moral and emotional compass/. Teachers need to study child development in order to provide developmentally appropriate educational experiences for children. Health professionals also need to understand this area to support children in their physical, social, emotional and cognitive journey to becoming functioning adults in society. Childhood is a concept that is affected by social context and also by history.
The parents or carers and immediate family will have the biggest impact on a child’s social development however it is as important to take into consideration that a child’s development is influenced by a wider network of social supports Bronfenbrenner, U (2009). Urie Bronfenbrenner developed the Ecological systems theory to explain how a child’s development is effected by their social relationships and by everything in their surrounding environment. He believed that each person’s environment is divided into five different environmental levels which are the Microsystem, the Mesosystem, the Exosystem, the Macrosystem and the Chronosystem and that each of these levels impact the child’s development either directly or non-directly Bronfenbrenner, U (2009)