The Open University of Hong Kong Li Ka Shing Institute of Professional and Continuing Education PTD38 Higher Diploma in Early Childhood Education (2014-2015) ASSIGNMENT 1 MY PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION Student Number: 11396646 Student: CHENG KA YIU, YOYO Class: U09A Course Code: EDU4017EP Course Title: Introduction to Early Childhood Education Instructor: Ms. Hailey Chan Programme Leader: Dr. Eunice Yim Submission Date: 14 November 2014
Therefore, social and emotional development can be supported by practice as adults play a key role in helping children to socialise and engage with others. Tassoni (2015) suggests that we need to start by making sure that we create the optimum conditions for children to socialise and there are many ways to do this within a setting depending on age, stage, and needs of the children who you work with. Play is a marvellous way in which children are able to explore their emotions and develop their social skills. It allows children to legitimately and safely show emotions whilst being destructive and realising their feelings, but also explore social situations and develop essential social skills such as interpreting others emotions. The DCSF (2008) support this by saying through play babies and young children learn, grown and have fun.
Research shows that play helps cognitive development of preschoolers. Some scholars pointed out that constructive play and playing with adults help children more in learning and promotion of cognitive skills (Hutt, 1981). In most kindergartens in Hong Kong, teaching occurs in structured classroom setting. Children are mostly passive learners. To facilitate learning of children, patterns of learning can be modified and more elements of cognitive training can be added in play of students.
In general, playing is the mutual popular activity among children because playing is fun and flexible, it can be personal, with the presence of others or with the social presence of others (De Kort & Ijsselsteijn, 2008). The researchers and experts believe that the power of play has an important psychological role in children’s development, as reinforced by Sutton-Smith (1993, p. 279) using “play as progress” and “play ethos” by Peter Smith (1988, p. 166) both cited in Pellegrini (1995). Goldstein (2012) stated that pretend play is one of the common types of interactive social play among 2- to 6-years-old children. He also mentioned that as children grow, the nature and function of pretend play will also change from simple imitation to more
Also, play helps children to develop their physical, mental, social and emotionally. If children and young people have access to good play provision then it many benefits for them, these may be: • It will help to increase the children and young people’s awareness, self-esteem and self-respect. • It will give them opportunity to mix with other children whatever their background or ability are. •
The development of mind is called cognitive development it means that a part of brain is used for recognising, reasoning, knowing, and understanding. It may also involve what a person knows and the ability to understand, reason and solve problems and also the person’s memory, concentration level, attention level, perception, imagination and creativity. A child’s cognitive development can be promoted by engaging them in quality interactions on everyday basis like talking and naming commonly used objects, by letting them to explore new toys, reading stories and books, singing and most importantly answering there ‘why’ questions all time. Stages of cognitive development from birth to seven years: There are four stages of cognitive development
Pedagogical documentation is an ongoing process for educators to facilitate, grow and improve the children’s development. It is including a few steps of collecting data, analyses data, reflect on how children’s learning takes place, plan to enhance their learning and take into account of the relevant learning theory. Pedagogical document is a tool to explore children’s everyday experiences and make it visible about the nature of the learning process to other child, teacher and adult (Fleet et.al, 2011). The practitioner believes that the philosophy play is an important tool to facilitate children’s development. Play offers opportunities for children to participate in a group to learn different social skills such as sharing, turn taking, negotiating
Having the right knowledge, skills and experience in understanding how children or young people develop are very important tools for early years practitioners. We must put to mind that each child born into this world is unique.
Competency 1 As a teacher, I understand this competency to mean that I must be aware of human development processes, and use this information to plan instruction and continue valuation that will inspire students and cater to their individual developmental and needs. I will need to know normal stages of cognitive, social, physical, and emotional development from early childhood through the completion of twelfth-grade. Being a teacher, I will need to identify developmental differences that characterize students and consider developmental variation for instructional planning, along with effective learning experiences and assessments. I must understand how physical changes, along with social and emotional changes can disturb a student’s progress
Some experts agree that dramatic play is an integral part of a well rounded preschool program as it is healthy for early childhood development. Benefits of children play is children teaches self regulation. This is a great stepping stone for learning to self regulate their emotions. Some interesting things happen when children assign and accept roles in dramatic play they are motivated to stick to them, thinking of them as rules to follow. Their own rules.
Cognitive, neurological and brain development (Acquiring knowledge and the nervous system). Between birth to 6 months babies and children use their senses to become aware e.g. knowing they are hungry, as well as recognising key people in their lives and responding to physical smiles. In the next 6 months, they are beginning to understand tone of voice and begin to have favourite toys. Between 1 to 2 years children start to use objects correctly e.g. a cup.
THE IMPORTANCE OF EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION IN THE USA 1.Introduction Early childhood is an essential stage of life in terms of a child 's physical, intellectual, emotional and social development. Growth of mental and physical abilities progress at an amazing rate and a very high proportion of learning takes place from birth to age six. It is a time when children particularly need high quality personal care and learning experiences. Approximately 60 to 70 percent of preschool-age children in the USA attend an early childhood program or child care program out of the home, according to the American Academy of Pediatrics.