Although there are many reasons for child labour to exist, in India however, poverty and overpopulation appear to be the main cause. The vast majority of child labour appears to be present in rural areas. Many poor families in the urban areas strive to have a better life for themselves; this pushes the people to send their children to work to contribute to the household income from an early age. They do this not just for increasing their income but to ensure survival. Study has found that children who are under 14 years of age continue to work.
I. Introduction Child labor is becoming one of the social issues not only in Indonesia but also in global world. In Indonesia itself has predicted there are approximately 2.4 million of children. The problems in the employment sector has been worsen by the existence of child labors. Child labor is the term for children, below 18 years old who dedicate themselves to certain jobs.
This also makes us citizens concerned about our future as the rates of child poverty is still increasing even though it is much slowly then how fast it was increasing. And our nation would eventually be supported by these children. And this would also affect us economically as there will be more and more people in need of financial aid meaning lesser amount of money for development of the country and investors may not be that quick to invest in our nation as they used to. This is also because that even though
They have to deal with only making a small amount of money and working in harsh conditions at times, in order to make that little money that they do. Living in a foreign country and making only minimum wage can be hard and it’s even harder if you have no family or none that you can talk to, many of these immigrants leave their families behind in order to make money to be able to provide and have a better living back home. Cultural awareness: I think that this film was a reminder to me that many families do go through this and it is not easy to do. We sometimes take things for granted, like having our family around or making “x” amount of money at our job. These individuals make less than most of us do and they still are able to send it back home and provide for their families.
Despite the great wealth the United States possesses, it has for long struggled with poverty which is said to be inherited from one generation to another. The culture of poverty hinders those affected from economic betterment however much assistance they obtain from social programs put in place. The term Culture of poverty is believed to have been coined by Oscar Lewis, who suggested that children who grow up in poverty-stricken families are highly likely to adopt the norms and practices that encourage poverty. Thus, these children, he believed, would replicate the adapted values in their lives which would in turn generate a cycle of intergenerational poverty in the long run (Bell et al, 2013). Thus the culture of poverty is a topic which creates heated debates in both the public and political arenas.
Bibi (1980) reported that majority of the parents send their children to work because of their poor economic situation. She identified that thousand of the children under the age of 15 years were working under extremely bad environment and proportion of female workers was higher than male. They were paid little and worked hard for 60 to 90 hours per week. Khan (1982) identified after taking a sample of 100 children from the urban areas of Pakistan, hours worked by child laborers on variables such as age, family size, schooling, experience, and family income were regressed. Poverty, illiteracy, and lack of educational facilities are the factors, which result in supply of child labor.
A CASE STUDY ON CHILD LABOR, HOUSEHOLD POVERTY AND ACCESS TO EDUCATION OF CHILDREN OF DINALUPIHAN, BATAAN REGION By Emeline Bergehed Sien Introduction Child labor is one of the silent development problems in today’s world of globalization. In a third world country like the Philippines, child labor remains prevalent and rights of the child are often too neglected. The Philippines has made significant development in efforts to eliminate forms of child labor, resulting in implementations of various government and non government organization programs yet the rate of child labor is continuously growing. General model of household decision-making emphasizes the important role of the household preference for present and future consumption, including children. Due to poor household, children are often used as household assets by sending them to work to increase incomes and the probability of survival.
Especially in a developing country like India, where most of its population depends on agricultural output, and as a result have higher number of children in order to avoid hiring extra labor and also to support them when they get older. Beliefs such as these are hard to overcome even in a decade and can only be done by providing proper education to these locals and by supporting them
It impact on the physical, mental, and psychological development of the labouring child and hinders human capital formation by leaving the working child with little time or stamina to focus on education, thereby perpetuating poverty into future generations (RAVALLION AND WODON 2000). Notwithstanding universal agreements on the negative impact of child labour, there are millions of child labourers ‘employed’ both in the visible and invisible sectors. A number of factors are responsible for the high incidence of child labour in developing countries, many attributing this to poverty and poverty-related factors. It is argued that households that do not have enough resources to sustain the family have no choice but make their children engage in various activities
The figures expressed that there more children employed in India than any other country in the world. The 1994 Government of India National Sample Survey states that 90 million out of 179 million children in the 6 – 14 age group are outside the school system and are therefore, highly likely to be child labourer. In fact, if these working children in India constituted a country, that country would be the 11th largest country in the world. It has also been investigated that children are found at work in all the sector of the